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Towards Understanding
The Ever-Glorious Qur'an

In The Name of Allah,
The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful

Introduction

      Translation may be defined as a bilinguistic medium for human communication. As distinct from other forms of interpretation, simultaneous or otherwise, translation is an attempt at conveying the content of a text from one language into another. Such an ability on the part of the translator is essential for the correct understatnding of the text in the original and reasonable proficiency in the target language.

     The word translate comes from Latin trans "across" and –lat, the suppletive past participle of Latin ferre "to bear, carry". In carrying the content of a text across into another language, the message must inevitably suffer some deficiencies, or even loss, due to limitations of time and place along with many other limitations from Aristotle's time-honored categories down to the modern concept of constraints. An additonal requirement on the part of any translator of the Qur'an is a sense of dedication transcending personal opinions and mundane aspirations.

     This is why the translator who took upon himself the honorable burden of translating the Qur'an under the title The Meaning of the Glorious Qur'an, M.M. Pickthall, believes that "the Qur'an cannot be translated," although he was a Muslim and a native speaker of English. But because he was also moved by "that inimitable symphony, the very sounds of which move men to tears and ecstasy," his marvellous translation has become a classic of accuracy and enlightenment.

     A.J. Arberry's first translation (1953) and its later dedition (1964) convey a feeling of admiration for the message of the Qur'an, "being of the eternal, it is one message in eternity." He ends up the Introduction hoping that "this interpretation, poor echo though it is of the glorious original, may instruct, please, and in some degree inspire those who read it." His admiration for the Glorious Qur'an has given his translation an inspiring beauty that no other translation could achieve.

     `Abdullah Yűsuf `Ali's voluminous translation is a scholarly work of great value and stands as an unprecedented work of high literary and religious scholarship.

     The present translation has been undertaken as a modest attempt at an accurate linguistic rendering and, with all its deficiencies, it tries to clear some of the vague wording of previous translations, especially as regards synonymy as well as the glorious and elaborate morphological and syntactic system of the Arabic of the Qur'an.

     The original Arabic Qur'an has been incorporated in this (published book) volume since no translation can ever be a substitute for Divine Revelation, with all its truth and glory. It is clear that any translation of the Qur'an is time-bound, and this one is addressed mainly to those who are unable to read the Arabic original, hoping that the time will soon come when more and more Muslims will be motivated to master the Divine language and the message of the Glorious Qur'an. Failure o understand the teachings of the Qur'an will inevitably lead all humanity, Muslims and non-Muslims alike, into instability, turmoil, tribulation and universal tragedy.

Muhammad Mahműd Ghâli
Faculty of Languages and Translation
Al-Azhar University, Cairo
1417 A.H. - 1996 A.C.

  Preface to the Third Edition

     It is undoubtedly a huge task to try to translate the meanings of any religious text; and it seems a more perilous undertaking when the decision is to translate the Words of the Ever-Glorious Qur'an. Previous translations of religious Scriptures ended up with variations and different interpretations that led to versions and schisms.

     But the Qur'an has the unique characteristic of being revealed in Arabic, memorized in Arabic, and published in Arabic during all succeeding generations for fourteen centuries throughout the whole world.

     The first attempts at "translating" the Qur'an were undertaken by missionaries who tried to understand some of the glorious aspects of the Divine Revelation and also, partly, in some cases at least, to justify to the West their faithful adherence to their own religious observances.

     It is only at the end of the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth centuries that Muslims had to undertake renderings of the Ever-Glorious Qur'an, for such "translations" are needed by the greatest part of the Muslim nation, to whom Arabic has become a foreign language, although many of them, all through the ages, have memorized the Divine Revelation in Arabic.

     Some of the main difficulties in a translation of the meanings of the Qur'an into English are the differences between the two languages, most important of which is the fact that Arabic has a wealth of basic vocabulary and a rich morphological and syntactic structure. So much of the Arabic vocabulary has no counterpart in English such as the common verbs `adala "he did justice" and thalama "he did injustice", which have no verb equivalent in English.

     Again, a translation of the meanings of the Qur'an should be based on a clear-cut methodology such as the one adopted here: the differentiation between synonyms. Such a distinction between synonyms has not been strictly observed before, although its adoption can reveal many areas where shades of meaning should be kept distinct.

     A clear example is the distinction between shakk "doubt" and rayb "suspicion", where ignoring such a distinction would lead to the problem of translating shakk in murib "doubt causing suspicion". Again sirât "path" is different from sabîl "way", for sirât is masculine and sabîl is usually feminine, while tarîq has the appropriate English word "road".

     Here, one has to acknowledge my debt to previous Qur'anic translations; and also to emphasize the strict adherence to the Arabic text, and the obvious avoidance of irrelevant interpretations and explications.

     In this third edition, more effort has been made to correct more mistakes resulting from modest mastery of both English and Arabic, with the hope that this translation, as well as others, could help towards understanding the teachings of the Qur'an, without which all humanity, Muslim and non-Muslims alike, will face instability, tribulation and universal tragedy.

     Here, I have to express my appreciation and gratitude to the "Dar An-Nashr for Universities, Egypt" for their generous help, support and preseverance all through the different stages and editions of this work.

     Debt is also to the great number of colleagues who have given generous aid during the first stages of dealing with different translations in Jiddah and Riyadh in Saudi Arabia, and in Cairo. Special thanks are addressed to Professors `Ali Sha`bân and Ahmad Shafîq Al-Khatîb for their indispensable revision of the present edition.

     The tireless effort and generous help offered by Mrs. Ǽlfwine Acelas Mischler, in revising this translation is highly appreciated, and can only be rewarded by Divine Grace from Allah.

     Meanwhile, let us all pray for Divine expiation of our sinful deviations and misinterpretations, as well as for forgiveness for my own burdensome foly of fateful pitfalls.

Muhammad Mahműd Ghâli
1424 A.H. – 2003 A.C.

 

Transliteration Symbols

Symbol

Description

Arabic

'

Voiceless glottal stop

ء

`

Voiced pharyngeal fricative

ع

â

Long vowel = aa

ا (مد)

î

Long vowel = ii

يـ (مد)

ű

Long vowel = uu

و (مد)

 

 


 

1. Surat Al-Fâtihah (The Opening)

1.    In The Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful.

2.    Praise be to Allah, The Lord of the worlds.

3.    The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful.

4.    The Possessor of the Day of Doom.

5.    You only do we worship, and You only do we beseech for help.

6.    Guide us in the straight Path.

7.    The Path of the ones whom You have favored, other than that of the ones against whom You are angered, and not (that of) the erring. (It is customary to say “amîn” “amen” at the end of this Surah).

  

2. Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow)

In The Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful.

1.Alif, Lam, Mîm. (These are the names of three letters from the Arabic alphabet, probably indicating that this inimitable Revelation, the Qur’an, is made of this Arabic alphabet. Only Allah Knows their meaning here).

2.That is the Book, there is no suspicion about it, a guidance to the pious.

3.Who believe in the Unseen, and keep up the prayer, and expend of what We have provided them,

4.And who believe in what has been sent down to you, and what has been sent down (even) before you, and they constantly have certitude in the Hereafter.

5.Those are upon guidance from their Lord, and those are they who are the prosperers.

6.Surely, the ones who have disbelieved, it is equal to them whether you have warned them or have not warned them, they do not believe. Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing; and on their be-holdings (i.e. eyesights) is an envelopment. And for them is a tremendous torment.

7.And of mankind (there) are some who say, We have believed in Allah and in the Last Day. And in no way are they believers.

8.They try to deceive Allah and (the ones) who have believed, and in no way do they deceive (anyone) except themselves, and in no way are they aware.

9.In their hearts is a sickness. So Allah has increased them in sickness, and for them is a painful torment for (that) they used to lie.

10.        And when it is said to them, Do not corrupt in the earth, they say, Surely we are only doers of righteousness.” (i.e. reformers, peacemakers)

11.        Verily, they, (only) they, are surely the corruptors, but they are not aware.

12.        And when it is said to them, Believe just as mankind has believed, they say, Shall we believe just as the fools have believed?Verily, they, (only) they, are surely the fools, but they do not know.

13.        And when they meet the ones who have believed they say, We have believed, and when they go apart to their shayâtîn, (The all-vicious (ones), i.e. devils) they say, Surely we are with you; surely we are only mocking.

14.         Allah mocks them and grants them extension in blundering in their inordinance.

15.        Those are they who have traded errancy (at the price of) guidance; so, in no way has their commerce gained (anything) and in no way have they been rightly-guided.

16.        The likeness of them is as the likeness of one who set to kindle a fire; so, as soon as it illuminated whatever is around him, Allah went away with their light, (i.e., took away their light)and left them in darkness (es) (where) they do not behold (anything).

17.        Deaf, dumb, blind, so they will not return.

18.        Or as a cloudburst from the heaven in which are darknesses, and thunder, and lightning. They set their fingers in their ears against stunning (thunderbolts), wary of death, and Allah is Supremely Encompassing the disbelievers.

19.        The lightning almost snatches their beholdings (Literally: eyesights); whenever it illuminates for them they walk in it, and when it darkens over them, they keep stationed; and if Allah had so decided, He would indeed have gone away with (i.e., taken away) their hearing and their beholdings. (Literally: eyesights) Surely Allah is Ever Determiner over everything.

20.        O you mankind, worship your Lord Who created you and the ones (that were) even before you, that possibly you would be pious;

21.        Who has made the earth for you (as) a bedding, and the heaven an edifice, (Literally: a building) and has sent down out of the heaven water so He has brought out with it (all kinds of) products as provision for you. So do not set up compeers to Allah and you know (He has no compeers).

22.        And in case you are suspicious (Literally: in suspicion) about what We have been sending down upon Our bondman, (i.e., the prophet. A bondman or slave is the highest title conferred by Allah upon his chosen men) then come up with a srah of like (manner), and invoke your witnesses, apart from Allah, in case you are sincere.

23.        So, in case you shall not perform that-and you will never perform it-then protect yourselves against the Fire whose fuel is mankind and stones, prepared for the disbelievers.

24.        And give good tidings to the ones who have believed and done deeds of righteousness that for them are Gardens from beneath which Rivers run. Whenever they are provided with any produce therefrom (once) as a provision, they will say, This is the (same) as we were provided earlier.And they are brought (them) in (perfect) resemblance; and therein they will have purified spouses and they are therein eternally (abiding).

25.        Surely Allah does not shy from striking a likeness even of a gnat, or anything above it. So for the ones who have believed, (then) they know that it is the Truth from their Lord, and as for the ones who have disbelieved, then they say, What is it that Allah would (teach) by this for a similitude?Thereby He leads many into error, and thereby He guides many; and thereby in no way does He lead into error anyone except the immoral. (The ungodly, the depraved)

26.        The ones who break the covenant of Allah even after its (binding) compact and cut (off) what Allah has commanded to be held together and corrupt in the earth, those are they (who are) the losers.

27.        How do you disbelieve in Allah and you were dead, then He gave you life, thereafter He (causes) you to die, (and) thereafter He gives you life (again), (and) thereafter to Him you will be returned?

28.        He is (The One) Who created for you whatever is in the earth altogether. Thereafter He leveled Himself (How He did so is beyond human understanding stauling) to the heaven; so He leveled them seven heavens, and He is Ever-Knowing of everything.

29.        And (remember) as your Lord said to the Angels, Surely I am making in the earth a successor. They said, Will You make therein one who will corrupt in it and shed blood (Literally: bloods) while we (are the ones who) extol (with) Your praise and call You Holy? Literally: hallow for you)” He said, “Surely I know whatever you do not know.”

30.        And He taught Adam all the names; Thereafter He set them before the Angels; so He said, “Inform me of the names of these, in case you are sincere.”

31.        They said, All Extolment be to You! We have no knowledge except that which You have taught us. Surely, You, Ever You, are The Ever-Knowing, The Ever-Wise.”

32.        He said, “O Adam, inform them of their names.” So, when he (Adam) informed them of their names, He said, “Did I not say to you (that) surely I know the Unseen of the heavens and the earth and I know whatever you display and whatever you used to keep back?”

33.        And (remember) as We said to the Angels, “Prostrate (yourselves) to Adam”, so they prostrated (themselves) except Iblîs: He refused and waxed proud, and he was (one) of the disbelievers.

34.        And We said, “O Adam, dwell, you and your spouse in the Garden, and eat (Both of you) thereof opulently where you decide to, and (both of) you should not draw near this tree, (or) then you (both) would be of the unjust.”

35.        Then Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the devil) caused them to slide back therefrom, so he drove them out of what they (both) were in; and We said, “Get down, each of you is an enemy of the other; (Literally: some of you an enemy of some) and in the earth you (The pronoun is plural, not dual, i.e., more than two) will have a repository and an enjoyment for a while.”

36.        Then Adam received (some) Words from his Lord; so He relented towards him; surely He, Ever He, is The Superbly Relenting, The Ever-Merciful.

37.        We said, “Get down out of it altogether, then, if ever there should definitely (The verb has an emphatic ending, thereby saying that guidance will come) come up to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My guidance, then no fear will be on them, neither will they grieve.”

38.        And (the ones) who have disbelieved and cried lies to Our signs, those are the companions (i.e. the inhabitants) of the Fire; they are therein eternally (abiding).

39.        O Seeds (Or: sons) of Israel) remember My favor wherewith I favored you, and fulfil My covenant (and) I will fulfil your covenant, and do have awe of Me (only).

40.        And believe in what I have sent down, sincerely (verifying) that which is with you, and do not be the first disbelievers of it, and do not trade My signs for a little price, and be pious towards Me (only).

41.        And do not confound the Truth with the untruth and do not keep back the Truth and you know (it).

42.        And keep up the prayer and bring the Zakat (i.e., pay the obligatory poor-dues) and bow down with the ones bowing down.

43.        Do you command mankind to benignancy and forget yourselves, and you recite the Book? Do you then not consider?

44.        And seek help in patience and prayer; and surely it is indeed great (i.e., formidable, hard) except for the submissive.

45.        Who expect that they are meeting their Lord and that to Him they are returning.

46.        O Seeds (Or: sons) of Israel remember My favor wherewith I favored you, and that I graced you over the worlds.

47.            And protect yourselves against a Day (when) no self will recompense for another self in anything and no intercession will be accepted from it, nor any justice (i.e. compensation) be taken from it, neither will they be vindicated. (Or: granted victory)

48.        And (remember) as We safely delivered you from the House of Firaawn (Pharaoh) (who were) marking you out for odious torment, constantly slaying your sons, and sparing alive your women; and in that (Literally: these “atrocious acts”) was a tremendous trial from your Lord.

49.        And (remember) as We separated the sea for you. So We delivered you and drowned the house of Firaawn (pharaoh) (while) you were looking (at them).

50.    And (remember) as We appointed with Műsa (Moses) forty nights; thereafter you took to yourselves the Calf even after him and you were unjust.

51.        Thereafter We were clement towards you even after that, that possibly you would thank (Us).

52.    And (remember) as We brought Műsa (Moses) the Book and the all-distinctive Furqan, (Literally: the Criterion for right and wrong) that possibly you would be guided.

53.    And (remember) as Műsa (Moses) said to his people, “O my people, surely you have done injustice to yourselves by taking the Calf to yourselves. So repent to your Initiator (and) so kill yourselves. (i.e., the unburdening of their sins; forgiveness) That (Literally: these “killings”) is most charitable for you in the Providence of your Initiator; so He relented towards you. Surely He, Ever He, is The Superbly Relenting, The Ever-Merciful.

54.    And (remember) as you said, “O Műsa (Moses) we will never believe you until we see Allah openly.” So the (stunning) thunderbolt took you (while) you were looking on.

55.        Thereafter We made you to rise again even after your death, that possibly you would thank (Us).

56.        And We overshadowed you with mists and We sent down manna and quails upon you. “Eat of whatever good things We have provided you.” And in no way did they do injustice to Us, but they were doing injustice to themselves.

57.        And (remember) as We said, “Enter this town, so eat opulently of it where you decide, and enter (in at) the gate, constantly prostrating and say, (Unburdening)” (Literally: these “killings”) (Then) We forgive you your sins and We will soon increase the fair-doers.

58.        Then the ones who did injustice exchanged a saying other than that which had been said to them. So We sent down upon the ones who did injustice chastisement from the heaven for that they used to commit immorality.

59.    And (remember) as Műsa (Moses) asked Allah) for water for his people, so We said, “Strike with your staff the stone.” Then there gushed forth from it twelve springs. Each folk already knew their drinking-place. “Eat and drink of the provision of Allah, and do not perpetrate (mischief) in the earth, (as) corruptors.”

60.    And (remember) as you said, “O Műsa, (Moses) we will never (endure) patiently one (sort) of food; so invoke your Lord for us that He may bring out for us of what the earth grows of its green herbs and its cucumbers, and its garlic, and its lentils, and its onions.” He said, “Would you wish to exchange that which is most charitable for that which is meaner? Get you down to (any) township; (Some say that it is Egypt) then surely you will have (there) what you asked for.” And they were stricken with humiliation and indigence, and they incurred the anger of Allah, That was for that they had disbelieved in the signs of Allah, and killed the Prophets (Literally: Prophesiers) untruthfully. That was for that they disobeyed and were (always) transgressing.

61.    Surely (the ones) who have believed and the ones who have Judaized and the Nasara (Christians) and the Sabiîn, (Sabaeans) whoever have believed in Allah and the Last Day and done righteousness, then they will have their reward in the Providence of their Lord, and no fear will be on them, neither will they grieve.

62.    And (remember) as We took compact with you and raised above you the Tűr (i.e. the Mount): “Take powerfully what We have brought you and remember what is in it, that possibly you would be pious (towards Me).”

63.        Thereafter you turned away even after that, so had it not been for the Grace of Allah towards you and His mercy, indeed you would have been of the losers.

64.        And you already know of (the ones) of you who transgressed the Sabbath; so We said to them “Be apes, (miserably) spurned.”

65.        So We made it (i.e. the city “and its population”) an (exemplary) torture for their own (Literally: between its two hands) and what is behind it (i.e. succeeding “generations”) and an admonition for the pious.

66.    And as Műsa (Moses) said to his people, “Surely Allah commands you to slay a cow, ” they said, “Do you take us to yourself in mockery?” He said, “I take refuge in Allah from being one of the ignorant.”

67.        They said, “Invoke your Lord for us that He make evident to us what (cow) she is.” He said, “Surely He says that surely she is a cow neither too old, nor new, middling between the two. So, perform what you are commanded.”

68.        They said, “Invoke your Lord for us that He make evident to us what color she is.” He said, “Surely He says that surely she is a yellow cow, bright (is) her color, pleasing to the onlookers”.

69.        They said, “Invoke your Lord for us that He make evident to us what she is; surely the cows to us are similar to each other; and surely in case Allah so decides, we will indeed be rightly-guided.”

70.        He said, “Surely He says that surely she is a cow not tractable (Literally made subservient) to stir the earth or to water the tillage, with no blemish in it. They said, “Now you have come with the truth.” So, they slew her, and they had scarcely performed that.

71.        And (remember) as you killed a self, (and) so you parried about it, and Allah is to bring out whatever you were keeping back.

72.        So We said, “Strike him with some (i.e. part of it) of it.” Thus Allah gives life to the dead and shows you His signs, that possibly you would consider.

73.        Thereafter your hearts hardened even after that; so they were as stones, or (even) strictly harder. And surely there are stones from which rivers erupt forth, and surely there are (some) that cleave so that water goes out of them, and surely there are (still others) that crash down in the apprehension of Allah. And in no way is Allah ever heedless of whatever you do.

74.        Do you then long for (the fact) that they should believe you, and a group of them already were hearing the Speech of Allah; thereafter they perverted it even after they had considered it, while they knew (the Truth).

75.        And when they meet (the ones) who have believed, they say, “We have believed (too).” And when they go privately one to another, (Literally: some of them with some others) they say, “Do you discourse with them about what Allah has opened (i.e. granted, revealed) up on you that they may thereby argue with you in the Meeting of your Lord? Would you then not consider?”

76.        And do they not know that Allah knows whatever they keep secret and whatever they make public?

77.        And among them are illiterates (who) do not know the Book except (only) fancies, and decidedly they do (nothing) except surmise.

78.        So woe to (the ones) who write the Book with their hands; thereafter they say, “This is from (the Providence of) Allah, that they may trade it for a little price; So, woe to them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for what they have earned.

79.        And they have said, “The Fire will never touch us except a (few) numbered days.” Say, “Have you taken to yourselves in the Providence of Allah a Covenant? So Allah will never fail in His Covenant, or do you say against Allah that which you do not know?”

80.        Yes indeed, whoever has earned an odious deed and his offense(s) have encompassed him, then those are therein the companions ( (i.e. inhabitants) of the Fire; they are therein eternally (abiding).

81.        And the ones who have believed and done deeds of righteousness, those are the companions of the Garden; they are therein eternally (abiding).

82.        And (remember) as We took Compact with the Seeds (or: sons)of Israel) (that), “You shall not worship any (god) except Allah, and (show) fairest companionship to parents, and near kinsmen, and to orphans, and to the indigent; and speak fair to mankind, and keep up the prayer, and bring the Zakat. (i.e., pay the obligatory poor-dues)” (But) thereafter you turned away excepting for a few of you, and you are (still) veering away.

83.        And (remember) as We took compact with you (that), “You shall not shed your blood, (Literally: bloods) nor drive out yourselves (i.e., your own people) from your residences.” Thereafter you ratified (that), and you yourselves bore witness.

84.         (Yet) thereafter, you are these (who) kill yourselves (i.e. kill some of you) and drive out a group among you from their residences, backing each other against them in vice and hostility; and in case they come up to you captured, you ransom them, (while) driving them out is prohibited for you. Do you then believe in some (parts) of the Book and disbelieve in other parts? (Literally: in some parts) So in no way is the recompense of whoever of you performs that (anything) except disgrace in the present (Literally: the lowly (life), i.e., the life of this world) life, and on the Day of the Resurrection they are to be turned back to the strictest torment. And in no way is Allah ever heedless of whatever you do.

85.        Those are (they) who have traded the present life for the price of the Hereafter. So for them the torment will not be lightened, neither will they be vindicated.

86.    And indeed We already brought Műsa (Moses) the Book, and We made to supervene the (other) Messengers even after him; and We brought `Isa son of Maryam (Jesus son of Mary) the supreme evidences and aided him with the Spirit of Holiness; (The Holy Spirit, the Angle jibrîl “Gabriel”) yet, is it not (the case that) whenever there came to you a Messenger with what (you) yourselves did not yearn to, you waxed proud, (and) so you cried lies to a group of them and (another) group you kill?

87.        And they said, “Our hearts are encased.” No indeed, (but) Allah has cursed them for their disbelief; so, little do they believe.

88.        And as soon as a Book came to them from the Providence of Allah, sincerely (verifying) what was with them-and they earlies prayed for an opening (victory, conquest) over the ones who disbelieved-yet, as soon as there came to them what they recognized, they disbelieved in it; so the curse of Allah is on the disbelievers.

89.        Miserable is that (for which) they have traded themselves, that they have disbelieved in what Allah has sent down, inequitably (grudging) that Allah should (be) sending down of His Grace upon whomever He decides of His bondmen. So they incurred anger upon anger; and for the disbelievers is a degrading torment.

90.        And when it was said to them, “Believe in what Allah has sent down, ” they said, “We believe in what was sent down on us, ” and they disbelieve in what is beyond it, and it is the Truth sincerely (verifying) what is with them. Say, “Why then did you kill the Prophesiers (i.e. Prophets) of Allah earlier in case you are believers?”

91.    And indeed Műsa (Moses) already came up to you with the supreme evidences; thereafter you took to yourselves the Calf even after him, and you were unjust.

92.    And as We took compact with you (Literally: took your compact) and raised above you the Tűr (i.e. the Mount): “Take powerfully what We have brought you and give ear to (Our Word).” They said, “We have heard, and we disobey.” And they were made to drink the Calf in their hearts (i.e., their hearts were filled with love for it) for their disbelief. Say, “Miserable is that to which your belief commands you, in case you are believers!”

93.        Say, “In case the Last Residence in the Providence of Allah is yours exclusively, apart from (all) mankind, then covet death in case you are sincere.”

94.        And they will never covet it, at all, for what their hands have forwarded; and Allah is Ever-Knowing of the unjust.

95.        And indeed you will definitely find them the eagerest of mankind for life, and (also some) of the ones who have associated others (with Allah). One of them would like to be granted a life of a thousand years, and in no way will it make him move away from torment that he is granted a long life; and Allah is Ever-Beholding of whatever they do.

96.        Say, “Whoever is an enemy to Jibrîl (Angle Gabriel) - surely then it is he who has been sending it down upon your heart by the permission of Allah, sincerely (verifying) what was before it (Literally: between its two hands) and for a guidance and good tidings to the believers-

97.        Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His Angels and His Messengers, and Jibrîl and Mîkal, (Angle Gabriel and Michael, respectively) then surely Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.”

98.        And indeed We have already sent down to you supremely evident signs, and in no way does anybody disbelieve in them except the immoral.

99.        And is it, (that) whenever they have made (Literally: covenanted a covenant) a covenant, a group of them flung it (off)? No indeed, most of them do not believe.

100.    And as soon as (there) has come to them a Messenger from the Providence of Allah, sincerely (verifying) what was with them, a group of them that were brought the Book flung the Book of Allah beyond their backs, as if they did not know.

101.  And they closely followed what the Ash-Shayâtîn (the all-vicious (ones), i.e., the devils) recited over Sulaymans (Soloman’s) kingdom. And in no way did Sulayman (Solomon) disbelieve but Ash- Shayâtîn (The all-vicious (ones), i.e., the devils) disbelieved, teaching mankind sorcery, and that which was sent down upon the two Angels in Babil, (Babylon) Harűt and Marűt; and in no way did they teach anyone till they said, “Surely we are only a temptation, so, do not disbelieve.” Then from them (The two angels) they learned that by which they could cause separation between a person and his spouse. And in no way are they harming anyone except by the permission of Allah ; and they learned what harmed them and did not profit them. And indeed they already knew that indeed whoever trades it, in no way should he have any apportioning (of Grace) in the Hereafter; and miserable indeed was (that) for which they bartered themselves, if they had known (the Truth).

102.    And if it be that they had believed and been pious, a requiting from the Providence of Allah would indeed have been most charitable if they had known.

103.    O you who have believed, do not say, Raaina (This form of the verb was used by the Jews and had a derisive connotation in Hebrew. Here in means “heed us”) and say, Look upon us and listen, ” (Literally: hear) and to the disbelievers is a painful torment.

104.    In no way would the ones who include disbelieved among the population of the Book (Or: the Family of the Book. i.e., the Jews and Christians. and nor (Literally: and not) (among) the associators (i.e. Those who associate otrers with Allah) like that any charity (i.e., The choicest good) would always be sent down upon you from your Lord. And Allah appropriates His mercy to whomever He decides; and Allah is The Owner of the magnificent Grace.

105.    In no way do We abrogate any ayah (i.e. verse, sign) whatsoever or cause it to be forgotten (except that) We come up with (i.e., bring) a more charitable one or the like of it. Do you not know that Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything?

106.    Do you (i.e., the Prophet) not know that Allah has the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and that in no way do you (i.e., the believers) have, apart from Allah, either a constant patron or a constant vindicator.

107.    Or ever would you (i.e., the believers) ask your Messenger as Műsa (Moses) was asked earlier? And whoever exchanges belief for disbelief, has readily erred (away from) the level way.

108.    Many of the Population of the Book (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., Jews and Christians) would like to turn you back steadfast disbelievers, even after your belief, through envy on the part of themselves, even after the Truth has become evident to them. So, be clement and pardon (them), till Allah comes up (i.e., brings) with His Command; surely Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.

109.    And keep up the prayer and bring the Zakat, (i.e., pay the poor-dues) and whatever charity you forward for yourselves, you will find it in the Providence of Allah; surely Allah is Ever-Beholding of whatever you do.

110.    And they said, “Never will anybody enter the Garden except they who were Judaic or Nasara (i.e. Christians). Such (Literally: that) are their covetings. Say, “Offer your proof, in case you are sincere.”

111.    Yes indeed, whoever has surrendered his face (i.e., surrendered his will) to Allah and is a fair-doer, then he has his reward in the Providence of his Lord and no fear will be upon them, neither will they grieve.

112.    And the Jews have said, “The Nasara (i.e. the Christians) do not (stand) on anything, ” and the Nasara have said, “The Jews do not (stand) on anything, ” and they recite the Book. Thus the ones who do not know have said the like of their saying. So, Allah will judge between them on the Day of the Resurrection wherein they used to differ.

113.    And who is more unjust than he who prevents (praying in) the mosques of Allah so that His Name be not mentioned in them, and endeavors (diligently) for their ruin? Those can in no way enter them except in fear, for them is disgrace in the present life (Literally: The lowly, i.e., the life of this world) and in the Hereafter they will have a tremendous torment.

114.    And Allah has the East and the West; so, wherever you turn around, (then) hence is the Face of Allah; surely Allah is Ever-Embracing, Ever-Knowing.

115.    And they have said, “ Allah has taken to Him a child.” All Extolment be to Him! No indeed, He has whatever is in the heavens and the earth. All are devout to Him,

116.    The Ever-Innovating of the heavens and the earth; and when He has decreed a Command, then surely it is only (that) He says to it, “Be!” so it is.

117.    And they that do not know have said, “if (only) Allah had spoken to us or a sign had come up to us.” Thus did the ones even before them say the like of their saying. Their hearts resemble each other. We have already made evident the signs for a people that have certitude.

118.    Surely We have sent you with the Truth, a bearer of good tidings and a war ner, and you will not be asked about the companions (i.e., the inhabitants) of the Hell-Fire.

119.    And the Jews will never be satisfied with you, neither will the Nasara (i.e., the Christians) till you (closely) follow their creed. Say, “Surely the guidance of Allah is the Guidance.” And indeed in case you ever (closely) follow their prejudices, after the (share of) knowledge that has come to you, in no way will you have from Allah either a constant Patron or a ready Vindicator.

120.    The ones to whom We have brought the Book recite it with its true recitation: those believe in it; and whoever disbelieves in it, then those are they (who are) the losers.

121.    O Seeds (Or: sons) of Israel) remember My favor wherewith I favored you, and that I graced you over the worlds.

122.    And protect (yourselves) against a Day (when) no self will recompense for (another) self (in) anything. And no justice (i.e. just compensation) will be accepted from it nor will any intercession profit it; neither will they be vindicated.

123.    And as his Lord tried Ibrahîm (Abraham) with (certain) Words; so, he fully carried them out. (Literally: perfected them) He said, “Surely I am going to make you a leader for mankind.” Said he, Ibrahîm” Abraham”) “And of my offspring?” He said, “My Covenant will not pertain (i.e. is not attainable) to the unjust.”

124.  And as We made the Home an ingathering for mankind and a (place of) security, and take to yourselves Ibrahîms station for a place of prayer. And We covenanted with Ibrahîm (Abraham) and  Isma`îl, (Ishmael) (saying), “Purify My Home for the circumambulators, and the consecrators, and the ones often bowing down and prostrating themselves.”

125.    And as Ibrahîm said, “Lord! Make this a secure land, and provide its population with (various) products, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day.” He said, “And whoever disbelieves, I will make him enjoy a little, thereafter I will constrain him to the torment of the Fire-and how miserable is the Destiny!”

126.    And as Ibrahîm raised up the foundations of the Home and Isma`îl (with him), (saying), “Our Lord, (graciously) accept (this) from us. Surely You, Ever You, are The Ever-Hearing, The Ever-Knowing;

127.    Our Lord, and make us (both) Muslims (i.e. surrendered) to You, and of our offspring a nation Muslim to You, and show us our rituals and relent towards us; surely You Ever You are The Superbly Relenting, The Ever-Merciful.

128.    Our Lord, and send forth among them a Messenger, (one) of them, who (will) recite to them Your ayat (Signs verses) and teach them the Book, and (the) Wisdom, and cleanse them; surely You, Ever You, are The Ever-Mighty, The Ever-Wise.”

129.    And whoever desirously shirks from the creed of Ibrahîm (Abraham) except he who befools himself? And indeed We have already elected him in the present (life), (Literally: the lowly, i.e., the life of this world) and surely in the Hereafter he is indeed among the righteous.

130.    As his Lord said to him, “Surrender, ” (i.e., be muslim) he said, “I have surrendered to The Lord of the worlds.”

131.  And Ibrahîm (Abraham) enjoined his seeds (Or. sons) with this, and (also) Ya`qűb, (Jacob) (saying), “O my seeds! Surely Allah has elected for you the religion; so, definitely do not die except (while) you are Muslims.”

132.  Or (even) were you witnesses as death was present to Ya`qűb? (Jacob) As he said to his seeds’ (Or. sons) “What will you worship even after me?” They said, ” We will worship your God and the God of your fathers Ibrahîm, Isma`îl and Ishâq, (Abraham, Ishmael and `Isaac, respectively) One God; and to Him we are Muslims.” (i.e., to Him we surrender).

133.    That is a nation (that) has already passed away; it shall have whatever it earned, and you shall have whatever you have earned, and you shall not be questioned about whatever they were doing.

134.    And they have said, “Be Judaic or Nasara, (Christian) (then) you shall be guided.” Say, “No, indeed, (but) it is the creed of Ibrahîm, (Abraham) the unswervingly (upright, ) (i.e. veering away from idolatry) and in no way was he one of the associators. (i.e. those who associate others with’ Allah).

135.    Say (O Muslims), “We have believed in Allah, and whatever has been sent down to us, and whatever was sent down to Ibrahîm, and Isma`îl, and Ishâq and Ya`qűb (Abraham, Ishmael, `Isaac and Jacob, respectively) and the Grandsons, (i.e., the Tribes) and whatever was brought down to Műsa and `Isa, (Moses and Jesus, respectively) and whatever was brought to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we are Muslims.”

136.    So, in case they believe in the like of whatever you have believed in, then they are readily guided; and in case they turn away, then surely they are only in opposition; so Allah will soon suffice you for them; and He is The Ever-Hearing, The Ever-Knowing.

137.     (Our dye is) the dye (i.e. Religion) of Allah; and who has a fairer dye than that of Allah? And to Him we are worshipers.

138.    Say, (i.e. the prophet) “Would you argue with us concerning Allah and He is our Lord and your Lord? And we have our deeds, and you have your deeds, and to Him we are faithful.

139.  Or (even) do you say that Ibrahîm, and  Isma`il and Ishâq and Ya`qűb and the Grandsons (i.e. Tribes) were Judaic or Nasara (i.e. Christian)?” Say, “Do you know best or Allah?” And who is more unjust than he who has kept back in his presence a testimony from Allah? And in no way is Allah ever heedless of whatever you do.

140.    That is a nation (that) has already passed away; it will have whatever it earned; and you will have whatever you have earned; and you will not be questioned about whatever they used to do.

141.    The foolish ones among mankind will say, “What has turned them away from their Qiblah (The Qiblah is the Kacbah at Makkah, towards which the Muslims face in prayer) which they had been (facing)?” Say, “To Allah (belong) the East and West; He guides whomever He decides to a straight Path.”

142.    And thus We have made you a middle nation to be witnesses over mankind, and (for) the Messenger to be a witness over you. And in no way did We make the Qiblah which you had been (facing), except that We should know who closely followed the Messenger from him who turned over on his heels. And decidedly it was indeed a great thing (i.e. Formidable, hard) except for the ones whom Allah has guided, and in no way will Allah indeed waste your belief. Surely Allah is indeed Ever-Compassionate, Ever-Merciful to mankind.

143.    We have already seen the turning about of your face to the heaven; so We will indeed definitely turn you towards a Qiblah (Literally: their Qiblah) that shall satisfy you. So turn your face towards the Inviolable Mosque; and wherever you are, then turn your faces towards it. And surely the ones to whom the Book was brought do indeed know that it is the Truth from their Lord; and in no way is Allah ever heedless of whatever they do.

144.    And indeed in case you come up with every sign to the ones to whom the Book was brought, in no way will they follow your Qiblah; and in no way are you a follower of their Qiblah, and in no way are some of them followers of the Qiblah of the others. (Literally: some of them are in on way followers of the Qiblah of some “others”) and indeed in case you ever follow their prejudices even after the knowledge that has come to you, lo, surely you are indeed of the unjust.

145.    The ones to whom the Book was brought recognize it just as they recognize their sons. And surely a group of them indeed keep back the Truth; and they know (it).

146.     (It is) the Truth from your Lord; so definitely do not be of the constant wranglers.

147.    And to each is a direction towards which he turns, so race with each other for the charitable (deeds). Wherever you may be, Allah will come up with you (i.e., bring you) altogether; surely Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.

148.    And from where you go out, then turn your face towards the Inviolable Mosque; and surely it is indeed the Truth from your Lord; and in no way is Allah ever heedless of whatever you do.

149.    And from where you go out, then turn your face towards the Inviolable Mosque, and wherever you are, then turn your faces towards it, lest that mankind should have an argument against you, excepting (the ones of) them that do injustice. So do not be apprehensive of them, and be apprehensive of Me, and that I may perfect My favor on you and that possibly you would be guided.

150.    Just as We have sent among you a Messenger of yourselves, to recite Our ayat (Signs, verses) to you, and to cleanse you, and to teach you the Book and (the) Wisdom, and to teach you that which you did not know.

151.    So, remember Me, (and) I will remember you; and give thanks to Me; and do not disbelieve Me.

152.    O you who have believed, seek help in patience and prayer; surely Allah is with the patient.

153.    And do not say of whomever are killed in the way of Allah, ” (They are) dead.” No indeed, they are alive but you are not aware.

154.    And indeed We will definitely try you with something of fear and hunger, and diminution of riches, and selves, and products; and give glad tidings to the patient,

155.    Who, when an affliction afflicts them, say, “Surely we belong to Allah, and surely to Him we are returning.”

156.    Upon those are the prayers from their Lord, and mercy; and those are they (who) are the right-guided.

157.    Surely, ÉAs-safa and Al-Marwah (i.e. two hills near the Kacbah) are among the way marks of Allah. So whoever makes the Pilgrimage (i.e. Hajj) to the Home, or makes the Visitation, (cUmrah, sometimes called the minor pilgrimage) then there is no fault in him to circumambulate them; and whoever volunteers any (optional) charity, then surely Allah is Thankful, Ever-Knowing.

158.    Surely (the ones) who keep back whatever supreme evidences and guidance We have sent down even after We have made them evident to mankind in the Book, Allah curses those (people), and the cursers (also) curse them.

159.    Except (the ones) who repent and act righteously and ascertain the evidence; then, to those I relent, and I am The Superbly Relenting, The Ever-Merciful.

160.    Surely (the ones) who have disbelieved and die (while) they are steadfast disbelievers, upon those is the curse of Allah and the Angels and mankind all together.

161.    Eternally (abiding) therein, the torment will not be lightened for them, and they will not be respited.

162.    And your God is One God; there is no god except He, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful.

163.    Surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation (Or: differences) of the night and the day-time, and the ships that run in the sea with whatever profits mankind, and whatever water Allah sends down from the heaven - so therewith He gives life to the earth after its death and disseminates therein all kinds of beast - and the (constant) turning about of the winds, and the clouds subjected between the heaven and the earth, (these) are indeed signs for people who consider.

164.    And of mankind are (some) who take to themselves, apart from Allah, (false) compeers. They love them as with the love (due) to Allah; and (the ones) who have believed have stronger (fervor in the) love towards Allah. And if the ones who have done injustice might see, as they see the torment, that the power altogether (belongs) to Allah, and that Allah is strict in torment.

165.    As (the ones) who were closely followed acquitted themselves of (the ones) who closely followed (them), and see the torment, and their means (of escape) are cut off.

166.    And (the ones) who closely followed have said, “If a comeback were given us, so we (could) acquit ourselves of them, as they have acquitted themselves of us.” Thus Allah will show them their deeds (as) regrets for them; and in no way will they be ever going out of the Fire.

167.    O you mankind, eat of whatever is in the earth lawful and good; and do not closely follow the steps of Ash-shaytan; (The éver-vicious, i.e., the Devil) surely he is an evident enemy to you.

168.    Surely he only commands you to odious (deeds) and obscenity, and that you should say against Allah that which you do not know.

169.    And when it is said to them, “Closely follow what Allah has sent down, ” they say, “No indeed, we closely follow what we have come upon from our fathers.” And even if their fathers did not consider anything and they were not guided?

170.    And the likeness of the ones who have disbelieved is as the likeness of one who screams to that which does not hear (anything) except an invocation and a calling out; deaf, dumb and blind; so they do not consider.

171.    O you who have believed, eat of the good things (only) which We have provided you, and give thanks to Allah, in case He only is (The One) Whom you do worship.

172.    Surely He has prohibited for you only carrion (i.e. dead meat) and blood and the flesh of swine, and whatever has been acclaimed to other than Allah. So, whoever is constrained, neither being inequitable nor aggressive, then no vice will be upon him; surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

173.    Surely the ones who keep back whatever (part) of the Book (which) Allah has sent down and trade it for a little price, those in no way will eat (anything) in their bellies except the Fire. And Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, neither will He cleanse them, and they will have a painful torment.

174.    Those are they who have traded guidance for errancy, and forgiveness for torment; so, how patiently will they (endure) the Fire!

175.    That (is) because Allah has been sending down the Book with the Truth, and surely the ones who have differed about the Book are indeed in far- (reaching) opposition.

176.    It is not benignancy that you turn your faces around in the direction of East and West; but benignancy is (in him) who believes in Allah, and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Prophets, and brings wealth in spite of his love for it (Or: offers out of love for Him) to near kinsmen, and the orphans, and the indigent, and the wayfarer, and the beggars, and (to ransom) necks, (i.e. captives “slaves”) and keeps up the prayer, and bring the Zakat, (i.e. pay the poor-dues) and they who fulfil their covenant when they have covenanted, and the patient (ones) in misery and tribulation, and while in violence; (i.e. during fighting) those are (they) who act sincerely, and those are they who are the pious.

177.    O you who have believed, prescribed for you is retaliation concerning (the ones) killed: the freeman for the freeman, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. Yet whoever is offered anything in clemency by his brother, then the close following after should be with beneficence, and the payment back to him should be with fairness. This (Literally: That) is a lightening from your Lord and a mercy; then, he who transgresses after that, then he will have a painful torment.

178.    And in retaliation there is life for you, O (men) endowed with intellects, that possibly you would be pious.

179.    Prescribed for you, when death is present to any of you, in case he leaves behind some charitable (benefit), is to make testament to parents and nearest kin, with beneficence-truly (binding) on the pious.

180.    So whoever exchanges it after he has heard it, then surely the vice will be only upon (the ones) who exchange it; surely Allah is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

181.    Then, whoever fears unfairness or vice from a testator, so he makes things righteous among them, (i.e., reconciles the parties) then no vice will be upon him; surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

182.    O you who have believed, prescribed for you is the Fast, as it was prescribed for (the ones) who were before you, that possibly you would be pious.

183.     (The fast is) (for) a prescribed number of days. So, whoever of you is sick or is on a journey, then a (fixed) number of other days; and against the ones who can afford it, there should be a ransom of food for an indigent man; (yet) whoever volunteers charitably, then it is most charitable on his part; and to fast is more charitable for you, in case you know.

184.  185. The month of Ramadan (is the month) in which the Qur’an All-Supreme Reading) was sent down: a guidance to mankind, and supreme evidences of the guidance and the all-distinctive Criterion; So, whoever of you is present (Literally: witnesses the month) at the month, then he should fast it; and whoever is sick or on a journey, then a (fixed) number of other days. Allah wills for you ease, and He does not will difficulty for you (He wills) and that you should complete the (fixed) number. And magnify Allah for having guided you, and that possibly you would thank (Him).

185.    And when My bondmen ask you concerning Me, then, surely I am near; I answer the invocation of the invoker when he invokes Me; so let them respond (to) Me, and let them believe in Me, so that possibly they would respond right-mindedly.

186.    It is made lawful to you, upon the night of the Fast, to lie (Literally: lying) with your wives; they are a garment (i.e. vestment, mutual protection) for you, and you are a garment for them. Allah knows that you have been betraying yourselves, so He has relented toward you and has been clement to you. So now go in to them, and seek whatever Allah has prescribed for you. And eat and drink until the white thread becomes evident to you from the black thread at dawn; thereafter complete (Literally: perféct) the Fast to the night, and do not go in to them while you are consecrating yourselves in the mosques. Such are the bounds of Allah, so do not draw near them. Thus Allah makes His signs evident to mankind, that possibly they would be pious.

187.    And do not eat up your riches among yourselves untruthfully and do not proffer them to the judges, that you may viciously eat up some (i.e. a portion; literally a group) of other mens riches, (while) you know (it).

188.    They ask you concerning the new moons (Literally: crescents). Say, “They are fixed times for mankind, and (for) the Pilgrimage.” And benignancy is not to come up to the homes from their backs; but benignancy is for man to be pious; and come up to the homes by their doors, and be pious towards Allah, so that possibly you would prosper.

189.    And fight in the way of Allah the ones who fight you, but do not transgress; surely Allah does not love the transgressors.

190.    And kill them wherever you catch them, and drive them out from where they drove you out; and temptation (Or: discord, sedition) is more serious (Literally: stronger) than killing; and do not fight with them at the Inviolable Mosque until they fight with you therein; so in case they fight with you, then kill them; thus is the recompense of the disbelievers.

191.    Yet, in case they refrain, then surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

192.    And fight them until there is no temptation, (Or: discrd, strife, sedition) and the religion is for Allah. Yet in case they refrain, then there shall be no hostility except against the unjust.

193.    The Inviolable month (is) for the Inviolable month; (In which no warfare is permitted) and the Inviolable things (demand) retaliation. So whoever transgresses against you, then transgress against him in like (manner) as he transgressed against you; and be pious to Allah, and know that Allah is with the pious.

194.    And expend in the way of Allah; and do not cast (yourselves) by your (own) hands into perdition (i.e., by neglecting to expend in the way of Allah, ), and do fair deeds; surely Allah loves the fair-doers.

195.    And perféct the Pilgrimage and the Visitation (i.e., by neglecting to expend in the way of Allah, ) (to Makkah) to Allah; yet in case you are detained, then (make) whatever offering is the easiest, and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches its lawful destination. So whoever of you is sick or is hurt in his head, then (make) a ransom by fast or donation, or ritual (sacrifice). Yet, when you are secure, so whoever enjoys the Visitation until the Pilgrimage, then (make) whatever is easiest of offering. Yet, whoever does not find (any offering), then (make) a fast of three days in the Pilgrimage, and seven when you return, that is ten completely; that is for him whose family are not present (i.e. those who do not live in the vicinity of Makkah) at the Inviolable Mosque; and be pious to Allah, and know that Allah is strict in punishment.

196.    The Pilgrimage is (in) months well-known; so, whoever ordains (upon himself) the Pilgrimage in them, then there shall be no lying with (womenfolk), nor evident immorality, nor disputing in the Pilgrimage. And whatever charity you perform, Allah knows it. And sustain yourselves; so, the most charitable sustenance is piety; and be pious to Me, O (you) endowed with intellects!

197.    It is no fault in you that you constantly seek Grace from your Lord; so when you press on from cArafat, then remember Allah at the Inviolable Emblem, and remember Him as He has guided you, and decidedly you were even before it (i.e. before …Islam) indeed of the erring .

198.    Thereafter, press on from where the multitude (Literally: mankind) press on, and ask for forgiveness from Allah; surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

199.    So, when you have accomplished your (holy) rituals, then remember Allah like the remembrance of your fathers (The pagan Arabs used to praise their forefathers at the conclusion of the pilgrimage) or (even) with stronger fervor in remembrance. So, of mankind (there are) some who say, “Our Lord, bring us (provision) in the present (life), ” and in no way does he have any share in the Hereafter.

200.    And of them are (some) who say, “Our Lord, bring us in the (present) life a fair (reward), and in the Hereafter a fair (reward), and protect us from the torment of the Fire.”

201.    Those will have an assignment from whatever they have earned, and Allah is swift at the reckoning.

202.    And remember Allah during a (prescribed) number of days. So, whoever hastens on in two days, then there is no vice in him, (Literally: on him) and whoever defers then there is no vice in him; (that is) for whoever is pious. And be pious to Allah, and know that to Him you will be mustered.

203.    And of mankind (there is) he whose saying upon the present life makes you admire (it), and (he) calls on Allah to witness what is in his heart, (yet) he is most obstinate in adverseness.

204.    And when he turns away, he (diligently) endeavors about the earth to corrupt in it and cause the tillage and stock to perish; and Allah does not love corruption.

205.    And when it is said to him, “Be pious to Allah, might takes him, with vice. so Hell will be (enough) reckoning for him and miserable indeed is the resting place.

206.    And of mankind (there is) he who barters himself seeking gracious satisfaction from Allah; and Allah is Ever-Compassionate with (His) bondmen.

207.    O you who have believed, enter into peacefulness, the whole (of you), and do not ever follow the steps of As-shaytan; (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) surely he is an evident enemy to you.

208.    So, in case you slide back even after the supreme evidences have come to you, know then that Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

209.    Do they look for (nothing) except that Allah will come up to them in the overshadowings of mist, and the Angels? And the Command is accomplished and to Allah (all) the Commands are returned.

210.    Ask the Seeds (or: sons) of Israel) how many a supremely evident sign We brought them; and whoever exchanges the favor of Allah even after it has come to him, then surely Allah is strict in punishment.

211.    Adorned for the ones who have disbelieved is the present life (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) and they scoff at the ones who have believed; and the ones who are pious will be above them on the Day of the Resurrection and Allah provides whomever He decides without reckoning.

212.    Mankind was one nation; so, Allah sent forth the Prophets, constant bearers of good tidings and constant warners, and He sent down with them the Book with the Truth, to judge among mankind concerning that in which they differed. And in no way did anyone differ concerning it except the ones to whom it was brought even after the supreme evidences had come to them, being inequitable among themselves; So Allah guided the ones who believed to the Truth, concerning which they differed, by His permission, and Allah guides whomever He decides to a straight Path.

213.    Or (even) did you reckon that you should enter the Garden, while as yet there had not come up to you the like of (the ones) who passed away even before you? Misery and tribulation touched them, and (they) were shaken until the Messenger and the ones who believed with him said, “When does victory from Allah (come)?” Verily, victory from Allah is surely near.

214.    They ask you what (things) they should expend, Say, “Whatever charity you expend is for parents and nearest kin, and orphans, and the indigent, and the wayfarer; and whatever charity you perform, then surely Allah is Ever-Knowing of it.”

215.    Prescribed for you is fighting, and you have a hatred for it; and it may be that you hate a thing, while (Literally: and) it is most charitable for you; and it may be that you love a thing while (Literally: and) it is evil for you; and Allah knows and you do not know.

216.    They ask you concerning the Inviolable month, (and) fighting in it. Say, “Fighting in it is great (transgression); and barring from the way of Allah, and disbelief in Him and the Inviolable Mosque, and driving its population out of it, is greater (transgression) in the Reckoning of Allah; and temptation is greater than killing.” And they will not cease fighting against you till they make you turn back from your religion, in case they are able to do so. And whoever of you turn back from his religion, and so dies and he is a disbeliever, then those are the ones whose deeds have been frustrated in the present (life) (Literally: the lowly “life”, i.e., the life of this world) and the Hereafter; and those are the companions (i.e., inhabitants) of the Fire; they are therein eternally (abiding).

217.    Surely (the ones) who have believed, and (the ones) who have emigrated and striven in the way of Allah, those hope for the mercy of Allah; and Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

218.    They ask you concerning wine and games of chance. Say, “In (both) is great vice, and profits for mankind; and the vice in them is greater than the profit.” And they ask you (concerning) what (things) they should expend. Say, “Liberality.” (Or: clemency) Thus, Allah makes evident the signs to you, that possibly you would meditate

219.    On (Literally: in) the present (life) (Literally: the lowly “life”, i.e., the life world) and the Hereafter. And they ask you concerning the orphans. Say, “Acting righteously with them is most charitable. (i.e. better) And in case you intermix with them, they are then your brethren; and Allah knows the corruptor from the reformer; (i.e. the doer of righteousness) and if Allah had (so) decided, He would have indeed distressed you; surely Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.”

220.    And do not marry female associators (Those who associate others with Allah) until they believe; and indeed a believing bondwoman is more charitable than a female associator, even if you may admire her. And do not (allow) associators to marry (your females) until they believe. And indeed a believing bondman is more charitable than an associator, even if you may admire him. Those call to the Fire, and Allah calls to the Garden and forgiveness, by His permission, and He makes evident His signs to mankind, that possibly they would remind themselves.

221.    And they ask you concerning menstruation. Say, “It is hurt; so keep apart from women during menstruation, and do not draw near them till they are pure. So, when they have purified themselves, then come up to them (i.e., to have sexual intercourse) from where Allah has commanded you.” Surely Allah loves the ones constantly repenting, and He loves the ones constantly purifying themselves.

222.    Your women are a tillage for you; so come up to your tillage however you decide, and place forward (good deeds) for yourselves; and be pious to Allah, and know that you will be meeting Him. And give good tidings to the believers.

223.    And do not make Allah an object for your oaths (i.e., idle oaths) (as an excuse) against being benign and pious, and acting righteously (Or: reconciling) among mankind, and Allah is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

224.     Allah will not take you to task for idleness in your oaths, but He will take you to task for whatever your hearts have earned; and Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Forbearing.

225.    For the ones who forswear their women (is) a wait of four months; so in case they concede, (i.e., if they change the minds) then surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

226.    And in case they resolve on divorce, then surely Allah is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

227.    And divorced women shall a wait by themselves for three periods; and it is not lawful for them to keep back what Allah has created in their wombs, in case they (really) believe in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have truer (right) to restoring (Literally: to sending them back) them in such time, in case they are willing to do righteousness. (i.e., reconcile) And they (the women) have (rights) like (the obligations) they are under with beneficence; and men have a degree above them; and Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

228.    Divorce is twice; then retention with beneficence or release in fairness. And it is not lawful for you to take anything of whatever you have brought (the women) except (in case) they both fear that they may not keep within (Literally: Keep up) the bounds of Allah. So, in case you fear that they may not keep within (Literally: Keep up) the bounds of Allah, it is no fault in them (both) for her to ransom herself. Those are the bounds of Allah; so, do not transgress them; and whoever transgresses the bounds of Allah then those are they (who are) the unjust.

229.    Yet in case he has divorced her (finally), then she shall not be lawful to him ever after till she marries another spouse. So in case he (the other husband) has divorced her, then there is no fault in them (both) to return to each other, in case they expect that they will keep within (Literally: Keep up) the bounds of Allah. And those are the bounds of Allah; He makes them evident to people who know.

230.    And when you have divorced women, (and) so they have reached their term, (i.e., cIddah, the term during which a divorced woman may not remarry) then retain them with you with beneficence or release them with beneficence; and do not retain them to their injury so that you transgress. (i.e., by obliging them to relinquish part or all of their dower to you) And whoever performs that, then he has already done injustice to himself; And do not take to yourselves the signs of Allah in mockery (among yourselves); and remember the favor of Allah upon you, and whatever He has sent down on you of the Book and (the) Wisdom to admonish you. And be pious to Allah, and know that Allah is Ever-Knowing of everything.

231.    And when you have divorced women, (and) so they have reached their term, then do not pose problems for them from their marrying their spouses when they have consented among themselves with beneficence. That (instruction) is for (any) of you who believes in Allah and the Last Day to be admonished by it; That (Literally: those “instructions”) is more cleansing for you and purer; and Allah knows, and you do not know.

232.    And (women) giving birth, shall suckle their children two rounds completely, (i.e. two years) for the one who is willing to perfect the suckling. And it is for the man to whom children are born to offer them provision and raiment with beneficence. No self is charged except to its capacity. No woman giving birth shall be harmed on account of her child, nor shall a man to whom a child is born (be harmed) on account of his child; and the heir (is charged) in like manner. (Literally: like that) So, in case both of them are willing by mutual consent and consultation to wean, then there is no fault in them (both). And in case you are willing to seek suckling for your children, then there is no fault in you when you hand over whatever you have brought (them) with beneficence; and be pious to Allah and know that Allah is Ever-Beholding of whatever you do.

233.    And the ones of you who are taken up, (i.e., those who die) and leave behind (them) spouses, (the spouses) (i.e., the widows. The following verb is in the feminine plural) shall await by themselves for four months and ten (days); (This is the ÉIddah “term” for a widowed woman before she can remarry) so, when they have reached their term, then there is no fault in you whatever they perform (with) themselves with beneficence; and Allah is Ever-Cognizant of whatever you do.

234.    And there is no fault in you concerning whatever offer of betrothal you intimate to women, or nestle in yourselves. Allah knows that you will remember them. But do not make any promise with them secretly, excepting that you say some beneficent saying. And do not resolve on the knot (i.e., the bond) of marriage until the term (Literally: book) has been reached; its term; and know that Allah knows whatever is in yourselves, so be wary of Him. And know that Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Forbearing.

235.    There is no fault in you in case you divorce women as long as you have not touched them nor ordained any marriage-portion (Literally: an ordinance) for them; and allow for their (necessary) enjoyment, the affluent man according to his determined means, and the one in reduced circumstances (Literally: grudging “circumstances”) according to his determined means, an enjoyment with beneficence, a truly (binding) right on the fair-doers.

236.    And in case you divorce them even before you have touched them, and you have already ordained for them a marriage-portion, (Literally: an ordinance) then (give her) one half of what you have ordained except (in case) the (women) remit, or he in whose hand is the knot of marriage remits; (and) that you remit is nearer to piety. And do not forget the (virtue of) grace among yourselves; surely Allah is Ever-Beholding of whatever you do.

237.    Preserve (constantly) (i.e., observe strictly) the prayers, and the middle prayer, and rise up devoutly to Allah.

238.    Yet, in case you fear (the enemy), then (pray) afoot or riding; so when you are secure, then remember Allah, as He taught you that (i.e., the prayers) which you did not know.

239.    And the ones of you who are taken up (i.e., die) and leave behind (their) spouses, (shall) make a testament for their spouses, (i.e., wives. The verbs and pronouns in what follows indicate that these instructions are regarding widowed woman) a (necessary) enjoyment for a round (i.e., a year) without turning them out; yet in case they (The Arabic pronouns are in the feminine plural) go out, then there is no fault in you whatever they (The Arabic pronouns are in the feminine plural) performed with themselves (The Arabic pronouns are in the feminine plural) as beneficence; and Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

240.    And for the divorced women (there shall be) (the necessary) enjoyment with beneficence, truly (binding) on the pious.

241.    Thus, Allah makes evident His signs to you, that possibly you would consider.

242.    Have you not regarded the ones who went out of their residences and they were in thousands, wary of death. So, Allah said to them, “Die.” Thereafter He gave them life. Surely Allah is indeed The Owner of Grace over mankind, but most of mankind do not thank (Him).

243.    And fight in the way of Allah and know that Allah is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

244.    Who is he who will lend Allah a fair loan, so He will double it for him manifold? And Allah grasps and outspreads; and to Him you will be returned.

245.  Have you not regarded the chiefs of the Seeds (Or: sons) of Israel) even after Műsa, (Moses) as they said to a Prophet of theirs, “Send forth for us a king, (so that) we would fight in the way of Allah.”He said, ” Might it be that in case fighting is prescribed for you, you would not fight?” They said, “How is it that we would not fight in the way of Allah, and we have already been driven out of our residences and sons?” Yet, when fighting was prescribed for them, they turned away, except a few of them; and Allah is Ever-Knowing of the unjust.

246.  And their Prophet said to them, “Surely Allah has already sent forth Talűt (Saul) for you as a king.” They said, “However could he have kingship over us, and we have truer (right) than he of kingship, and he has not been brought affluence of wealth?” He said, “Surely Allah has elected him above you and has increased him sizably in knowledge (Literally: an outspreading of knowledge) and figure.” And Allah brings (forth) His kingship to whomever He decides, and Allah is Ever- Embracing, Ever-Knowing.

247.    And their Prophet said to them, “Surely the sign of his kingship is that the coffer (In earlier Scriptures it is said to be the “ Ark”, and Serenity is said to be “Shechina”) will come up to you; in it (are) a Serenity from your Lord, and a remnant of what the house of Műsa (Moses) and the house of Harűn (Aaron) left (behind), the Angels carrying it. Surely in that is indeed a sign for you, in case you are believers”.

248.  Then as soon as Talűt (Saul) departed with the hosts, he said, “Surely Allah will be trying you with a river; so whoever drinks of it, then he is not of me, and whoever does not taste (Literally: does not feed on it) it, then surely he is of me, excepting him who scoops up (a scoop) with his hand.” Then they drank of it except a few of them. Then, as soon as he passed over it, he and the ones who believed with him, they said, “We have no capability today against Jalűt (Goliath) and his hosts.” (But) the ones who expect that they will be meeting Allah said, “How often a little community has overcome a much (larger) community by the permission of Allah; and Allah is with the patient.”

249.  And as soon as they went forth against Jalűt (Goliath)and his hosts, they said, “Our Lord, pour out upon us patience, and make firm our feet, and give us victory over the disbelieving people!”

250.  So they routed them, by the permission of Allah, and Dawűd (David) killed Jaűlt; (Goliath) and Allah brought him the kingship, and (the) Wisdom, and He taught him (part of) whatever (knowledge) He decides. And had it not been for the repelling by Allah of mankind, some by means of others, (Literally: by means of some) the earth would indeed have corrupted; but Allah is The Owner of Grace over the worlds.

251.    Those are the signs of Allah. We recite them to you with the Truth, and surely you are indeed (one) of the Emissaries.

252.    Those are the Messengers; We have graced some of them over some others; of them (there are some) to whom Allah spoke, and some He raised in degrees. And We brought `Isa son of Maryam (Jesus son of Mary) the supreme evidences and aided him with the Spirit of Holiness. (The Angel Jibrîl) And if Allah had (so) decided, the ones who (came) after them would not have fought against each other, after the supreme evidences had come to them. But they differed among themselves. So of them are the ones who believed, and of them are the ones who disbelieved. And if Allah had (so) decided, they would not have fought against each other; but Allah performs whatever He wills.

253.    O you who have believed, expend of that which We have provided you even before there comes up a Day on which (there) will be no selling, nor (close) fellowship, nor intercession; and the disbelievers, they are the unjust.

254.     Allah. There is no god except He, The Ever-Living, The Superb Upright Sustainer. Slumber does not overtake Him, nor sleep; to Him (belongs) whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Who is there that intercedes for His Providence except by His Permission? He knows whatever is in front of them (Literally: between their hands) and whatever is behind them, and they do not encompass anything of His Knowledge except whatever He has decided. His Chair embraces the heavens and the earth; the preserving of them (Literally: them both) does not tire Him; and He is The Ever-Exalted, The Ever-Magnificent.

255.    There is no compulsion in the religion; right-mindedness has already been evidently (distinct) from misguidance. So whoever disbelieves in the Taghűt (i.e. false gods, idols, devils and seducers) and believes in Allah, then he has already upheld fast the most binding Grip, with no disjunction (ever); and Allah is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

256.     Allah is The Ever-Patronizing Patron of (the ones) who have believed. He brings them out of the darknesses into the light. And for (the ones) who have disbelieved, their constant patrons are the Taghűt (i.e. false gods, idols, devils and seducers) who bring them out of the light into the darknesses; those are the companions of the Fire; they are therein eternally (abiding).

257.    Have you not regarded him who argued with Ibrahîm (Abraham) about his Lord, that Allah had brought him the kingship? As Ibrahîm said, “My Lord is He Who gives life and makes to die, ” he said, “I give life and make to die.” Ibrahîm said, “Yet surely Allah comes up with (i.e., brings) the sun from the East, so come up with (i.e., bring) it from the West.” Then the one who disbelieved was confounded; and Allah does not guide the unjust people.

258.    Or (such as) he who passed by a town, and it was completely devastated upon its trellises. He said, “However will Allah give life to this (town) after its death?” So Allah made him die a hundred seasons; (i.e., years) thereafter He made him rise again. He Allah) said, “How long have you lingered?” He said, “I have lingered a day or part of a day.” He said, “No indeed, you have lingered a hundred seasons; So, look at your food and drink; it has not spoiled. And look at your ass, and, that We would make you a sign for mankind. And look at the bones, how We shall re-animate them, and afterwards dress them with flesh”. So, as soon as it was evident to him, he said, “I know that Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.”

259.    And as Ibrahîm (Abraham) said, “Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead.” He Allah) said, “And have you not believed?” He (Ibrahîm) said, “Yes indeed, but that my heart be composed.” Said He, “So take four of the birds, then wring them to you (and divide them); thereafter set a portion of them on every mountain; thereafter call them; they will come up to you with hasty diligence (and) know that Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.”

260.    The likeness of (the ones) who expend their riches in the way of Allah is as the likeness of a grain that grows seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains. And Allah gives manifoldly to whomever He decides; and Allah is Ever-Embracing, Ever-Knowing.

261.     (The ones) who expend their riches in the way of Allah (and) thereafter do not follow up whatever they have expended with reproach or hurt, have their reward in the Providence of their Lord, and no fear will be upon them, neither will they grieve.

262.    A beneficent saying and forgiveness are more charitable than a donation followed by hurt. And Allah is Ever-Affluent, (Literally: Ever-Rich) Ever-Forbearing.

263.    O you have believed, do not void your donations with obliging (reproach) and hurt, as one who expends his wealth (for the sake) of showing off to mankind and does not believe in Allah and the Last Day. So, the likeness of him is as the likeness of a smooth rock on which is dust, then a shower hits (Literally: afflicts) it; so it leaves (the rock) solid. They are unable (to do) anything with whatever they have earned; and Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.

264.    And the likeness of the ones who expend their riches, seeking gracious satisfaction of Allah and confirming themselves, is as the likeness of a garden upon a mound; a shower hits it, so it brings forth its crop twofold; yet in case no shower hits it, then a drizzle; and Allah is Ever-Beholding of whatever you do.

265.    Would any of you like to have a garden of palms and vineyards with rivers running from beneath it, (and) he has all (kinds) of products therein, and greatness (with years) afflicts him, and he has a weak offspring, then a whirlwind with fire therein afflicts it, so it is burned away? Thus Allah makes evident the signs to you, that possibly you would meditate.

266.    O you who have believed, expend of the good things you have earned and of what We have brought out for you from the earth, and do not have recourse to the wicked of it for your expending, and you would not take it (yourselves) except you closed an eye on it, and know that Allah is Ever-Affluent, (Literally: Ever-Reich) Ever-Praiseworthy.

267.    Ash-shaytan (The all-vicious, the Devil) promises you poverty and commands you to obscenity; and Allah promises you forgiveness from Him, and Grace; and Allah is Ever-Embracing Ever-Knowing.

268.    He brings (the) Wisdom to whomever He decides; and whoever is brought (the) Wisdom, then he has been brought much charity (i.e., benefit); and in no way does anyone constantly remember except the ones endowed with intellects.

269.    And whatever expenditure you expend or whatever vow you vow, then surely Allah knows it; and in no way (can) the unjust have any vindicators.

270.    In case you display (your) donations, then how favored (you are) by them, and in case you conceal them and bring them to the poor, then it is more charitable for you; and He will expiate for you (some) of your odious (deeds); and Allah is Ever-Cognizant of whatever you do.

271.    Their guidance is not upon you, but Allah guides whomever He decides. And whatever charity (benefit) you do expend, (then) it is for yourselves; and whatever you expend (should be) for nothing except for your seeking the Face of Allah; and whatever charity you do expend will be (paid) to you in full, and you will not be done an injustice.

272.     (It is) for the poor who are detained in the way of Allah, (and) are unable to strike (i.e. journey in the land) in the earth. The ignorant man reckons them rich because of (their) regular abstinence. You recognize them by their mark; they do not ask of mankind importunately, and whatever charity you expend, then surely Allah is Ever-Knowing of it.

273.    The ones who expend their riches by night and day time secretly and in public, then they have their reward from the Providence of their Lord, and no fear will be on them, neither will they grieve.

274.    The ones who eat (up) riba (Interest or other unlawful gain; usury) will not rise up except as he whom Ash-shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) ever smites with the touch rises up. That is because they have said, “Surely selling is only like rib'a.” And Allah has made selling lawful, and has prohibited riba.” So, he to whom an admonition has come from his Lord (and) so has refrained (in obedience), then he will have whatever is bygone, (i.e. he is forgiven for his parts gains) and his case (Literally: command, i.e. the command of Allah to him) is for Allah; and whoever goes back, then those are the companions (i.e., the inhabitants) of the Fire, and they are therein eternally (abiding).

275.     Allah expunges riba (Interest or other unlawful) and He augments donations, and Allah does not love every most disbelieving most-vicious person.

276.    Surely, (the ones) who have believed and done deeds of righteousness and kept up the prayer and brought (forth) the Zakat, (i.e. paid the poor-dues) they have their reward from the Providence of their Lord, and no fear will be on them, neither will they grieve.

277.    O you who have believed, be pious to Allah and leave behind what remains of rib'a, in case you are believers.

278.    So, in case you do not perform (that), then take notice of a war from Allah and His Messenger (against you). And in case you repent, then you will have the capitals of your riches; you will not do injustice, and you will not be done injustice.

279.    And in case any person is under difficulty, then he should (be granted) a respite to (the time of) ease; and that you donate (alms) is more charitable (i.e. more beneficial) for you, in case you know.

280.    And protect yourselves against a Day in which you will be returned to Allah. Thereafter every self will be (paid) in full what it has earned, and they will not be done injustice.

281.    O you who have believed, when you contract (i.e. when you have or contract a debt) a debt one upon another for a stated term, then write it down. And let a writer write it down between you with justice, and let not any writer refuse to write it down, as Allah has taught him. So let him write and let the one upon whom is the truthful duty of payment (i.e. the debtor) dictate, and let him be pious to Allah his Lord and not depreciate anything therein. So, in case the one upon whom is the truthful duty is foolish, or weak, or unable to dictate himself, then let his patron dictate with justice. And call in to witness two witnesses of your men; yet, in case the two are not two men, then one man and two women from among the witnesses you are satisfied with, so that (in case) one of the two women should err, then either of the two should remind the other, and let the witnesses not refuse whenever they are called (upon). And be not too loath to write it down, (whether) it is small or great, with (Literally: to is term) its term. That is more equitable in the Providence of Allah, and more upright for testimony, and likelier that you will not be suspicious. Except (when) it is commerce present that you transact among yourselves, then it shall be no fault in you if you do not write it down. And take witnesses when you sell one to another, and let not either writer or witness be harmed, and in case you perform (that), then that is evident immorality in you. And be pious to Allah, and Allah teaches you; and Allah is Ever-Knowing of everything.

282.    And in case you are on a journey and you do not find a writer, then (take) a pledge in hand. (i.e. to be paid) Yet in case some of you feel more secure with some others, (Literally: if some of you “trust” some “others”) then let him who is given the deposit pay back his deposit and let him be pious to Allah his Lord. And do not keep back the testimony; and whoever keeps it back, then surely his heart is vicious; and Allah is Ever-Knowing of whatever you do.

283.    To Allah (belongs) whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and in case you display whatever is in yourselves or conceal it, Allah makes reckoning with you for it. So He forgives whomever He decides, and torments whomever He decides, and Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.

284.    The Messenger has believed in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and the believers (believe). Every one (of them) has believed in Allah, and His Angels and His Books, and His Messengers. We make no distinction between any of His Messengers. And they have said, “We have heard, and we have obeyed. Grant (us) Your All-Supreme forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the Destiny.

285.    Allah does not charge a self (anything) except its capacity; it has whatever it has earned, and against it is whatever it has acquired. Our Lord, do not take us to task in case we forget or we make mistakes. Our Lord, and do not burden us with an obligation as You burdened (the ones) who were before us. Our Lord, and do not over-burden us with whatever is beyond our capability. And be clement towards us, and forgive us, and have mercy on us. You are our Supreme Patronizer, so give us victory over the disbelieving people.”

 

3.Surat Âl-`Imrân (The House of `Imrân)

In The Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful.

1.            Alif, Lam, Mîm. (Theses are three letters of the Arabic alphabet and only Allah Knows their meaning here)

2.            Allah, there is no god except He, The Ever-Living, The Superb Upright Sustainer.

3.            He has been sending down upon you the Book with the Truth, sincerely (verifying) what was before it (Literally: between its two hands), and He sent down the Tawrah (The Book revealed to Műsa “Moses”) and the Injil. (The Book revealed to `Isa).

4.            Earlier, as guidance to mankind, and He sent down the all-distinctive Criterion. Surely (the ones) who have disbelieved in the signs of Allah will have a strict torment, and Allah is Ever-Mighty, Owner of vengeance.

5.            Surely for Allah nothing (whatever) in the earth or in the heaven is concealed.

6.            He is (The One) Who fashions you in the wombs as He decides (i.e. in the manner He decides) There is no god except He, The Ever-Mighty, The Ever-Wise.

7.            He is The (One) Who has sent down upon you the Book, whereof are clear signs (i.e. ayat = verses) that are the Essence (Literally: the Mother) of the Book, and others cosimilar (Or: ambiguous). So, as for (the ones) in whose hearts is swerving, they ever follow whatever (parts) of it are cosimilar, (inequitably) seeking temptation (to sedition), and (inequitably) seeking its interpretation; and in no way does anyone know its interpretation except Allah. And the ones firmly established in knowledge say, “We have believed in it; all is from the Providence of our Lord.” And in no way does anyone constantly remember except the ones endowed with intellects.

8.            Our Lord, make not our hearts to swerve after that You have guided us, and bestow upon us mercy from very close to You. You, Ever You, are The One Who is The Superb Bestower.

9.            Our Lord, surely You will be gathering mankind for a Day, (and) there is no suspicion about it; surely Allah will not fail the promised (Appointment).

10.        Surely for the ones who have disbelieved, their riches will never avail them, neither their children, any thing with Allah; and those are they who will be fuel for the Fire.

11.        As was the steadfast manner of the house of Firaawn, (Pharaoh) and the ones before them (who) cried lies to Our signs, so Allah took them away for their guilty deeds; and Allah is strict in punishment.

12.        Say to the ones who have disbelieved, “You will be overcome and mustered to Hell, and miserable is the resting place!”

13.        There has already been a sign for you in the two communities that encountered, (The reference is to the Battle of Badr) one community fighting in the way of Allah and another disbelieving. They saw them twice the like of them, as the eye sees, (Literally: as the sight of the eye) and Allah aids with His victory whomever He decides. Surely in that is indeed a lesson for the ones endowed with beholdings. (Literally: eyesights).

14.        Adorned for mankind is the love of lusts, for women and seeds, (Or: sons) and heaped-up, heaps (Literally: “arched” hoarded cantars) of gold and silver, and horses of mark, and cattle and tillage. That is the enjoyment (Literally: the belongings) of the present life; (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) and Allah has in His Providence the fairest resorting.

15.        Say, “Shall I fully inform you of a more charitable (thing) (Literally: the belongings) than that? (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) For (the ones) who are pious (to Allah), from the Providence of their Lord, are Gardens from beneath which Rivers run, (abiding) eternally therein, and spouses purified, and all- blessed satisfaction from Allah; and Allah is Ever-Beholding of (His) bondmen.

16.        Who say, “Our Lord, surely we (ourselves) have believed, so forgive us our guilty (deeds), and protect us from the torment of the Fire.”

17.         (The ones who are) patient, and the sincere, and the devout, and the expenders (in the way of Allah), and (the ones who) ask forgiveness (from Allah) before dawn. (i.e. the hours before dawn)

18.        Allah bears witness that there is no god except He, and the Angels and the ones endowed with knowledge, upright with equity (bear witness). There is no god except He, The Ever-Mighty, The Ever-Wise.

19.        Surely the religion in the Providence of Allah is  Islam. And in no way did the ones to whom the Book was brought differ (among themselves) except even after the knowledge came to them, being inequitable among themselves. And whoever disbelieves in the signs of Allah, then surely Allah is swift at the reckoning.

20.        So, in case they argue with you, then say, “I have surrendered my face to Allah and whoever closely follows me (has surrendered his face to Allah).” And say to the ones to whom the Book was brought and to the common folk, (The pagans) “Have you surrendered (too)?” So, in case they have surrendered, then they are (rightly) guided; and in case they turn away, then surely you have only the proclamation (of the Message). And Allah is Ever-Beholding of (His) bondmen.

21.        Surely (the ones) who disbelieve in the signs of Allah, and kill the Prophets untruthfully, and kill the ones of mankind who command for equity, then give them the tidings (Literally: the good tidings) of a painful torment.

22.        Those are they whose deeds have been frustrated in the present (life) (Literally: the lowly life i.e., the life of this world) and the Hereafter, and in no way do they have any vindicators.

23.        Have you not regarded the ones who were brought an assignment of the Book, being called to the Book of Allah, that it may judge between them? Thereafter a group of them turn back, and they are veering away (from it).

24.        That (is) for that they said, “The Fire will never touch us, except for a (prescribed) number of days.” And whatever (lies) they used to fabricate deluded them in their religion.

25.        So, how (will it be) when We have gathered them for a Day. There is no suspicion about it, and every self will be paid in full whatever it has earned, and they will not be done an injustice.

26.        Say, “O Allah, (The Arabic word has the supplication suffix umma) Possessor of the Kingship, You bring the kingship to whomever You decide, and You draw (Literally: pluck out) the kingship from whomever You decide, and You render mighty whomever You decide, and You humiliate whomever You decide. In Your Hand is (the) Charity; (i.e., the choicest) surely You are Ever-Determiner over everything.

27.        You insert the night into the daytime and You insert the daytime into the night, and You bring the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living, and You provide whomever You decide without reckoning.”

28.        The believers should not take to themselves the disbelievers for constant patrons, apart from (i.e. rather than) the believers; and he who performs that, (then) he has nothing (to look to) from Allah, excepting that you may protect yourselves against them (in manner) of protection. And Allah bids you beware Himself; and to Allah is the Destiny.

29.        Say, “In case you conceal whatever is in your breasts or display it, Allah knows it, and He knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And ة Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.

30.        The Day every self will find whatever it has done of charity presented (forward); and whatever it has done of odious (deeds), it would like that there were a far span between it and (such deeds). (Or: between it and that Day) And Allah bids you beware Himself, and Allah is Ever-Compassionate with (His) bondmen.

31.        Say, “in case you (really) love Allah, then closely follow me, (and) Allah will love you and forgive you your guilty (deeds); and Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.”

32.        Say, “Obey Allah and the Messenger.”Yet in case they turn away, then surely Allah does not love the disbelievers.

33.    Surely Allah has elected Adam and Nűh (Adam and Noah, respectively) and the house of Ibrahîm (Abraham) and the house of Imran over the worlds.

34.        An offspring of one another, (Literally: some of them from some “others) and Allah is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

35.        As the wife of Imran said, “Lord! Surely I have vowed to you what is in my belly in dedication; so (graciously) accept (it) from me. Surely You, (Ever) You, are The Ever-Hearing, The Ever-Knowing.”

36.        So, as soon as she brought her forth, (i.e. gave birth to her) she said, “Lord! Surely I have brought her forth, a female.” And Allah knows best what she brought forth, and the male is not as the female. “And surely I have named her Maryam. (Mary) And surely I take refuge with You for her and her offspring from the outcast Ash- shaytan.” (The all vicious, i.e., the Devil)

37.        Then, her Lord graciously accepted her with fair acceptance, and caused her to grow a fair growth, and He made Zakariyya (Zechariah) her sponsor. Whenever Zakariyya entered the Chamber to her, he found (a) provision in her presence. He said, “O Maryam, however does this (come) to you?” She said, “It is from the Providence of Allah; surely Allah provides whomever He decides without reckoning.”

38.        Thereover Zakariyya (Zechariah) invoked his Lord (and) said, “Lord! Bestow upon me from very close to You a goodly offspring. Surely You are The Ever-Hearer of invocation.”

39.        So, the Angels called out to him (as) he was upright praying in the Chamber, ” Allah gives you the good tidings of Yahya, (John) sincerely (verifying previous scriptures) with a Word from Allah, and a master, and chaste, and a Prophet, one of the righteous.”

40.        He said, “Lord! However will I have a youth, and age (Literally: great (with years) has already reached me and my wife is barren?” He (i.e. the angel) said, “Thus Allah performs whatever He decides.”

41.        He (Zakariyya) said, “Lord! Set for me a sign.” He said, “Your sign is that you will not speak to mankind for three days, except by tokens. And remember your Lord much, and extol (Him) at nightfall and before the risings of the sun.”

42.        And as the Angels said, “O Maryam, (Mary) surely Allah has elected you and purified you and has elected you over the women of the worlds.

43.        O Maryam, (Mary) be devout to your Lord, and prostrate yourself and bow down with the ones who bow down (for Him).”

44.        That is of the tidings of the Unseen. We reveal it to you; and in no way were you close to them as they were casting quills (Literally: pens) (to determine) which of them should sponsor Maryam, (Mary) and in no way were you close to them as they took adverse stands (about that) (and).

45.        As the Angels said, “O Maryam, (Mary) surely Allah gives you good tidings of a Word from Him whose name is the Masîh `Isa (Literally: pens) son of Maryam, esteemed in the present (life) (Literally: the lowly “life”, i.e., the life of this world) and the Hereafter, and one of the near -stationed (i.e., stationed near to’ Allah).

46.        And he will speak to mankind in the cradle and in maturity and will be one of the righteous.”

47.        She said, “Lord! However will I have a child, and no mortal has touched me?” He said, “Thus Allah creates whatever He decides. When He has decreed a Command, then He only says to it, Be! so it is!.”

48.        And He will teach him the Book, and (the) Wisdom, and the Tawrah (The Book revealed to Műsa “Moses”, of which the extant Torah is a corruption) and the Injil (The Book revealed to `Isa “Jesus”, of which the extant Gospel is a corruption).

49.        And a Messenger to the Seeds (Or: sons) of Israel) (saying) that, “I have already come to you with a sign from your Lord that I create for you out of clay as the semblance of a bird, then I blow into it, so it is a bird by the permission of Allah; and I heal him (who was born) blind and the leper, and give life to the dead by the permission of Allah; and I (fully) inform you of what things you eat, and what you (safely) store in your homes. Surely in that is indeed a sign for you, in case you are (true) believers.

50.        And (I have came) sincerely (verifying) what was before me (Literally: between my two hands) of the Tawrah, (The Book revealed to Műsa “Moses”, of which the extant Torah is a corruption) and to make lawful some of that which was prohibited to you. And I have come to you with a sign from your Lord. So be pious to Allah and obey me.

51.        Surely Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. This is a straight Path”.

52.        So, as soon as `Isa (Jesus) perceived disbelief among them, he said, “Who are my ready vindicators to Allah?” (i.e., in the cause of Allah) The Disciples said, ” We are the ready vindicators to Allah; we have believed in Allah, and bear (you) witness that we are Muslims.

53.        Our Lord, we have believed in what You have sent down, and we have closely followed the Messenger, so write us down with (the ones) who bear witness.”

54.        And they schemed, and Allah schemed, and Allah is The Most Charitable of schemers.

55.        As Allah said, “O `Isa, (Jesus) surely I am taking you up to Me, and I am raising you up to Me, and I am purifying you of the ones who have disbelieved. And I am making the ones who have closely followed you above the ones who have disbelieved until the Day of the Resurrection. Thereafter to Me will be your return; so I will judge between you as to whatever you used to differ in.

56.        So, as for the ones who have disbelieved, then I will torment them a strict torment in the present (life) (Literally: the lowly “life”, i.e., the truth) and the Hereafter; and in no way will they have any vindicators.”

57.        And as for the ones who have believed and done deeds of righteousness, then He will pay them in full their rewards, and Allah does not love the unjust.

58.        This We recite to you of the signs and the Wise Remembrance.

59.        Surely the likeness of `Isa (Jesus) in the Providence of Allah is as the likeness of Adam. He Allah) created him of dust, thereafter He said to him, “Be!” so he is (i.e., he was).

60.        The Truth is from your Lord, so do not be of the constant wranglers.

61.        So, whoever argues with you concerning him, (Or: it, i.e., the truth) even after (such) knowledge as has come to you, then say, “Come! We should call our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves; thereafter we should imprecate, (and) so lay (Literally: make) the curse of Allah on the liars.”

62.        Surely this is indeed the true narrative; and in no way is there any god except Allah; and surely Allah indeed, Ever He, is The Ever-Mighty, The Ever-Wise.

63.        So, in case they turn away, then surely Allah is Ever-Knowing of the corruptors.

64.        Say, “O population of the Book, (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and christians) come to a level word between us and you, that we worship none except Allah, and that we do not associate anything with Him, and that some of us do not take to themselves others (Literally: some “others”) as lords, apart from Allah.” So, in case they turn away, then say, “Bear witness that we are Muslims.” (Literally: we have surrendered “to Allah”).

65.        O population of the Book, why do you argue about Ibrahîm? And in no way were the Tawrah (The Book revealed to Műsa “Moses”) and the Injil (The Book revealed to `Isa “Jesus”) sent down except even after him. Do you not then consider?

66.        Now you are the ones who have argued about what you have (some) knowledge (of); so, why do you argue about what you have no knowledge (of); and Allah knows and you do not know.

67.        In no way was Ibrahîm a Jew, neither a Christian; (i.e. a follower of `Isa “Jesus”, Nasraniyyan) but he was an unswervingly (upright) (i.e. veering away from idolatry) Muslim; and in no way was he one of the associators (Those who associate others with Allah).

68.    Surely the ones of mankind who are most deserving of Ibrahîms patronage are indeed the ones who closely followed him, and this Prophet, and the ones who have believed; and Allah is the Ever-Patronizing Patron of the believers.

69.        A section of the population of the Book (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and christians) would like to lead you into error; and in no way do they lead anyone into error except themselves, and in no way are they aware of it.

70.        O population of the Book, (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) why do you disbelieve in the signs of Allah, and you witness (them)?

71.        O population of the Book, (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) why do you confound the Truth with the untruth and keep back the Truth, and you know (that)?

72.        And a section of the population of the Book (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) said, “Believe in that which has been sent down upon the ones who have believed in the early part (Literally: the face of the daytime) of the daytime and disbelieve at the last part of it, that possibly they would return (i.e. to your religion).

73.        And do not believe anyone except him who has followed your religion.” Say, “Surely the guidance is the guidance of Allah, ”- that anyone should be brought the like of what you have been brought, or that they would argue against you in the (Meeting) with your Lord. Say, “Surely Grace is in the Hand of Allah; He brings it to whomever He decides; and Allah is Ever- Embracing, Ever-Knowing.”

74.        He appropriates of His mercy to whomever He decides; and Allah is The Owner of the magnificent Grace.

75.        And of the population of the Book is he who, in case you put in his custody a hundred- weight, (Literally: a Kantar) will pay it back to you; and of them is he who, if you put in his custody one dinar, will not pay it back to you, except as long as you are upright over him. (Or: over it) That (is) so because they said, “There is no way over us as to the common folk.” (i.e., the illiterates or the Gentiles) And they say lies against Allah, and they know (that).

76.        Yes indeed, (but) whoever fulfils his covenant and is pious (to Allah), then surely Allah loves the pious.

77.        Surely the ones who trade the covenant of Allah and their oaths for a little price, those will have no apportioning in the Hereafter, and Allah will not speak to them, nor look upon them on the Day of the Resurrection, nor will He cleanse them; and they will have a painful torment.

78.        And surely (there is) indeed a group of them who twist their tongues with the Book that you may reckon it a (part) of the Book, and in no way is it a (part) of the Book, And they say, “It is from the Providence of Allah, ” and in no way is it from the Providence of Allah; and they say lies against Allah, and they know (that).

79.        In no way should a mortal (to whom) Allah brings the Book and the Judgment and the Prophethood thereafter say to mankind, “Be bondmen to me, apart from Allah.” But, (i.e. But he should say) “Be lordly (i.e. teachers of Divine Law and worshipers of Allah) in that you used to teach the Book and in that you used to study (it).”

80.        And he (i.e. any religious Messenger) should not command you to take the Angels and Prophets to yourselves as lords. Would he command you to (adopt) disbelief after you have (become) Muslims? (i.e. have surrendered “to).

81.        And as Allah took compact with the Prophets (that), “Indeed, whatever I bring you of Book and Wisdom, thereafter a Messenger comes to you sincerely verifying what is with you, indeed you shall definitely believe in him, and indeed you shall definitely vindicate him.” He (i.e., Allah) said, “Do you ratify (that)? And do you take My obligation on those (conditions)?” They said, “We have ratified (that).” He said, “Then, bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses.”

82.        So whoever turns away after that, then those are they (who) are the immoral.

83.        Do they then (inequitably) seek other than the religion of Allah, and to Him has surrendered whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly and unwillingly, and to Him they will be returned?

84.        Say, “We have believed in Allah, and in whatever has been sent down on us, and whatever was sent down on Ibrahîm and Isma`îl and Ishâq and Ya`qűb, (Abraham, Ishmael, `Isaac and Jacob, respectively) and the Grandsons, (i.e. the Tribes) and in whatever was brought to Műsa and `Isa (Moses and Jesus, respectively) and the Prophets from their Lord; we make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we are Muslims” (i.e. we surrender).

85.        And whoever inequitably seeks for himself as a religion other than  Islam, then it will never be accepted from him, and in the Hereafter (he) will be among the losers.

86.        How does Allah guide a people who have disbelieved after their belief, and bore witness that the Messenger is true, and the supreme evidences came to them? And Allah does not guide the unjust people.

87.        Those will have their recompense in (that there will rest) on them the curse of Allah and of the Angels and of mankind all together,

88.        Eternally (abiding) therein. The torment will not be lightened for them, and they will not be respited.

89.        Except for the ones who repent even after that and act righteously; (only) then, surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

90.        Surely the ones who have disbelieved after their belief, thereafter have increased in disbelief, their repentance will never be accepted, and those are they (who) are the erring ones.

91.        Surely the ones who have disbelieved and died (when) they are steadfast disbelievers, then (there) will never be accepted from any one of them the (whole) earth full of gold, even if he would ransom himself thereby. Those will have a painful torment, and in no way will they have any vindicators.

92.        You will never attain benignancy until you expend of whatever you love; and whatever thing you expend, then surely Allah is Ever-Knowing of it.

93.        All food was rightly lawful to the Seeds (Or: Sons) of Israel) except what prohibited for himself even before the Tawrah (The Book revealed to Műsa: Moses) was being sent down. Say, “So come up with Tawrah, then recite it, in case you are sincere.”

94.        So whoever fabricates lies against Allah even after that, then those are they (who are) the unjust.

95.        Say, ” Allah has (spoken) sincerely, so closely follow the creed of Ibrahîm, (Abraham) the unswervingly (upright) (i.e., veering away from idolatry) and in no way was he one of the associators.” (i.e., those who associate others with Allah)

96.        Surely the first Home laid down for mankind was indeed at Bakkah, (Another name of Makkah) a blessed (place) and a guidance to the worlds.

97.        Therein are supremely evident signs: the station of Ibrahîm. (Abraham) And whoever enters it is secure. And it is (a duty) upon mankind towards Allah (to come) to the Home on Pilgrimage, for whomever is able to make a way to it. And (as for) him who has disbelieved, then surely Allah is Ever-Affluent, (Literally: Ever-Rich) (dispensing) with the worlds.

98.        Say, “O Population of the Book, (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) why do you disbelieve in the signs of Allah, and Allah is Ever-Witness of whatever you do?”

99.        Say, “O Population of the Book, (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) why do you bar from the way of Allah him who has believed (while you) inequitably seek to make it crooked, and you are witnesses?” And in no way is Allah ever heedless of whatever you do.

100.    O you who have believed, in case you obey a group of the ones who were brought the Book, they will turn you back after your belief into disbelievers.

101.    And how can you disbelieve, and the ayat (i.e., signs or verses) of Allah are recited to you, and His Messenger is among you? And whoever firmly adheres to Allah, then he is already guided to a straight Path.

102.    O you have believed, be pious to Allah with His true piety, and definitely do not die except as Muslims.

103.    And adhere firmly to the Rope (i.e. the Covenant of Allah=the Qur’an) of Allah, altogether, and do not be disunited; and remember the favor of Allah upon you as you were enemies, then He brought your hearts together, (Literally: joined “between”) so you have become brethren by His favor. And you were upon the brink of a hole of the Fire, so He rescued you from it. Thus Allah makes evident His signs to you, that possibly you would be guided.

104.    And let (i.e. there shall indeed be. the Arabic is emphatic) there be a nation of you (who) call to charity, and command beneficence, and forbid maleficence; and those are they (who are) the prosperers.

105.    And do not be as the ones who were disunited and differed (among themselves), even after the supreme evidences came to them. And those will have a tremendous torment.

106.    The Day when (some) faces are whitened, and (some) faces blackened. Then, as for the ones whose faces are blackened- “Did you disbelieve after your belief? Then taste the torment for that you disbelieved.”

107.    And as for the ones whose faces are whitened, they will be in the mercy of Allah, they are therein eternally (abiding).

108.    Those are the ayat (i.e., signs or verses) of Allah; We recite them to you with the Truth; and in no way does Allah will injustice to the worlds.

109.    And to Allah (belongs) whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and to Allah all Commands are returned.

110.    You have been the most charitable nation brought out to mankind: you command beneficence, and forbid maleficence, and believe in Allah. And if the population of the Book (Or: Family of the Book; i.e., the Jews and Christians) believed, it would indeed have been charitable for them; (some) of them are the believers, and the majority of them are the immoral.

111.  111. They will never harm you except a (little) hurt; and in case they fight you, they will tur n on you their backs; (Literally: their hind parts) thereafter they will not be granted victory.

112.    Humiliation has been stricken upon them wherever they were caught, except they be with a Rope (i.e., the Covenant of Allah “the Qur’an and Sunnah) from Allah and a rope (i.e., a bond of other nations) from mankind. And they have incurred anger from Allah and have been stricken with indigence. That (is) because they used to disbelieve in the signs of Allah and to kill the Prophesiers (i.e., the Prophets) untruthfully; (i.e., without right) that (is) because they disobeyed and they were transgressing.

113.    They are not (all) equal. Of the population of the Book (Or: Family of the Book; i.e., the Jews and Christians) is an upright nation (who) recite the signs (i.e., verses) of Allah at various times of the night as they prostrate themselves (to Him).

114.    They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and command beneficence, and forbid maleficence, and vie swiftly in charitable deeds; and those are of the righteous.

115.    And whatever charity they perform, (then) they will never be d`Isavowed (the reward of it), and Allah is Ever-Knowing of the pious.

116.    Surely the ones who have disbelieved, their riches will never avail them, neither their children, anything against Allah; and those are the companions (i.e., the inhabitants) of the Fire, and they are therein eternally (abiding).

117.    The likeness of whatever they expend in this present life (Literally: the lowly “life”, i.e., the life of this world) is as the likeness of a wind wherein there is clamoring cold that afflicted the tillage of a people who did injustice to themselves, and so it did cause it to perish. And in no way did Allah do any injustice to them but they did injustice to themselves.

118.    O you who have believed, do not take to yourselves retainers, apart from your (people); they spare nothing to (cause) confusion to you; they would like to (bring you) whatever distresses you. Abhorrence has already been displayed of their mouths, and whatever their breasts conceal is (still) greater. We have already made evident to you the signs, in case you consider.

119.    Now, you are those ones who love them, and they do not love you, and you believe in the Book, all of it. And when they meet you, they say, “We have believed.” And when they go away in private, they bite at you their finger-tips in rage. Say, “Die in your rage; surely Allah is Ever-Knowing of the inmost (thoughts) in the breasts “ (Literally: what the breasts own).

120.    In case a fair (reward) touches you, (i.e. the believers) it vexes them; and in case an odious (d`Isadvantage) afflicts you, they exult with it. And in case you are patient and pious, their plotting will harm you nothing. Surely Allah is Supremely Encompassing of whatever they do.

121.    And (remember) as you went forth early from your family to locate the believers in their positions (Literally: seats) for fighting; (The reference is to the Battle of’ Uhud) and Allah is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

122.     (Remember) as two sections of you were about to be disheartened, and Allah is their Ever- Patronizing Patron; and on Allah let the believers then put their trust.

123.    And indeed Allah readily granted you victory at Badr, and you were humble; so be pious to Allah, that possibly you would thank (Him).

124.    As you said to the believers, “Is it never sufficient for you that your Lord should supply you with three thousand of the Angels sent down (upon you)?”

125.    Yes indeed, in case you are patient and pious, and (the enemy) comes up (against) you instantly, (Literally: this instant of theirs) your Lord will supply you with five thousand of the Angels, markedly swooping.

126.    And in no way has Allah made (this supply) except as good tidings to you and that thereby your hearts may be composed; and in no way does victory (come) except from the Providence of Allah, The Ever-Mighty, The Ever-Wise.

127.    That He may cut off a fringe of the ones who have disbelieved or suppress them, so they would turn over d`Isappointed.

128.    You have nothing to do concerning the Command, (i.e. My Command) whether He relents towards them or torments them, as surely they are unjust.

129.    And to Allah (belongs) whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. He forgives whomever He decides and torments whomever He decides; and Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

130.    O you who have believed, do not eat riba, (i.e., usury; interest and other unlawful gains) doubled (and) redoubled, and be pious to Allah that possibly you would prosper.

131.    And protect yourselves from the Fire that is prepared for the disbelievers.

132.    And obey Allah and the Messenger that possibly you would be granted mercy.

133.    And vie swiftly with one another for forgiveness from your Lord and for a Garden whose breadth is the heavens and the earth, prepared for the pious.

134.    Who expend in easiness and tribulation, and (are) the repressors of (their) rage, and are the clement towards (their) fellow-men; (Literally: mankind) and Allah loves the fair-doers.

135.    And who, when they (perform) an obscenity or do an injustice to themselves, remember Allah, and so they ask forgiveness for their guilty deeds- and who forgives guilty deeds except Allah (only)? - and who do not persist in the actions they performed, and they know (that).

136.    Those will have their recompense (as) forgiveness from their Lord and Gardens from beneath which rivers run, eternally (abiding) therein; and excellent (Literally: favorable) is the reward of the (fair) doers!

137.    Enactments (Reward for good or punishment for evil) have already passed away before you; so travel in the earth, then look into how was the end of the beliers.

138.    This is an evidence for mankind and a guidance and an admonition for the pious.

139.    And do not feel feeble nor grieve; and you are the most exalted in case you are believers.

140.  In case a blow touches you, (This refers to the Battle of Uhud) then a like blow has already touched the (disbelieving) people. And such days We interchange (i.e. the change of fortune) among mankind and that Allah may know (the ones) who have believed and take to Him martyr-witnesses from among you; and Allah does not love the unjust.

141.    And that Allah may prove (i.e. purge them by clearing out the hypocrites and confirming the believers) (the ones) who have believed and expunge the disbelievers.

142.    Or (even) did you reckon that you would enter the Garden and Allah does not as yet know (i.e., has not yet proved, tested) who of you have striven, and that He may know the patient?

143.    And indeed you readily coveted death even before you met it; then you have already seen it, and you were looking (at it).

144.    And in no way is Muhammad (anything) except a Messenger; the Messengers have already passed away before him. Then, will it be that, in case he dies or is killed, will you turn (Literally: turn (s) over on) on your heels? And whoever turns (Literally: turn (s) over on) on his heels, then he will never harm Allah in anything; and Allah will recompense the thankful.

145.    And in no way is a self to die except by the permission of Allah, at an appointed term; (Literally: an appointed book) and whoever is willing to have the requital of the present (life), (Literally: this lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) We will bring him of it; and whoever is willing to have the requital of the Hereafter, We will bring him of it; and We will soon recompense the thankful.

146.    And similarly many a Prophet there has been along with whom myriads manifold have fought; so in no way did they feel feeble for whatever afflicted them in the way of Allah, and in no way did they weaken, and in no way did they yield themselves; and Allah loves the patient.

147.    And in no way was their saying anything except that they said, “Our Lord, forgive us our guilty (deeds), and our extravagance in our Command, (Your Command to us) and make firm our feet, and vindicate us over the disbelieving people.”

148.    So Allah has brought them the requital of the present (life), (Literally: this lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) and the fairest requital of the Hereafter; and Allah loves the fair-doers.

149.    O you who have believed, in case you obey the ones who have disbelieved, they will turn you back on your heels; so you turn over, losers.

150.    No indeed, (but) Allah is your Supreme Patronizer, and He is The Most Charitable of vindicators.

151.    We will soon cast in (to) the hearts of the ones who have disbelieved horror for whatever they associated with Allah for which He has not sent down an all-binding authority; and their abode will be the Fire, and miserable is the lodging of the unjust!

152.    And indeed Allah has already sincerely (made good) His promise (Literally: was truly sincere in His promise) to you as you overwhelmed them by His permission until you were disheartened and contended together about the Command (i.e. the Command of Allah) and disobeyed (i.e. disobeyed the Messenger) even after He had shown you what you love (The reference is to the Battle of ’Uhud when the archers deserted their posts to share in the spoils). Some of you (there were) who would have the present (life) (Literally: the lowly (life), i.e., life of this world) and some of you (there were) who would have the Hereafter. Thereafter He has made you turn about away from them, that he may try you. And He has already been clement towards you; and Allah is The Owner of Grace upon the believers.

153.    As you were mounting and did not twist about for anyone, and the Messenger was calling you in your rear, so He requited you with suffering for suffering that you might not grieve for whatever eluded you nor for what afflicted you; and Allah is Ever-Cognizant of whatever you do.

154.  154. Thereafter He sent down upon you, even after suffering, secure (reassurance), a drowsiness enveloping a section of you; and a section already (became) anxious, surmising other than the truth about Allah, the surmise (s) of (pagan) ignorance. They say, “Have we anything to do with the Command?” Say, “Surely the Command is entirely to Allah.” They conceal within themselves what they do not display to you; they say, “If we had had anything to do with the Command, we would not have been killed here now.” Say, “If you had been in your homes, the ones for whom killing was prescribed would indeed have gone forth to their recumbencies.” And that (is so that) Allah might try whatever was in your breasts, and that He might prove whatever is in your hearts; and Allah is Ever-Knowing of whatever is within the breasts (Literally: what the breasts own).

155.    Surely the ones of you who turned away the day the two gatherings encountered, surely it was only that Ash-shaytan (The ever-vicious, i.e., the Devil) made them slide back for some of that which they had earned; and Allah has indeed already been clement towards them. Surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Forbearing.

156.    O you who have believed, do not be as the ones who have disbelieved and have said to their brethren when they strike in the earth (i.e. journey in the land) or are upon expeditions, “If they had been in our presence, they would not have died and not been killed.” that (is so that) Allah may make that a regret in their hearts. And Allah gives life and makes to die, and Allah is Ever-Beholding of whatever you do.

157.    And indeed in case you are killed in the way of Allah or die, indeed forgiveness from Allah and mercy are more charitable than whatever they (heap) together.

158.    And indeed in case you die or are killed, indeed to Allah you will be mustered.

159.    So it was by (some) mercy from Allah that you have been lenient with them; and if you had been stern (and) harsh of heart, they would indeed have broken away from round about you. So be clement towards them, and ask forgiveness for them, and take counsel of them in the command. Yet when you are resolved, then put your trust in Allah; surely Allah loves the (ones) trusting (in Him).

160.    In case Allah grants you victory, then none can overcome you, (Literally: none can be your over comer) and in case He abandons you, who then can give you victory after Him? And in (Literally: on) Allah let the believers put their trust.

161.    And in no way has a Prophet (the right) to exploit. And whoever exploits will come up with whatever he exploited on the Day of the Resurrection; thereafter every self will be paid in full whatever it has earned, and they will not be done an injustice.

162.    Then is he who closely follows the all-blessed satisfaction of Allah like him who has drawn upon (himself) wrath from Allah and whose abode is Hell? And miserable is the Destiny!

163.    They are degrees (of honor) in the Providence of Allah; and Allah is Ever-Beholding of whatever they do.

164.     Allah has indeed already been bounteous to the believers as He sent forth among them a Messenger from (among) themselves (who) recites to them His ayat (i.e., signs, verses) and cleanses them, and teaches them the Book and (the) Wisdom; and decidedly they were earlier indeed in evident error.

165.    And is it that as soon as an affliction befell (Literally: afflicted) you, (and) you had already afflicted (i.e. afflicted) twice over the like of it, did you say, “However is this?” Say, “It is from your own selves; surely Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.”

166.    And what afflicted you, the day the two gatherings encountered, was then by the permission of Allah and that He might know the believers.

167.    And that He might know the ones who acted the hypocrite (Literally: hypocrised) and to whom it was said, “Come, fight in the way of Allah or repel (the enemy).” They said, “If we knew (about) fighting, we would indeed closely follow you.” They, upon that day were nearer to disbelief than to belief; they say with their mouths that which is not in their hearts; and Allah best knows whatever (secrets) they keep back.

168.    Who said to their brethren, (i.e. after they returned from fighting) and they (i.e. the hypocrites) (themselves) sat back, “If they had obeyed us, they would not have been killed.” Say, “Then parry yourselves away from death in case you are (truly) sincere.”

169.    And do not ever reckon the ones who have been killed in the way of Allah (as) dead; no indeed, they are alive in the Providence of their Lord, by Him provided.

170.    Exulting with what Allah has brought them of His Grace, and cheered at the tidings (are) the ones who have not yet joined them, (who are) behind them that no fear shall be on them, nor will they grieve.

171.    They are cheered at the tidings of favor from Allah and (His) Grace and that Allah leaves not to waste the reward of the believers.

172.    The ones who responded to Allah and the Messenger even after the blow had afflicted them, to the ones of them who did fair (deeds) and were pious will be a magnificent reward.

173.  173 .The ones to whom the multitude (Literally: mankind) said, “Surely the multitude have already gathered against you, so be apprehensive of them.” Yet, it increased them in belief, and they said, “ Allah is The Reckoner enough for us, and how excellent is The Ever-Trusted Trustee!”

174.    So they turned over (Or: turned around) with favor from Allah and (His) Grace; no odious (d`Isadvantage) did touch them; and they followed closely the all-blessed Satisfaction of Allah; and Allah is The of Owner of magnificent Grace.

175.    Surely that is only Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious; i.e., the devil) frightening his patronized ones, so do not fear them and fear Me in case you are believers.

176.    And let them that vie swiftly in disbelief not grieve you surely they will never harm Allah anything; Allah wills that He will set them no portion in the Hereafter, and they will have a tremendous torment.

177.    Surely the ones who have traded disbelief (at the price) of belief will never harm Allah anything, and they will have a painful torment.

178.    And definitely let not the ones who have disbelieved reckon that We reprieve them only (because) it is charitable for themselves; surely We only reprieve them that they might increase in vice, and they will have a degrading torment.

179.    In no way indeed will Allah leave out the believers in whatever (state) you are till He discriminates the wicked from good, and in no way indeed will Allah (allow you) to view the Unseen; but Allah selects out of His Messengers whom He decides. So believe in Allah and His Messengers, and in case you believe and are pious, then there will be for you a magnificent reward.

180.    And definitely let not the ones who are miserly with what Allah has brought them of His Grace reckon that it is charitable for them. No indeed, it is an evil (thing) for them. They will have wrapped (about their necks) whatever they were miserly with, on the Day of the Resurrection, and to Allah is the inheritance of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is Ever-Cognizant of whatever you do.

181.    Indeed Allah has already heard the saying of the ones who said, “Surely Allah is poor and we are rich.” We will write down what they have said, and their killing of the Prophesiers (i.e., the prophets) untruthfully, (i.e. without right) and We will say, “Taste the torment of the burning.”

182.    That (is) for what your hands have forwarded and that Allah is not unjust (The Arabic adjective here is in the strong from) to (His) slaves.

183.    The ones who said, “Surely Allah has covenanted (with) us that we (should) not believe any Messenger until he comes up to us with an all-sanctified sacrifice to be eaten (up) by fire.” Say, “Messengers even before me already came to you with supreme evidences and with that which you said. Why then did you kill them in case you are sincere?”

184.    So, in case they cry lies to you, then lies were cried to Messengers before you (who) came with the supreme evidences, and the Scriptures, (Zubur, pI. of Zabűr, sometimes understood as the Psalms) and the Enlightening Book.

185.    Every self will be tasting death, and surely you will be paid your rewards in full only on the Day of the Resurrection. So, whoever is moved away from the Fire and caused to enter the Garden, then he has already triumphed; and in no way is the present life (Literally:, the lower (life), i.e., the life of this world) anything except the enjoyment of delusion.

186.    Indeed you will definitely be tried in your riches and your selves and indeed you will definitely hear much hurt from the ones to whom the Book was brought even before you, and from (the ones) who have associated; (i.e. have associated others with Allah) and in case you are patient and pious, then surely that is (an indication) of (true) resolve concerning His (i.e. the Commands of Allah) Commands.

187.    And as Allah took Compact with the ones to whom the Book was brought: “Indeed you shall definitely make it evident to mankind and not keep it back.” Yet, they flung it off beyond their backs and traded it for a little price. Miserable then is that which they traded!

188.    Definitely do not reckon that the ones who exult with what they have come up with and love to be praised for what they have not performed, so definitely do not reckon them exempted (i.e., that they will have a place of safety, or triumph) from torment, and they will have a painful torment.

189.    And to Allah (belongs) the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.

190.    Surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and in the alternation of (Or: differences) the night and the daytime there are signs indeed for ones endowed with intellects.

191.    The ones who remember Allah, upright and seated and on their sides, and meditate upon the creation of the heavens and the earth: “Our Lord, in no way have You created this untruthfully. All Extolment be to You! So protect us from the torment of the Fire!

192.    Our Lord, surely whoever You cause to enter the Fire, him then You have readily disgraced; and in no way will the unjust have any ready vindicators.

193.    Our Lord, surely we (ourselves) have heard a caller calling out to (us) to belief, “Believe in your Lord.” So we have believed. Our Lord, so forgive us our guilty (deeds), and expiate for us our odious deeds, and take us to You with the ever benign (ones).

194.    Our Lord, and bring us what You have promised us by Your Messengers, and do not disgrace us on the Day of the Resurrection; surely You do not fail the Promised Appointment.”

195.    Then their Lord responded to them, “I do not waste the deed of any doer among you, any male or female. The one of you is as the other (Literally: some of you from some others). So, the ones who emigrated, and were driven out of their residences, and were hurt in My way, and fought, and were killed, indeed I will definitely expiate them of their odious deeds, and indeed I will definitely cause them to enter Gardens from beneath which Rivers run.” A requital from (the Providence of) Allah; and Allah has in His Providence the fairest requital.

196.    Definitely let not the moving about in the lands on the part of the ones who have disbelieved delude you.

197.    A little enjoyment, thereafter their abode will be Hell, and miserable is the restingplace!

198.    But (the ones) who are pious to their Lord will have Gardens from beneath which Rivers run, eternally (abiding) therein, a hospitality from the Providence of Allah. And whatever is in the Providence of Allah is the most charitable for the benign.

199.    And surely there are (some) of the Population of the Book (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) who indeed believe in Allah, and what has been sent down to you, and what has been sent down to them, being submissive to Allah; they do not trade the signs of Allah for a little price. Those have their reward in the Providence of their Lord; surely Allah is swift at the reckoning.

200.    O you who have believed, be patient, and vie in patience, and be garrisoned (i.e., Keep a standing army ready to defend you) and be pious to Allah, that possibly you would prosper.

 

 

4.Surat An-Nisâ'  (Women)

In The Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful.

1.            O you mankind, be pious to your Lord, Who created you of one self, and created from it its spouse, and from the two disseminated many men and women; and be pious to Allah, about Whom you ask one another, and to the wombs; (i.e., be pious to the relatives) surely Allah has been Ever-Watchful over you.

2.            And bring the orphans their riches, and do not exchange the wicked (you have) for the good (they own); and do not eat up their riches with your riches; surely that is a great outrage.

3.            And, in case you fear that you will not act equitably towards the orphans, then marry such women as is good to you, two, three, four, (Literally: in twos and threes and fours) then, in case you fear that you will not do justice, then one (only), or what your right hands possess. That (way) is likelier you will not be in want (Or: you will have too many dependents).

4.            And bring the women their dowries as an endowment, so in case they are good to you concerning any portion of it, (Literally: in case they feel good in themselves to you about anything of it) then eat it up rejoicing with wholesome appetite (i.e., take it and make use of it to your profit and advantage).

5.            And do not bring the foolish ones your riches that Allah has made for keeping you up, (i.e., as a means of support) and provide for them out of it, and give them raiment, and speak to them beneficent words.

6.            And try the orphans until they reach (the) marriageable age. So, in case you perceive in them right-mindedness then pay over to them their riches, and do not eat them up extravagantly and in anticipation of their (attaining) majority. And whoever is rich, then let him keep abstaining, (i.e. let him abstain generously) and whoever is poor, then let him eat (of it) with beneficence. So, when you pay over to them their riches, then take witnesses over them; and Allah suffices as Ever-Reckoner.

7.            To the men is an assignment of whatever the parents and the nearest kin have left, and to the women is an assignment of whatever the parents and the nearest kin have left, of whatever it be, little or much, an ordained assignment.

8.            And when the near of kin (Literally: endowed with kinship, “nearness) and the orphans and the indigent are present at the division, then provide for them out of it, and say to them beneficent saying.

9.            And let the ones be apprehensive (of Allah), who, if ever they left behind them weak offspring, would fear (poverty) for them. So let them be pious to Allah, and let them say a befitting saying.

10.        Surely the ones who eat the riches of the orphans unjustly, they surely only eat (up) Fire in their bellies and will roast in a Blaze.

11.         Allah enjoins you concerning your children: to the male the like of the portion of two females; so in case they are women above two, then for them is two-thirds of whatever he has left; and in case she be one, then to her is the half. And to (both) his (i.e., the deceaseds) parents, to each one of the two is the sixth of whatever he has left in case he has children; then in case he has no children, and his parents are his heirs, then a third is to his mother; (yet) in case he has brothers, then to his mother is the sixth, even after any bequest he may bequeath, or any debt. Your fathers and your sons (Or: children) - you do not realize which of them is nearer in profit to you. (This is) an ordinance from Allah; surely Allah has been Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise.

12.        And for you is a half of whatever your spouses have left, in case they have no children; (yet) in case they have children, then for you is the fourth of whatever they have left, (only) after any bequest they may have bequeathed, (Literally: enjoined) or any debt. And for them is a fourth of whatever you have left, in case you have no children; yet in case you have children, then they have an eighth of whatever you have left, (only) after any bequest you may have bequeathed, or any debt. And in case a man or a woman has no heir direct, and has a brother or a sister, then to each one of the two is the sixth; yet in case they are more numerous than that, then they shall be sharers in the third, (only) after any bequest may have been bequeathed, or any debt, without harming (others). (This is) an injunction from Allah; and Allah is Ever-Knowing, Ever-Forbearing.

13.        Those are the bounds of Allah; and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, He will cause him to enter Gardens from beneath which Rivers run, eternally (abiding) therein; and that is the magnificent triumph.

14.        And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger and transgresses His bounds, He will cause him to enter a Fire, eternally (abiding) therein, and for him is a degrading torment.

15.        And (as for) the ones of your women who come up with the obscenity, (i.e., illegal sexual intercourse; abomination) so, call four of you to witness against them. Then in case they (bear) witness, then retain them (The pronoun is the feminine plural) in the homes until death takes them up, (i.e., they die) or Allah sets for them a way.

16.        And (as for) the two of you who come up with (an obscenity), then hurt them both. Yet, in case they (both) repent and act righteously, then veer away from them (both); surely Allah has been Superbly Relenting, Ever-Merciful.

17.    Surely relenting from (Literally: upon, i.e. Allah relents) Allah is only towards the ones who do any odious deed in ignorance (and) thereafter they repent shortly; so Allah relents towards those and Allah has been Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise.

18.        And relenting is not for the ones who do odious deeds until, when death is present to one of them, he says, “Surely now I repent, ” neither (for) the ones who die (while) they are steadfast disbelievers; for those We have readied a painful torment.

19.        O you who have believed, it is not lawful for you to inherit women against their will; (Literally: through compulsion) neither pose problems for them that you may go away with some (part) of what you have brought them except when they come up with a (demonstrably) evident obscenity. And consort with them with beneficence; so in case you hate them, then it is possible you may hate something, and Allah sets in it much charity (i.e. benefit).

20.        And in case you are willing to exchange a spouse in place of (another) spouse, and you have brought one of them a hundredweight, (Literally: a Kantar) then do not take anything of it. Will you take it by way of all-malicious (calumny) and evident vice?

21.        And how should you take it, and each of you has already gone privily with the other, (Literally: some of you have been privily with (some) and they have taken from you a solemn compact?

22.        And do not marry women that your fathers married, except what has already gone by; surely that is an obscenity and detestation, and an odious way.

23.        Prohibited to you are your mothers and your daughters, and your sisters, and your paternal aunts, and your maternal aunts, and (your) brothers daughters, and (your) sisters daughters, and your mothers who have given suck to you, and your suckling sisters, and your women's mothers, and your step-daughters who are in your laps (i.e. under your guardianship) being born of your women whom you have been into-yet, in case you have not been into them, (Literally: entered with) it is no fault in you-and the lawful (spouses) of your sons who are of your loins, and that you should take to you two sisters together, except what has already gone by. Surely Allah has been Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

24.        And women in wedlock (are forbidden to you), except what your right hands possess. It is the prescribing (Literally: the book) of Allah for you. And lawful for you, beyond all that, is that you seek after (them) with your riches (i.e., that you pay them a dowry) in wedlock, other than in fornication. So (with) whomever of these (women) you enjoy the privilege of marriage, then bring them their rewards as an ordinance, and it is no fault in you in whatever you consented to among yourselves even after the ordinance. Surely Allah has been Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise.

25.        And whoever of you is unable to (provide) ample (means) for marrying (free) believing women in wedlock, then (let him take) from the believing handmaids that your right hands possess; and Allah knows best your belief, the ones of you are as the others (Literally: Some of you are from some others, i.e., you are equal). So marry them by the permission of their families, (i.e. their folk) and bring them their rewards with beneficence, as (women) in wedlock, other than in fornication or taking mates to themselves. (So) when they are in wedlock, (then) in case they come up with an obscenity, (5) they shall have then half the torment of free women in wedlock. That is for the ones of you who are apprehensive of distress; (i.e., sin) (and) to be patient is more charitable for you; and Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

26.         Allah wills to make this evident to you and guide you into the enactments of the ones before you and to relent towards you; and Allah is Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise.

27.        And Allah wills to relent towards you, and (the ones) who closely follow (their) lusts would have you incline (Literally: tilt away a tremendous tilting) away a tremendous inclining.

28.         Allah wills to lighten (things) for you, and man was created a weakling.

29.        O you who have believed, do not eat (up) your riches among you untruthfully, except there be commerce by your mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (i.e. kill one another). Surely Allah has been Ever-Merciful to you.

30.        And whoever performs that in hostility and unjustly, then We will eventually roast him at (the) Fire; and that has been for Allah an easy (thing).

31.        In case you avoid the great (sins) that are forbidden you, We will expiate for you your odious deeds and cause you to enter an honorable entrance.

32.        And do not covet that whereby Allah has graced some of you over the others (Literally: some of you more gracious than some “others”). To the men is an assignment from what they have acquired, and to the women is an assignment from what they have acquired. And ask Allah of His Grace; surely Allah has been Ever-Knowing of everything.

33.        And to everyone We have made patronized relatives (i.e. inheritors) of that (property) which parents and nearest-kin have left, and the ones with whom you contracted oaths, (Or: your right hands have made a pledge) (so) bring them their assignment by will (by wasiyyah); surely Allah has been Ever-Witnessing over everything.

34.        Men are the ever upright (managers) (of the affairs) of women for what Allah has graced some of them over (some) others and for what they have expended of their riches. So righteous women are devout, preservers of the Unseen for. And the ones whom you fear their non-compliance, then admonish them and forsake them in their beds, (Literally: a madajic= reeclining) and strike them, (i.e. hit them lightly) yet in case they obey you, then do not seek inequitably any way against them; surely Allah has been Ever-Exalted, Ever-Great.

35.        And in case you fear discord (Literally: opposition) between the two, then send forth a judge from his family and a judge from her family. in case they (both) are willing to act righteously, Allah will cause them to reach an agreement between them (two); surely Allah has been Ever-Knowing, Ever-Cognizant.

36.        And worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. And (show) fairest (companionship) to parents, and to the near kinsman, and the orphans and the indigent, and the neighbor who is near kinsman, and the neighbor who is a stranger, (i.e. not of the family or creed or “nationality”) and the companion at your side, and the wayfarer, and what your right hands possess. Surely Allah does not love whoever has been conceited (and) constantly boastful,

37.        The ones who are miserly and bid (other) men (Literally: command mankind) to be miserly, and (who) keep back whatever Allah has brought them of His Grace. And We have readied for the disbelievers a degrading torment.

38.        And also (for) (the ones) who expend their riches showing off to (other) men, (Literally: mankind) and do not believe in Allah nor in the Last Day. And whoever has Ash-Shatan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) for a comrade, then how odious is such a comrade!

39.        And what would it (harm) them (Literally: how could it be “taken” against them) if they believed in Allah and the Last Day, and expended of whatever Allah has provided them? And of them Allah has been Ever-Knowing.

40.    Surely Allah does not do injustice so much as an atoms weight, and in case it is a fair deed, He will double it and bring from very close to Him a magnificent reward.

41.        How then will it be when We cause to come from every nation a witness and cause you to come as a witness against these?

42.        Upon that Day, (the ones) who have disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger do like that the earth were leveled with them; and they will not keep back from Allah any discourse (i.e. about any happening).

43.        O you who have believed, do not draw near to prayer (when) you are drunken until you know what you are saying, nor (when) you are ritually unclean, (i.e. unclean through the emission of semen, or sexual discharge “in woman”) except when you are traversing a way, until you have washed yourselves. And in case you are sick, or on a journey, or (in case) any of you comes from the privy, or you have had contact with women, yet you have not found water, so have recourse to good soil, (i.e. a high dry place, a mounting place) then wipe (most of) your faces and hands. Surely Allah has been Ever-Clement, Ever-Forgiving.

44.        Have you not regarded (the ones) who were brought an assignment of the Book trading errancy, and would (like) you (also) to err from the way?

45.        And Allah knows best your enemies, and Allah suffices as an Ever-Patronizing Patron, and Allah suffices as an Ever-Ready Vindicator.

46.         (Some) of (the ones) who have Judaized pervert the Wordings from their (original) meanings (Literally: positions) and say, “We have heard and we disobey, ” and, “Give ear without being made to hear, ” and “Racina, ” (This from of the Arabic word was used by the Jews, and in Hebrew it had a derisive connotation Here it means “Heed us.”) twisting with their tongues and discrediting the religion. And if they had said, “We have heard and we obey, ” and, “Give ear, ” and, “Look at us, ” it would have been more charitable for them and more upright; but Allah has cursed them for their disbelief, so they do not believe except a few.

47.        O you who were brought the Book, believe in what We have been sending down sincerely (verifying) what is with you, before We obliterate faces, (and) so turn them upon their backs, (Literally: hind parts) or curse them as We cursed the Sabbathmen; (i.e. the Sabbath-breakers) and the Command of Allah has (to be) performed.

48.        Surely Allah does not forgive that (anything) should be associated with Him, and He forgives (anything) whatever apart from that for (Literally: to) whomever He decides; and whoever associates (anything) with Allah, then he has readily fabricated a tremendous vice.

49.        Have you not regarded (the ones) who consider themselves cleansed? No indeed, Allah cleanses whomever He decides, and they will not be done an injustice even as (much as) a (single) date-plaiting (i.e., not even a small amount).

50.        Look how they fabricate lies against Allah, and that suffices for an evident vice.

51.    Have you not regarded (how) the ones to whom was brought an assignment of the Book believe in Jibt and Taghűt (Two idols that were worshiped by the pagan Arabs) and say to (the ones) who have disbelieved, “These are more (rightly) guided on the way than the ones who have believed.”

52.        Those are they whom Allah has cursed; and whomever Allah has cursed, then you will not find for him a ready vindicator.

53.        Or even do they have an assignment in the Kingdom? Then, lo, they do not bring mankind even a groove in a datestone.

54.        Or even do they envy mankind (i.e. Muhammad and the believers) for whatever Allah has brought them of His Grace? Then We have brought the house of Ibrahîm (Abraham) the Book and (the) Wisdom, and We have brought them a magnificent Kingdom.

55.        Then of them there were (some) who believed therein, and there were (some) who barred from it; and Hell suffices for a Blaze.

56.        Surely the ones who have disbelieved in Our signs, We will eventually roast them at a Fire; whenever their skins are maturated, (Literally: ripened) We give them in exchange other skins that they may taste the torment. Surely Allah has been Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

57.        And (the ones) who have believed and done deeds of righteousness, We will soon cause them to enter Gardens from beneath which Rivers run, eternally (abiding) therein forever; they have therein purified spouses and We cause them therein plenteous shade (literally: a very shady shade).

58.        Surely Allah commands you to pay deposits back to their qualified family (i.e. the owners) and, when you judge among mankind, that you judge with justice. How favorable is that to which Allah surely admonishes you; surely Allah has been Ever-Hearing, Ever-Beholding.

59.        O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger, and the ones endowed with the command (i.e. those in authority) among you. So in case you contend together about anything, then refer it to Allah and the Messenger, in case you believe in Allah and the Last Day; that is most charitable (i.e. most beneficial) and fairest in interpretation.

60.        Have you not regarded (the ones) who assert that they have believed in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down before you, (that they) would (go) for judgment to Taghűt, (An idol worshiped by pagan Arabs) and they have already been commanded to disbelieve in it? And Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) would (like) would (like) to lead them into far error.

61.        And when it is said to them, “Come to what Allah has sent down and to the Messenger, ” you see the hypocrites barring (the way) to you forbiddingly (Literally: in a (complete) barring).

62.        So (how will it be) when an affliction alights upon (Literally: afflicts) them for what their hands have forwarded? Thereafter they come to you swearing by Allah, ” “Decidedly we willingly intend (nothing) except fairness and successful conciliation.

63.        Those (are they) whom Allah knows whatever is in their hearts; so veer away from them, and admonish them, and say to them consummate words (Literally: saying) about themselves.

64.        And in no way have We sent any Messenger except that he should be obeyed, by the permission of Allah; and if, as they have done an injustice to themselves, they had come to you, so (had) asked forgiveness from Allah, and the Messenger (had) asked forgiveness for them, indeed they would have found Allah Superbly Relenting, Ever-Merciful.

65.         (Yet) no, by your Lord, they will not believe till they make you judge regarding what they controvert among themselves. Thereafter they should not find in themselves any restriction about whatever you have decreed, and should submit in full submission.

66.        And if We had prescribed for them (saying), “Kill yourselves, ” or “Go out of your residences, ” in no way would they have performed (it) except a few of them. And if they had performed what they were admonished, it would have been more charitable for them and more strict in confirming them.

67.        And indeed, We would have brought them from very close to Us a magnificent reward.

68.        And indeed We would have guided them to a straight Path.

69.        And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, then those are with the ones whom Allah has favored of the Prophets, and the ones constantly sincere and the martyr-witnesses, and the righteous; and the fairest escorts those are!

70.        That is the Grace from Allah; and Allah suffices as (The One) Ever-Knowing.

71.        O you who have believed, take your wary (precautions); so march out in detachments, or march out altogether.

72.        And surely among you there is indeed the one who definitely tarries behind. Then in case an affliction afflicts you, he would say, “ Allah has readily favored me, as I was not a martyr-witness with them.”

73.        And indeed, in case a Grace from Allah alights (Literally: afflicts) upon you, indeed he would definitely say, as if there had not been any amity between you and him, “Oh, would that I had been with them, then should I have achieved (Literally: triumphed) a magnificent triumph.”

74.        So, let the ones fight in the way of Allah, (the ones) who barter the present life (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) (seeking) the Hereafter. And whoever fights in the way of Allah (and) is killed or overcomes, then We will eventually bring him a magnificent reward.

75.        And what is it with you, that you do not fight in the way of Allah, (the way) and of the ones deemed weak among the men, women and newborns, who say, “Our Lord, bring us out of this town (i.e. Makkah, where Muslims were persecuted after Hijrah) whose population is unjust, and set for us a constant patron from very close to You, and set for us from very close to You a ready vindicator.”

76.         (The ones) who have believed fight in the way of Allah, and (the ones) who have disbelieved fight in the way of the Taghűt (An idol worshiped by the Arab pagans). So fight (the ones) patronized by Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil). Surely the plotting of Ash-Shaytan has (always) been weak.

77.        Have you not regarded the ones to whom it was said, “Restrain your hands and keep up prayer and bring the Zakat?” (i.e., pay the poor-dues) Then, as soon as fighting was prescribed for them, behold, a group of them are apprehensive of the multitude (Literally: mankind) as they would have apprehension of Allah, or with stronger apprehension; and they said, “Our Lord, why have You prescribed fighting for us? Had You (only) deferred us to a near term!” Say, “The enjoyment of the present (life) (Literally: the lowly “life; i.e., the life of this world) is little, and the Hereafter is most charitable for him who is pious, and you will not be done an injustice even as (much as) a single date-plaiting (i.e., not even a little).

78.        Wherever you may be, death will overtake you, (even) if you were in imposingly constructed towers.” And in case a fair (thing) alights upon (Literally: afflicts) them, they say, “This is from the Providence of Allah.” And in case an odious thing afflicts them, they say, “This is from your presence.” Say, All is from the Providence of Allah.” What is it then with these people! They almost do not comprehend any discourse.

79.        Whatever fair (thing) alights upon (Literally: afflicts) you, then it is from Allah, and whatever odious (thing) afflicts you, then it is from yourself; and We have sent you to mankind (as) a Messenger; and Allah suffices as Ever-Witnessing.

80.        Whoever obeys the Messenger, then he has already obeyed Allah; and whoever turns away, then in no way have We sent you (as) an ever-preserver over them.

81.        And they say, “Obdience.” Then when they go forth from your presence, a section of them brood (by night) on other than what you say. And Allah writes down whatever they brood on; so veer away from them, and put your trust in Allah; and Allah suffices as an Ever-Trusted Trustee.

82.        Will they not then contemplate the Qur’an? And if it had been from (any where) other than the Providence of Allah, indeed they would have found in it many difference (s).

83.        And when there comes to them a command (i.e., the matter, the affair) of security or fear, they divulge it; and if they had referred it to the Messenger and to the ones endowed with the command (i.e., those in authority) among them, the ones among them who investigate would indeed know it. And had it not been for the Grace of Allah upon you and His mercy, you would indeed have closely followed Ash-Shytan, (the all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) except a few.

84.        So fight in the way of Allah. You are not charged with (anyone) except yourself. And exhort the believers; it may be that Allah would restrain the violence of (the ones) who have disbelieved. And Allah is more strict in violence and more strict in torture.

85.        Whoever intercedes with a fair intercession will have an assignment of it and whoever intercedes with an odious intercession will have a share of it, and Allah has been Supreme Nourisher (Or: Supreme Overseer) for everything.

86.        And when you are greeted with a greeting, then greet a fairer one than it, or give it back again; surely Allah has been Ever-Reckoner over everything.

87.         Allah, there is no god except He. Indeed He will definitely gather you to the Day of the Resurrection; there is no suspicion about it. And who is more sincere in discourse than Allah?

88.        So, what is it with you that you are two communities regarding the hypocrites, and Allah has cast them back for what they earned? Would you (like) to guide him whom Allah has led into error? And whomever Allah leads into error, then you will never find for him a way.

89.        They would like you to disbelieve as they have disbelieved; then you would be equal. So do not take for yourselves patrons from them until they emigrate in the way of Allah. Yet in case they turn away, then take them and kill them where you find them; and do not take to yourselves from among them a constant patron or a ready vindicator.

90.        Except the ones who are related to a people between whom and you is a compact, or come to you with their breasts beleaguered from fighting you or fighting their people. And if Allah had (so) decided, He would indeed have given them authority over you; then they would indeed have fought you. So, in case they keep apart from you; (and) so did not fight you, and offer (Literally: cast forth) you submissiveness, then in no way does Allah allow (Literally: in no way makes any way for you) you a way against them.

91.        You will soon find others willing to be secure from you, and secure from their people; so, whenever they are turned back to temptation, they are cast back in it. So, in case they do not keep apart from you, and offer you submissiveness, and restrain their hands, then take them and kill them where you catch them; and against those ones We have appointed for you an evident all-binding authority.

92.        And in no way is it for a believer to kill a believer, except it be by mistake; and he who killed a believer by mistake, then (let him set) free a believing neck, (Literally: a believing neck “i.e., slave” “is” to be set free) and blood-money is to be handed (unimpaired) to his family, unless they donate (it). Then, in case he is of a people (who are) an enemy to you and he is a believer, then a believing neck (i.e., slave) is to be freed. And in case he is of a people between whom and you there is a compact, then blood-money is to be handed (unimpaired) to his family and a believing neck is to be freed. Yet whoever does not find (the means), then fasting two months following each other is a relenting from Allah, and Allah has been Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise.

93.        And he who kills a believer premeditatedly, then his recompense is Hell, eternally (abiding) therein, and Allah will be angry with him, and will curse him, and has prepared for him a tremendous torment.

94.        O you who have believed, when you strike (i.e. journey in the earth) in the way of Allah, then be discerning, and do not say to him who offers you the salutation, (Literally: casts the salutation, saying, “peace be upon you!”) “You are not a believer, ” inequitably seeking the advantage of the present (Literally: this lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) life; then in the Providence of Allah is plenteous booty. Thus you were earlier, then Allah has been bounteous to you, so be discerning. Surely Allah has been Ever-Cognizant of whatever you do.

95.         (The ones) of the believers sitting back-other than the ones (suffering) harm-are not the equals of the ones who strive in the way of Allah with their riches and their selves. Allah has graced the ones who strive with their riches and their selves with a (superior) degree over the ones sitting back; and to each Allah has promised the fairest (reward); and Allah has graced the ones striving over the ones sitting back with a magnificent reward.

96.        Degrees (of Grace) from Him, and forgiveness and mercy; and Allah has been Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

97.        Surely the ones whom the Angels take up, (while) they are unjust to themselves- (to them) (the Angels) say, “In what (condition) were you?” (i.e., In what circumstances were you? Of what religion were you?) They say, “We were deemed weak in the earth.” They (the Angels) say, “Was not the earth of Allah wide so that you (could) have emigrated in it?” So, the abode for those (men) is Hell, and what an odious Destiny!

98.        Except (the ones) deemed weak among the men and women and newborns (who) are unable (to contrive) a device and are not guided to a way.

99.        So for those Allah may be clement towards them, and Allah has been Ever-Clement, Ever-Forgiving.

100.    And whoever emigrates in the way of Allah will find in the earth many reinstatements and an affluence. And whoever goes out of his home an emigrant to Allah and His Messenger, (and) thereafter death overtakes him, then his reward will have already befallen on Allah; and Allah has been Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

101.    And when you strike in the earth, (i.e., journey in the earth) then there is no fault in you that you shorten the prayer in case you fear that the ones who have disbelieved may make an attempt on you; (Literally) surely the disbelievers have been for you an evident enemy.

102.    And when you are among them, (and) so keep up the prayer for them, then let a section of them be upright with you, and let them take their weapons (i.e., to defend those who pray and to face the enemy) So, when they have prostrated themselves, (i.e., finished their prayer) then let them be in your rear-guard; and let another section who have not prayed come up (and) so let them pray with you, and let them take their wary (precautions) and their weapons. The ones who have disbelieved would like you to be heedless of your weapons and your belongings, then they would incline (Or: be hostile to) against you once for all. (Literally: in one inclining; or in one hostility) And there is no fault in you, in case you are hurt by rain or you are sick, to lay aside your weapons and take your wary (precautions). Surely Allah has prepared for the disbelievers a degrading torment.

103.    So, when you have accomplished the prayer, then remember Allah, upright, and seated, and on your sides. (Yet) when you feel composed, then keep up the prayer; surely the prayer has been a timed prescription (Literally: book) for the believers.

104.    And do not feel fee bled in seeking the people (i.e., the “enemy” people). In case you feel pain, then surely they (also) feel pain as you feel pain, and you are hoping from Allah that for which they do not hope; and Allah has been Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise.

105.    Surely, We have sent down to you (i.e. the prophet) the Book with the Truth that you judge among mankind by whatever Allah has shown you; and do not be a constant adversary of the treacherous.

106.    And ask forgiveness of Allah; surely Allah has been Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

107.    And do not dispute concerning the ones who betray themselves; surely Allah does not love him who has been constantly treacherous, (and) vicious.

108.    They seek to conceal themselves from (other) men, (Literally: mankind) and they do not seek to conceal themselves from Allah, and He is with them as they brood by night a saying with which He is not satisfied; and Allah has been Supremely Encompassing of whatever they do.

109.    Now, you are the ones (Literally: these) who have disputed concerning them in the present (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) life; then who will dispute with Allah concerning them on the Day of the Resurrection, or who will be a constant trustee for them?

110.    And whoever earns an odious (deed) or does an injustice to himself (and) thereafter asks Allah His forgiveness, he will find Allah Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

111.    And whoever earns a vice, surely then he earns it only against himself; and Allah has been Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise.

112.    And whoever earns an offense or a vice (and) thereafter throws (the blame thereof) upon an innocent one, then he has readily burdened himself with all-malicious calumny and evident vice.

113.    And had it not been for the Grace of Allah upon you (i.e., the prophet) and His mercy, a section of them would indeed have designed to lead you into error; and in no way do they lead anyone to error except themselves; and in no way do they harm you in anything. And Allah has sent down on you the Book and (the) Wisdom, and He has taught you whatever you did not know; and the Grace of Allah upon you has been magnificent.

114.    No charity (i.e. benefit) is there in much of their private conferences, except for him who commands donation (i.e. enjoins “people” to donate), or beneficence, or righteousness (Or: conciliation and reform) among mankind. And whoever performs that seeking the gracious satisfaction of Allah, then We will eventually bring him a magnificent reward.

115.    And whoever constantly opposes the Messenger, even after the guidance has become evident to him, and closely follows (a way) other than the believersway, We turn him away to whatever (patron) he turns away to, and We roast him at Hell; and what an odious Destiny!

116.    Surely Allah does not forgive that (anything be) with Him associated; and (anything) whatever, apart from that, He forgives to whomever He decides. And whoever associates (anything) with Allah, then he has readily erred into far error.

117.    Decidedly they invoke (nothing) apart from Him except females; and decidedly they invoke (nothing) except a steadfastly insurgent Shaytan (An all-vicious one, i.e., satan).

118.     Allah cursed him. And he said, “Indeed I will definitely take to myself of Your bondmen an ordained assignment.

119.    And indeed I will definitely lead them into error, and indeed I will definitely arouse (vain) covetings in them, and indeed I will definitely command them (and) so indeed they will definitely cut off the cattles ears; (One of the superstitions of the pagans) and indeed I will definitely command them (and) so indeed they will definitely change the creation of Allah.” And whoever takes Ash-Shaytan (An all-vicious one, i.e., satan) to himself for a constant patron apart from Allah, then he has already suffered (Literally: lost) evidently the greatest loss.

120.    He promises them and arouses vain covetings in them; and in no way does Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) promise them (anything) except delusion.

121.    Those (will have) their abode in Hell, and they will find no evasion from it.

122.    And the ones who have believed and done deeds of righteousness, We will soon cause them to enter Gardens from beneath which Rivers run, eternally (abiding) therein forever; the promise of Allah (is) truly (binding) and who is more truly sincere in his blissful saying than Allah?

123.    It is not according to your covetings or the covetings of the population of the Book. (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) Whoever does an odious deed will be recompensed for it and will not find for him, apart from Allah, a constant patron or a ready vindicator.

124.    And whoever does (enough) deeds of righteousness, be it male or female, and he is a believer, then those will enter the Garden and will not be done an injustice even as a groove in a datestone (i.e., not even a small amount).

125.    And who has a fairer religion than he who surrenders his face to Allah, and is a fair-doer, and closely follows the creed of Ibrahîm (Abraham) the unswervingly upright? And Allah took to Him Ibrahîm for a (close) fellow.

126.    And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and Allah has been Supremely Encompassing everything.

127.    And they ask you for your pronouncement concerning women. Say, “ Allah pronounces concerning them, and what is recited to you in the Book concerning the orphan women (Or (possibly): women who have orphans. And Allah knows bests) to whom you do not bring what is prescribed for them, and (yet) you desire to marry them, and the (ones) deemed weak of the children (Literally: newborns) (and) that you keep up equity (Literally: set “things” up with equity) for orphans. And whatever charity you perform, then surely Allah has been Ever-Knowing of it.

128.    And in case a woman fears non- compliance or veering away in her husband, then there is no fault in both of them if they make a righteous reconciliation between them; (Literally: that they reconcile a reconcile a reconciliation) and reconciliation is most charitable; and avarice is made ever present to selves (i.e., persons). And in case you do fair (deeds) and are pious (to Allah), then Allah has been Ever-Cognizant of whatever you do.

129.    And you will never be able to do justice between (your) wives, (Literally: women) even if you are (so) eager; yet do not incline away completely (Literally: incline away all inclining) (from one), so that you leave her (behind) as if she were suspended. And in case you (do) righteousness and are pious (to Allah), then surely Allah has been Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

130.    And in case they (both) part (from each other), Allah will enrich each (of them) of His Embracement; and Allah has (always) been Ever-Embracing, Ever-Wise.

131.    And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And indeed We have already enjoined the ones to whom the Book was brought even before you and you (too): “Be pious to Allah.” And in case you disbelieve, then surely to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and Allah has been Ever Affluent, (i.e. Literally: Ever-Rich) Ever-Praiseworthy.

132.    And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and Allah suffices for an Ever-Trusted Trustee.

133.    In case He decides, He can put you away, O you mankind, and come up with others; and Allah has been Ever-Determiner over that.

134.    Whoever is willing (to have) the requital of the present (life), (Literally: the lowly “life”; i.e. the life of this world) then in the Providence of Allah is the requital of the present (life) and the Hereafter; and Allah has been Ever-Hearing, Ever-Beholding.

135.    O you who have believed, be constantly upright with equity (with others), witnesses for Allah, even if it be against yourselves or (your) parents and nearest kin. In case (the person) is rich or poor, then Allah is the Best Patron for both. So do not ever follow prejudice, so as to do justice; and in case you twist or veer away, then surely Allah has been Ever-Cognizant of whatever you do.

136.    O you who have believed, believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the Book which He has been sending down on His Messenger, and the Book which He sent down earlier. And whoever disbelieves in Allah, and His Angels, and His Books, and His Messengers, and the Last Day, then he has readily erred into far error.

137.    Surely (the ones) who believed, thereafter disbelieved, thereafter believed, thereafter disbelieved, thereafter increased in disbelief- Allah indeed is not (going) to forgive them nor is He indeed (going) to guide them on a way.

138.    Give (good) tidings to the hypocrites that they will have a painful torment.

139.     (The ones) who take to themselves the disbelievers for their constant patrons, apart from the believers; do they (inequitably) seek might in their presence? Then surely might altogether belongs to Allah.

140.    And He has already been sending down upon you in the Book that, “When you hear the signs of Allah being disbelieved and mocked at, then do not sit with them until they wade into (i.e., take up “a subject”) (some) other discourse; surely (in that case) you are like them. Surely Allah will be gathering the hypocrites and the disbelievers altogether in Hell,

141.     (The ones) who await you; So, in case you gain a conquest from Allah, they say, “Were we not with you?” And in case the disbelievers get an assignment, (i.e. gain a success) they say, “Did we not have privilege over you, and did we not prevent (your defeat) by the believers?” Then Allah will judge between you on the Day of the Resurrection; and Allah will never grant (Literally: make) any way for the disbelievers over the believers.

142.    Surely the hypocrites try to deceive Allah, and He is deceiving them; and when they rise up for prayer, they rise up lazily, showing off to (other) men, and they do not remember Allah except a little.

143.    Wavering between this (and that), not to these, nor to those; (Literally: nor to these) and he whom Allah leads into error, then you will never find for him a way.

144.    O you who have believed, do not take to yourselves disbelievers as patrons apart from the believers. Are you willing to make for Allah an evident all-binding authority against you?

145.    Surely the hypocrites will be in the basest bottom of the Fire; and you will never find for them a ready vindicator.

146.    Except the ones who repent, and act righteously, and adhere firmly to Allah, and make their religion faithful to Allah; so, those are with the believers, and Allah will eventually bring the believers a magnificent reward.

147.    What would Allah perform with tormenting you in case you thank (Him) and believe? And Allah has been Thankful, Ever-Knowing.

148.     Allah does not love the loud (expression) of odious words except for him who has been done an injustice, and Allah has been Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

149.    In case you display a charitable (deed), or conceal it, or be clement towards an odious deed, then surely Allah has been Ever-Clement, Ever-Determiner.

150.    Surely the ones who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers and would make a distinction between Allah and His Messengers, and say, “We believe in some, and disbelieve in some (others), ” and would take to themselves a way in-between, (Literally: a way between that; i.e. away between this and that).

151.    Those are they (who are) truly the disbelievers; and We have readied for the disbelievers a degrading torment.

152.    And the ones who have believed in Allah and His Messengers and have made no distinction between any of them, those He will eventually bring them their rewards, and Allah has been Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

153.    The population of the Book (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) ask you to (keep) (Moses) bringing down upon them a Book from the heaven; yet they already asked Műsa far greater than that; So they said, “Show us Allah openly.” Then the stunning (thunderbolt) took them for their injustice. Thereafter they took to themselves the Calf, even after the supreme evidences came to them, yet We were clement (towards them) for that, and We brought Ms'a an evident all-binding authority.

154.    And We raised above them the Tűr, (Mount) (taking) compact with them. And We said to them, “Enter in at the gate, constantly prostrating.” And We said to them, “Do not be aggressors on the Sabbath, ” (Mount) and We took from them a solemn compact.

155.    So, for their breaking of their compact, and their disbelieving in the signs of Allah, and their killing of the Prophesiers (i.e. prophets) untruthfully and their saying, “Our hearts are encased.” No indeed, (but) Allah has stamped upon them for their disbelief; so they do not believe except a few.

156.    And for their disbelief and their speaking against Maryam (Mary) a tremendous all-malicious (calumny).

157.    And for their saying, “Surely we killed the Masih, `Isa son of Maryam, (The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary) the Messenger of Allah.” And in no way did they kill him, and in no way did they crucify him, but a resemblance of him was presented to them (i.e. the matter was made obscure for them through mutual resemblance). And surely the ones who differed about him are indeed in doubt about him. (Or: it, “that”) In no way do they have any knowledge about him except the close following of surmise, and in no way did they kill him of a certainty.

158.    No indeed, Allah raised him up to Him; and Allah has been Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

159.    And decidedly there is not one of the population of the Book (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) but will indeed definitely believe in him before his death, and on the Day of the Resurrection he will be a witness against them.

160.    So, for the injustice (on the part) of (the ones) who have Judaized, We have prohibited them good things that were lawful to them, and for their barring from the way of Allah many (people),

161.    And for their taking riba, (Usury and other tyoes of unlawful) and they were already forbidden it, and eating (up) the riches of mankind untruthfully; (Literally: with untruth) and We have readied for the disbelievers among them a painful torment.

162.    But the ones of them who are firmly established in knowledge and the believers believe in what has been sent down to you, and what was sent down even before you, and (the ones who) regularly keeping up the prayer, and bringing the Zakat, (i.e., pay the poor-dues) and believing in Allah and the Last Day, for those We will soon bring a magnificent reward.

163.  Surely We have revealed to you as We revealed to Nűh, (Noah) and the Prophets (even) after him, and We revealed to Ibrahîm, and  Isma`îl, and Ishâq, and Ya`qűb, and the Grandsons, and `Isa, and Ayyűb, and Yűnus, and Harűn, and Sulayman, (Abraham, Ishmael, `Isaac, Jacob, the Tribes, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, Solomon, respectively) and We brought Dawűd (David) a Scripture (Zabűr, said to be the psalms).

164.    And Messengers We have already narrated to you (about) even before and Messengers We have not narrated to you (about); and to Műsa (Moses) Allah spoke long, (eloquent) speech.

165.    Messengers (who are) constant bearers of good tidings and constant warners lest mankind should have argument against Allah after the Messengers; and Allah has been Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

166.    But Allah bears witness to what He has sent down to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge; and the Angels (also) bear witness; and Allah suffices as Ever-Witnessing.

167.    Surely (the ones) who have disbelieved and barred from the way of Allah have already erred into far error.

168.    Surely (the ones) who have disbelieved and have done injustice, indeed Allah would not forgive them, nor indeed guide them on any road.

169.    Except the road to Hell, eternally (abiding) therein forever; and that has been for Allah an easy (thing).

170.    O you mankind, the Messenger has already come to you with the Truth from your Lord; so believe; most charitable is it for you. And in case you disbelieve, then surely to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth; and Allah has been Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise.

171.    O population of the Book, (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., Jews and Christians) do not go beyond the bounds in your religion and do not say concerning Allah (anything) except the Truth. Surely the Masih, `Isa son of Maryam, (The Messiah, Jesus sonof Mary) was only the Messenger of Allah, and His Word that He cast forth to Maryam, and a Spirit from Him. So, believe in Allah and His Messengers, and do not say, “Three.” Refrain; most charitable is it for you; surely Allah is only One God. All Extolment be to Him-that He should have a child. To Him (belongs) whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and Allah suffices for an Ever-Trusted Trustee.

172.    The Masih (The Messial) will never disdain to be a bondman of Allah, neither the Angels who are near-stationed (to Him). And whoever disdains to do Him worship (Literally: worshiping Him) and waxes proud, then He will soon muster them altogether to Him.

173.    So, as for (the ones) who have believed and done deeds of righteousness, then He will pay them in full their rewards and increase them of His Grace; and as for (the ones) who disdained and waxed proud, then He will torment them a painful torment, and they will find for them, apart from Allah, no constant patron nor a ready vindicator.

174.    O you mankind, a proof has already come to you from your Lord; and We have sent down to you an evident Light.

175.    So, as for the ones who believed in Allah and firmly adhered to Him, then He will soon cause them to enter into a mercy from Him, and Grace, and will guide them to Him on a straight Path.

176.    They ask you for your pronouncement. Say, “ Allah pronounces to you concerning the indirect heirs.” In case a person perishes having no child, and he has a sister, she shall have half of what he has left, and he inherits (from) her in case she has no child (i.e., has the right to all the inheritance). (And) in case they are two (sisters), then they shall have two thirds of what he has left; and in case they are brothers, men and women, (i.e., has the right to all the inheritance) then the male shall have the same portion as that of two females. Allah makes (this) evident to you, that you should not err; and Allah is Ever-Knowing of everything.

 

5.Surat Al-Mâ'idah (the Table)

In The Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful.

1.            O you who have believed, fulfil your contracts. The brute of cattle (Ancam = cattle, camels, sheep and goats) has been made lawful to you, except whatever is (now) recited to you without violating the prohibition against (game) hunting (Literally: making hunting lawful) when you are in pilgrim sanctity (i.e. whether in the Inviolable precincts or in the special garment). Surely Allah judges (according to) whatever He wills.

2.            O you who have believed, do not violate the way marks of Allah, nor the Inviolable Month, nor the offering, nor the garlands, nor the ones repairing to the Inviolable Home seeking from their Lord Grace and all-blessed Satisfaction; and when you are not on pilgrimage, (Literally: when you have become legally permissible, i.e., no longer in the sanctified state of a pilgrim) then (go game) hunting. And do not let antagonism of a people who barred you from the Inviolable Mosque provoke you to transgress. And help one another to benignancy and piety, and do not help one another to vice and hostility, and be pious to Allah; surely Allah is strict in punishment.

3.            Prohibited to you are carrion, (i.e. dead meat) and blood, and the flesh of swine, and what has been acclaimed to other than Allah, and the strangled, and the beaten (to death), and the toppled (to death), and the gored (to death), and that eaten by wild beasts of prey-excepting what you have immolated-and whatever has been slain on the altars (for the idols), and that you adjure division (i.e. by gambling with arrows or in any similar way) by divining: that is immorality. Today the ones who have disbelieved have despaired of your religion, so do not be apprehensive of them and be apprehensive of Me. Today I have completed your religion for you, and I have perfected My favor on you, and I am satisfied with  Islam as a religion for you. And whoever is constrained in scantiness, (i.e., compelled by need) without unfairly (inclining) to vice, then surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

4.            They ask you what is made lawful for them. Say, “The good things are made lawful to you, and (such) hunting creatures as you teach, (training them) as hounds, teaching them (part) of what Allah has taught you.” So eat of whatever they hold back for you, and mention the Name of Allah over it. And be pious to Allah, surely Allah is swift at the reckoning.

5.            Today the good things are made lawful for you, and the food of the ones to whom the Book was brought is lawful to you, and your food is made lawful to them. And (so) are believing women in wedlock, and in wedlock women of (the ones) to whom the Book was brought even before you when you have brought them their rewards in wedlock, other than in fornication, neither taking them to yourselves as mates (i.e., girl-friends). And whoever disbelieves in belief, (i.e., the religion) then his deed has been frustrated and in the Hereafter he is among the losers.

6.            O you who have believed, when you rise up for prayer, then wash your faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe your heads, (Or: “part of” the head) and (wash) your legs to the ankles. And in case you are ritually unclean, (i.e., from the emission of semea or “for women” sexual discharge) then totally purify yourselves; and in case you are sick or on a journey, or (in case) any of you has come up from the privy, or you have had contact with women, yet you cannot find water, then have recourse to good (i.e. a mounting place, high and dry) soil (and) so wipe (most of) your faces and hands with (some) of it. In no way does Allah indeed will to make any restriction for you, but indeed He wills to purify you and perfect His favor on you, indeed, that possibly you would thank (Him).

7.            And remember the favor of Allah upon you and His compact by which He has solemnly bound (Literally: compacted) you as you said, “We have heard and we obey.” And be pious to Allah, surely Allah is Ever-Knowing of the inmost thoughts in the breasts (Literally: what the breasts own).

8.            O you who have believed, be constantly upright for Allah, witnesses with equity, and let not antagonism of a people provoke you to not do justice. Do justice; that (Literally: it) is nearer to piety. And be pious to Allah, surely Allah is Ever-Cognizant of whatever you do.

9.             Allah has promised the ones who have believed and done deeds of righteousness (that) they will have forgiveness and a magnificent reward.

10.        And the ones who have disbelieved and cried lies to Our signs, those will be the companions (i.e. the inhabitants) of Hell-Fire.

11.        O you who have believed, remember the favor of Allah upon you as a (certain) people designed to stretch against you their hands, so He restrained their hands from you. And be pious to Allah, and in Allah let the believers then put their trust.

12.        And indeed Allah already took compact with the Seeds (Or: sons) of , Israel) and We sent forth among them twelve chieftains. And Allah said, “Surely I am with you, indeed in case you keep up the prayer, and bring the Zakat, (i.e., pay the poor-dues) and believe in My Messengers, and rally to them in assistance, and lend to Allah a fair loan, indeed I will definitely expiate for you your odious deeds, and indeed I will definitely cause you to enter Gardens from beneath which Rivers run. So whoever of you disbelieves after that, then he has already erred away from the level way.

13.        So, for their breaking their compact, We cursed them and We made their hearts hard. They pervert the Wordings from their contexts, (i.e. original meanings) and they have forgotten a portion of what they were reminded. And you will not cease viewing some treacherous (act) on their part, except a few of them. Yet be clement towards them and pardon; surely Allah loves the fair-doers.

14.        And from (the ones) who say, “Surely we are Nasara, ” (i.e. Christians) We took their compact, yet they have forgotten a portion of what they were reminded of, so We induced among them enmity and abhorrence till the Day of the Resurrection. And Allah will eventually fully inform them of (the things) they used to do.

15.        O you Population of the Book, (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) our Messenger has already come up to you; he makes evident to you many things you have been concealing of the Book, and he is clement about many things. A light has already come up to you from Allah, and an evident Book.

16.        Whereby Allah guides whomever closely follows His all-blessed Satisfaction in the ways of peace; and He brings them out of the darkness (es) into the light by His permission, and He guides them to a straight Path.

17.        They indeed have already disbelieved who say, “Surely Allah, He is the Masîh, son of Maryam.” (The Missiah son of Mary) Say, “Who then (can) avail (Literally: possess) anything against Allah in case He wills to cause the Masîh son of Maryam to perish, and his mother, and whoever is in the earth altogether? And to Allah belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them. He creates whatever He decides. And Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.

18.        And the Jews and Nasara (The Christians) have said, “We are the sons of Allah and His beloved ones.” Say, “Why then does He torment you for your guilty deeds?” No indeed, you are mortals, (Human beings) (like) all the (beings) He has created; He forgives whomever He decides, and He torments whomever He decides. And to Allah belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them, and to Him is the Destiny.

19.        O Population of the Book, (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) Our Messenger has already come to you making (things) evident to you, upon an interval between the Messengers, that you should not say, “In no way has there come to us any bearer of good tidings, nor a warner.” Yet (now) there has already come to you a bearer of good tidings and a warner; and Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.

20.    And as Műsa (Moses) said to his people, “O my people, remember the favor of Allah upon you, as He made among you Prophesiers, (i.e., prophets) and made you kings, and brought you what He had not brought anyone of the worlds.

21.        O my people, enter the Holy Land (Literally: the hallowed land) which Allah has prescribed for you and do not turn back in your traces, (Literally: on your hind parts) (and) so you turn over as losers.”

22.    They said, “O Műsa, surely there are people in it (who are) giants, and surely we will never enter it until they go out of it. So, in case they go out of it, then surely we will be entering.”

23.        Said two men of the ones that feared Allah) (and) whom Allah had favored, “Enter in upon them (by) the gate. So, when you enter it, then surely you will be overcoming them. And so put all your trust in Allah in case you are believers.”

24.    They said, “O Műsa (Moses), surely we will never enter it at all so long as they are in it. So go forth, you and your Lord, and then you (two) fight (them). Surely we will be sitting here now!”

25.        He said, “Lord! Surely I possess (no authority) on anyone except myself and my brother. So distinguish between us (Literally: part between us and “between”) and the immoral people.

26.        Said He, “Then surely it will be prohibited for them for forty years (while) they go astray in the earth. So do not feel sad about the immoral people.”

27.        And recite to them the tiding of the two sons of Adam with the truth as they offered a sacrifice, (Literally: sacrificed an all-sanctified sacrifice) (and) it was (graciously) accepted of one of them and not (graciously) accepted of the other. One (of them) said, “Indeed, I will definitely kill you.” (The other) said, “Surely Allah (graciously) accepts only of the pious.

28.        Indeed, in case you stretch out your hand against me to kill me, in no way will I be stretching out my hand against you to kill you. Surely I fear Allah, The Lord of the worlds.

29.        Surely I would (like) that you would incur (upon yourself) my vice and your vice, (and) so you become one of the companions (i.e. inhabitants) of the Fire, and that is the recompense of the unjust.”

30.        Then his self persuaded him to the killing of his brother, so he killed him, then he became among the losers.

31.        Then Allah sent forth a raven (Or: crow) searching into the earth to show him how he should overlay the shameful parts (i.e. the vile body) of his brother. He said, “Oh woe to me! Am I unable to be like this raven, (and) so overlay the shameful parts of my brother?” So he became among the remorseful.

32.        On that account We prescribed for the Seeds (Or: sons) of Israel) that whoever kills a self-other than for (killing another) self or (Literally: nor) for corruption in the earth-then it will be as if he had killed mankind altogether; and whoever gives life to it, (i.e., a self) then it will be as if he had given life to mankind altogether. And indeed Our Messengers have already come to them with supreme evidences; thereafter surely many of them after that are indeed extravagant in the earth.

33.        Surely the only recompense of (the ones) who war against Allah and His Messenger and (diligently) endeavor to do corruption in the earth, is that they should be (all) massacred or crucified, or that their hands and legs should be cut asunder alternately or that they should be exiled from the land. That is a disgrace for them in the present (life), (Literally: the lowly “life”, i.e., the life of this world) and in the Hereafter they will have a tremendous torment.

34.        Except for (the ones) who repent even before you are capable of (punishing) them. So know that Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

35.        O you who have believed, be pious to Allah and seek (close) proximity to Him, and strive in His way, that possibly you would prosper.

36.        Surely the ones who have disbelieved, (even) if they had whatever is in the earth altogether and the like of it, with it to ransom themselves from the torment of the Day of the Resurrection, in no way would it be (favorably) accepted of them, and they will have a painful torment.

37.        They would like to go out of the Fire, and in no way will they be going out of it; and they will have a perpetual torment.

38.        And the male thief and the female thief: then cut (off) the hands of both, as a recompense for what they (both) have earned, as a torture from Allah; and Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

39.        Yet whoever repents, even after his injustice, and acts righteously, then surely Allah relents towards (i.e. accepts his repentance) him; surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

40.        Do you not know that to Allah belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth? He torments whomever He decides and forgives whomever He decides; and Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.

41.        O you Messenger, do not let them grieve you that vie swiftly with one another in disbelief, of the ones who say, “We believe, ” with their mouths, and their hearts do not believe. And of the ones who have Judaized are constant listeners to lies, (and) constant listeners to other people, (who) have not come up to you, perverting the Wordings from their original meanings (Literally: even after their positions). They say, “In case you are brought this, then take it, and in case you are not brought it, then beware.” And whomever Allah wills to (subject to) temptation, then you will never possess for him anything against Allah. Those are (they) whose hearts Allah is not willing to purify; for them is disgrace in the present (life), (Literally: lowly “life”, i.e., the life of this world) and in the Hereafter they will have a tremendous torment.

42.        Constant listeners to lies, constant eaters of illicit gain, so in case they come to you, then judge between them or veer away from them; and in case you veer away from them, then they will never harm you anything; and in case you judge, then judge with equity between them. Surely Allah loves the equitable.

43.        And how do they make you their judge and the Tawrah (The Book revealed to Műsa “Moses”, of which the extant Torah is a corruption) is in their presence, wherein is the Judgment of Allah? Thereafter they turn away even after that. And in no way are those the (real) believers.

44.        Surely We sent down the Tawrah, wherein there is a guidance and a light, thereby the Prophets who had become Muslims (Literally: who had surrendered themselves to Allah) gave judgment to the ones who Judaized, and (so) did the rabbis and the doctors (of the Law), according to whatever they were asked to preserve of the Book of Allah, and were witnesses to. So do not be apprehensive of mankind, and be apprehensive of Me, and do not trade My signs for a little price. And whoever does not judge according to what Allah has sent down, then those are they (who are) the disbelievers.

45.        And therein We prescribed for them, “The self for the self, and the eye for the eye, and the nose for the nose, and the ear for the ear, and the tooth for the tooth, and for wounds retaliation. So, whoever donates it, (i.e., remits the penalty or the retaliation as alms “a free-will offering”) then it is an expiation for him. And whoever does not judge according to what Allah has sent down, then those are they (who are) the unjust.”

46.        And We made to supervene on their tracks `Isa son of Maryam, (Jesus son of Mary) sincerely verifying whatever of the Tawrah (The Book revealed to Műsa “Moses”, of which the extant Torah is a corruption) was before him, (Literally: between: between his two hands) and We brought him the Injil, (The Book revealed to `Isa “Jesus”, of which the extant Gospel is a corruption) wherein there is a guidance and a light, and sincerely verifying whatever of the Tawrah (The Book revealed to Műsa “Moses”, of which the extant Torah is a corruption ) was before him, (Literally: between: between his two hands) and a guidance and an admonition to the pious.

47.        And let the Population (Or: the Family) of the Injil (The Book revealed to `Isa “Jesus”, of which the extant Gospel is a corruption) judge according to what Allah has sent down therein. And whoever does not judge according to what Allah has sent down, then those are they (who are) the immoral.

48.        And We have sent down to you the Book with the Truth, sincerely verifying whatever of the Book that was before it, (Literally: between its two hands) and Supremely Hegemonic over it. So judge between them according to what Allah has sent down, and do not ever follow their prejudices away from the Truth that has come to you. To every one of you We have made a legislation and a program. And if Allah had so decided, He would indeed have made you one nation; but (He did not) that He may try you in what He has brought you. So race with each other in the charitable (deeds); to Allah will be your return, altogether; so He will fully inform you of that wherein you used to differ.

49.        And (that) you should judge between them according to what Allah has sent down. And do not ever follow their prejudices, and beware of them (lest) they tempt you away from some (part) of what Allah has sent down to you. So, in case they turn away, then know that Allah wills only to afflict them for some of their guilty deeds; and surely many of mankind are indeed immoral.

50.        Is it then the judgment of (pagan) ignorance that they inequitably seek? And who is fairer in judgment than Allah, for a people having certitude?

51.        O you who have believed, do not take to yourselves the Jews and the Nasara (Christians) as patrons; some of them are patrons to some (others). And whoever of you patronizes them, then surely he is one of them. Surely Allah does not guide the unjust people.

52.        So you see the ones in whose hearts is sickness vie swiftly with one another among them. They say, “We are apprehensive lest a turn of (bad) fortune should afflict us.” Yet it may be that Allah will come up with the conquest, or a Command from His Providence, so they will be remorseful for what they kept secret within themselves.

53.        And the ones who have believed say, “Are these the ones who swore by Allah their most earnest oaths that surely they were indeed with you? Their deeds are frustrated, so they have become losers.”

54.    O you who have believed, whoever of you turns back from His Allahs) religion, then Allah will eventually come up with a people He loves and who love Him, humble towards the believers, mightily proud towards the disbelievers, striving in the way of Allah; and they do not fear the blame of (any) blamer. That is the Grace of Allah (that) He brings to whomever He decides; and Allah is Ever-Embracing, Ever-Knowing.

55.        Surely your Ever-Patronizing Patron is only Allah; and His Messenger, and the ones who have believed-who keep up the prayer and bring the Zakat, (i.e., pay the poor-dues) and are bowing down (to Allah) - (are also your patrons).

56.        And whoever makes Allah his Ever-Patronizing patron, and His Messenger and the ones who have believed (as patrons), (i.e., “those one the party of Allah) then surely the party of Allah are they who are the overcomers.

57.        O you who have believed, do not take to yourselves the ones who take your religion in mockery and as a plaything- from among the ones who were brought the Book even before you and (from among) the steadfast disbelievers-as constant patrons; and be pious to Allah in case you are believers.

58.        And when you call out to prayer, they take it to themselves in mockery and as a plaything; that is they are a people who do not consider.

59.        Say, (i.e. the prophet) “O you Population of the Book, (Or: Family of the Book; i.e., the Jews and Christians) do you take vengeance on us (for anything) except that we have believed in Allah, and what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down earlier, and that most of you are immoral?”

60.        Say (i.e. the prophet) “Shall I (fully) inform you of a requiting in the Meeting with Allah eviler than that? Whomever Allah has cursed and with whom He is angry and made (some) of them apes and swine, and worshipers of the Taghűt, (i.e. idols, and anything worshiped besides Allah) those are in eviler place and have erred further away from the level way.”

61.        And when they come to you, (i.e. the believers. The pronoun is plural) they say, “We believe.” And they have already entered with disbelief, and they have already gone out with it; and Allah knows best whatever they used to keep back.

62.        And you (i.e., The prophet. The pronoun is singular) see many of them vie swiftly in vice and hostility and in their eating (up) of illicit gains; miserable indeed is whatever they used to do!

63.        If (only) the rabbis and the doctors (of the Law) had been forbidding them speaking vice and the eating (up) of illicit gains! Miserable indeed is whatever they used to work out!

64.        And the Jews have said, “The Hand of Allah is shackled.” Shackled are their hands, and they are cursed for what they have said. No indeed (but) both His Hands are out spread, He expends how He decides. And indeed what has been sent down to you from your Lord will definitely increase many of them in all-in ordinance and disbelief; and We have cast among them enmity and abhorrence till the Day of the Resurrection. Whenever they kindle fire for war, Allah will extinguish it. And they endeavor (diligently) in the earth doing corruption; and Allah does not like the corruptors.

65.        And if the Population of the Book (O: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) had believed and been pious, We would indeed have expiated for them their odious deeds and would indeed have caused them to enter the Gardens of Bliss.

66.        And if they had kept up the Tawrah (The Book revealed to Műsa “Moses”) and the Injil (The Book revealed to `Isa “Jesus”) and what was sent down to them from their Lord, they would indeed have eaten from above them and from beneath their legs (i.e., beneath their feet). Among them is a moderate nation, and many of them-odious is whatever they do.

67.        O you Messenger, proclaim whatever has been sent down to you from your Lord; and in case you do not perform (that), then in no way have you proclaimed His Message; and Allah safeguards you from mankind. Surely Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.

68.        Say, “O Population of the Book, you are up to nothing until you keep up the Tawrah and the Injil and whatever has been sent to you from your Lord.” And indeed what has been sent down to you (The prophet Muhammad) from your Lord will definitely increase many of them in ordinance and disbelief, so do not feel sad for the disbelieving people.

69.        Surely the ones who have believed and the ones who have Judaized, and the SabîÉűn, (Sabaeans) and the Nasara, (The Christians) whoever has believed in Allah and the Last Day and done righteousness, then no fear will be on them, nor will they grieve.

70.        Indeed We already took compact with the Seeds (Or: sons) of Israel) and We sent Messengers to them. Whenever a Messenger came to them with what their selves do not yearn to, a group they cried lies to, and a group they killed.

71.        And they reckoned that there would be no temptation, so they were willfully blind, and they were willfully deaf, (yet) thereafter Allah relented on them; (then) thereafter they were willfully blind and they were willfully deaf, many of them; and Allah is Ever-Beholding whatever they do.

72.        Indeed they have already disbelieved, the ones who have said, “Surely Allah, He is the Masîh son of Maryam.” (The Missiah) And the Masîh said, “O Seeds of worship Allah, my Lord, and your Lord; surely whoever associates with Allah (anything), Allah has already prohibited him (entrance to) the Garden, and his abode will be the Fire; and in no way will the unjust have any vindicators.”

73.        Indeed they have already disbelieved, the ones who have said, “Surely Allah is the third of three.” And in no way is there any god except One God. And in case they do not refrain from what they say, indeed there will definitely touch the ones of them that have disbelieved a painful torment.

74.        Will they not then repent to Allah and ask His forgiveness? And Allah is Ever Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

75.        In no way is the Masîh son Maryam (The Messiah son of Mary) (anything) except a Messenger. The Messengers before him already passed away, and his mother was constantly sincere; they both used to eat food. Look how evident We make the signs to them; (then) thereafter look (again) however they are diverged (into falsehood).

76.        Say, “Do you worship, apart from Allah, that which possesses for you neither harm nor profit, and Allah, Ever He, is The Ever-Hearing, The Ever-Knowing?”

77.        Say, “O Population of the Book, (Or: Family of the Book, i.e., the Jews and Christians) do not go beyond the bounds in your religion, (following) other than the truth, and do not (ever) follow the prejudices of a people who have already erred earlier and led many into error, and erred away from the level way.”

78.    Cursed were the ones who disbelieved of the Seeds (Or: sons) of Israel) by the tongue of Dawűd (David) and `Isa the son of Maryam; (Jesus son of Mary) that is for that they disobeyed and they were transgressing.

79.        They used not to forbid one another any malfeasance that they performed. Miserable indeed was whatever they were performing!

80.        You see many of them patronizing the ones who have disbelieved. So miserable indeed is whatever their selves have forwarded for them, that Allah has been wrathful against them, and in the torment they are eternally (abiding).

81.        And if they had believed in Allah and the Prophet and what has been sent down to him, in no way would they have taken them to themselves as patrons; but many of them are immoral.

82.        Indeed you will definitely find the most serious of mankind in enmity to (the ones) who have believed are the Jews and the ones who have associated; (i.e., associated others with Allah) and indeed you will definitely find the nearest of them in affection to the ones who have believed are the ones who say, “Surely we are Nasara.” (Christians) That is for that among them are priests and monks, and they do not wax proud.

83.        And when they hear what has been sent down to the Messenger, you see their eyes overflow with tears for what they recognize of the Truth. They say, “Our Lord, we believe; so write us down among the witnesses.

84.        And what is it with us that we do not believe in Allah and what has come to us of the Truth! And we long for our Lord to cause us to enter with the righteous people.”

85.        So, Allah has requited them for what they say, Gardens from beneath which Rivers run, eternally (abiding) therein, and that is the recompense of the fair-doers.

86.        And the ones who have disbelieved and cried lies to Our signs, those are the companions (i.e., inhabitants) of the Hell-Fire.

87.        O you who have believed, do not prohibit whatever good things Allah has made lawful for you, and do not transgress. Surely Allah does not love the transgressors.

88.        And eat of whatever Allah has provided you, lawful and good, and be pious to Allah, in Whom you are believers.

89.         Allah does not take you to task for an idleness in your oaths, but He takes you to task for whatever contracts you have made by oaths. So the expiation thereof is the feeding of ten indigent persons with the average of that wherewith you feed your own families; or their raiment; or the freeing of a neck. (i.e., a slave) Yet, for him who does not find the (means), then (the expiation is) the fasting for three days. That is the expiation of your oaths when you have sworn; and keep your oaths. Thus Allah makes evident to you His signs, that possibly you would thank (Him).

90.        O you who have believed, surely wine and games of chance, and altars (for idols) and divining (i.e., divination by arrows or in any other way) are only an abomination of Ash-Shaytans (The all-vicious, the Devil) doing, so avoid it, that possibly you would prosper.

91.    Surely Ash- Shaytans (The all-vicious, the Devil) would only (like) to excite enmity and abhorrence among you by means of wine and games of chance, (Literally: in wine and games of chance) and to bar you from the remembrance of Allah, and from prayer. Will you then be refraining?

92.        And obey Allah and obey the Messenger, and beware; so, in case you turn away, then know that surely it is only for Our Messenger (to go on) with the evident proclamation.

93.        It is not a fault in the ones who have believed and done deeds of righteousness whatever they may (have fed) on (in the past) when they are (now) pious, and believe, and do deeds of righteousness, thereafter are pious, and believe, thereafter are pious, and do fair deeds; and Allah loves the fair-doers.

94.        O you who have believed, indeed Allah will definitely try you with something of the game that your hands and lances attain, that Allah may know who fears Him in the Unseen; so whoever transgresses after that, then he will have a painful torment.

95.        O you who have believed, do not kill the game (while) you are in pilgrim sanctity; (i.e., in the sacred precints or in the sanctified) and whoever of you kills it premeditatedly, then the recompense is the like of what he has killed, in (grazing) livestock as shall be judged by two men of justice (Literally: possessing “a sense of” justice) among you, an offering to reach the Kacbah, or expiation food for indigent persons, or the just equivalent of that in fasting, so that he may taste the pernicious result of His Command. (i.e. the Command of Allah) Allah has been clement towards what is bygone; and whoever goes back (to offense), then Allah will take vengeance on him; and Allah is Ever-Mighty, Owner of vengeance.

96.        The game of the sea and the food of it are made lawful for you, as (a necessary) enjoyment for you and the travellers; and prohibited to you is the game of the land, so long as you are in pilgrim sanctity; (i.e., in the sacred precincts or in the sanctified state of a pilgrim) and be pious to Allah, to Whom you will be mustered.

97.         Allah has made the Kacbah, the Inviolable Home, an upright (in-gathering) for mankind, and (likewise He has made) the in- violable month, and the offering, and the garlands. That (is so) that you may know that Allah knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and that Allah is Ever-Knowing of everything.

98.        Know that Allah is strict in punishment, and that Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

99.        In no way is there any (duty) for the Messenger except the proclamation (of the Message); and Allah knows whatever you display and whatever you keep back.

100.    Say, “The wicked and the good are not equal, even if you may admire the multiplicity of the wicked.” So be you (all) pious to Allah, you who are endowed with intellects, that possibly you would prosper.

101.    O you who have believed, do not ask about things which, in case they were displayed to you, would vex you, and in case you ask about them while the Qur’an is being sent down, they will be displayed to you. Allah has been clement towards them, (i.e., those things) and Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Forbearing.

102.    A people even before you already asked about them; thereafter they became disbelievers in them.

103.  In no way has Allah appointed (anything) as a Bahîrah or a SaÉibah, or a Wasilah or a Ham; (3) but the ones who have disbelieved fabricate against Allah lies, and most of them do not consider.

104.    And when it is said to them, “Come to what Allah has sent down and to the Messenger, ” they say, “Enough (Literally: enough reckoning) for us is what we found our fathers (doing).” And even if their fathers did not know anything and were not guided?

105.    O you who have believed, (look) after your (own) selves (Literally: upon you are yourselves). He who errs (does not) harm you when you are (rightly) guided. To Allah will be your return, altogether, so He will fully inform you of whatever you were doing.

106.    O you who have believed, the testimony between you, when death is present to any of you while bequeathing, shall be two (men) with (i.e. owning) a sense of justice or two others from other (folk), in case you are striking in the earth (i.e., traveling) so the affliction of death afflicts you. You shall detain them (both) after the prayer (s), then they shall swear by Allah, in case you are suspicious, “We will not trade it for a price, even if it were a near kinsman, nor will we keep back the testimony of Allah, (for) lo, surely in that case we are indeed of the vicious (people).”

107.    Yet, in case it be discovered that both of them have truly merited (the accusation of) vice, then two others shall rise up in place (Literally: in both their stations) of the ones nearest of the most concerned, (Literally: truly merit the right to witness, or near kinship, or who claim a lawful right) then they both shall swear by Allah, “Indeed our testimony is truer than their testimony, and in no way have we transgressed, (for), surely in that case we are indeed of the unjust (people).”

108.    So, it is likelier that they will bear testimony in proper form (Literally: come up with the testimony at its “proper” face) or fear that after their (other) oaths may be turned back to. And be pious to Allah and give ear (obediently); and Allah does not guide the immoral people.

109.    The Day when Allah will gather the Messengers, so He will say, “What answer were you given?” They will say, “We have no knowledge; surely You, Ever You, are The Superb Knower of the (Things) Unseen.”

110.    As Allah said, “O `Isa son of Maryam, (Jesus son of Mary) remember My favor upon you, and upon your (female) parent as I aided you with the Spirit of Holiness, Also called the Holy Spirit, i.e., the Angel Jibrîl) (so that) you speak to mankind in the cradle and in maturity; and as I taught you the Book, and (the) Wisdom and the Tawrah, (The Book revealed to Műsa “Moses”) and the Injil; (The Book revealed to `Isa “Jesus”) and as you create out of clay as the semblance of a bird, by My permission, so you blow into it, then it is a bird, by My permission; and you heal him who was born blind and the leper by My permission; and as you bring the dead out, by My permission; and as I restrained the Seeds (Or: sons) of Israel) from you as you came to them with the supreme evidences; then the ones who disbelieved among them said, “Decidedly this is nothing except evident sorcery.”

111.    And as I revealed to the Disciples (The followers of `Isa “Jesus”, also called the Apostles) (saying), “Believe in Me and in My Messenger.” They said, “We believe, and bear you witness that surely we (ourselves) are Muslims.” (Literally: we have surrendered to Him).

112.    As the Disciples (The followers of `Isa “Jesus”, also called the Apostles) said, “O `Isa son of Maryam, (Jesus son of Mary) is your Lord able to send down (The Arabic verb implies sending down more than once or in large quantities) upon us a Table from the heaven?” he said, “Be pious to Allah, in case you are believers.”

113.    They said, “We would (like) to eat of it and our hearts be composed; and that we may know that you have already (spoken) to us sincerely and that thereof we may be among the witnesses.”

114.    `Isa son of Maryam said, “O Allah, our Lord, send down upon us a Table from the heaven that will be (for) us a festival, for the first of us and the last (of us), and a sign from You. And provide for us; and You are The Most Charitable of providers.”

115.     Allah said, “Surely I am sending it down upon you; so, whoever of you hereafter disbelieves, then surely I will torment him with a torment wherewith I do not torment anyone of the worlds.”

116.    And as Allah said, “O `Isa son of Maryam, (Jesus son of Mary) did you say to mankind, “cTake me and my mother to your selves as two gods, apart from Allah ?” He said, All Extolment be to You! In no way is it for me to say what I have no right to. In case I ever said it. then You already know it. You know whatever is within my self, and I do not know what is within Your Self; surely You, Ever You, are The Superb Knower of the Things Unseen.

117.    In no way did I say to them (anything) except whatever You commanded me (saying), “Worship Allah, my Lord, and your Lord.” And I was a witness over them, as long as I was among them; then as soon as You took me up, You, Ever You, have been The Watcher over them, and You are Ever-Witnessing over everything.

118.    In case You torment them, then surely they are Your bondmen; and in case You forgive them, then surely You, Ever You, are The Ever-Mighty, The Ever-Wise.”

119.     Allah said, “This is the Day the sincere ones will profit by their sincerity (Literally: their sincerity will benefit the sincere “ones”). For them are Gardens from beneath which Rivers run, eternally (abiding) therein forever. Allah is satisfied with them, and they are satisfied with Him. That is the magnificent triumph.”

120.    To Allah (belongs) the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth and whatever is in them; and He is Ever-Determiner over everything.

 

 

6.Surat Al-An`âm (Cattle)

In The Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful.

1.            Praise be to Allah Who created the heavens and the earth, and made darkness (es) and light, thereafter the ones who have disbelieved unjustly set up equals (Or: rivals) to their Lord.

2.            He is (The One) Who created you of clay, thereafter He decreed a term, and a term is stated in His Sight; thereafter you wrangle about that.

3.            And He is Allah in the heavens and in the earth. He knows your secret and your speaking aloud and He knows whatever you are earning.

4.            And in no way is there even a sign of the signs of their Lord that comes up to them except that they are veering away from it.

5.            So they already cried lies to the Truth as soon as it came to them. Then the tidings of whatever they used to mock will eventually come up to them.

6.            Have they not seen how many a generation We caused to perish even before them, (whom) We had established in the earth, in whatever We have not established you, and We sent the heaven upon them plentifully, and made the rivers to run from beneath them? Then We caused them to perish for their guilty (deeds), and We brought into being even after them another generation.

7.            And if We had been sending down upon you a Book on paper, so they touched it with their hands, the ones who have disbelieved would indeed have said, “Decidedly this is nothing except evident sorcery.”

8.            And they said, “If only an Angel had been sent down on him!” And (yet), if We had sent down an Angel, the Command would indeed have been decreed; thereafter they would not be respited.

9.            And if We had made him an Angel, We would indeed have made him a man, and We would indeed have confounded for them whatever they are confounding.

10.        And indeed Messengers were already mocked at even before you; then what they were scoffing at redounded upon the ones who mocked at them.

11.        Say, “Travel in the earth; thereafter look into how was the end of the beliers.”

12.        Say, “To whom (belongs) whatever is in the heavens and the earth?” Say, “To Allah.” He has prescribed for Himself (the) mercy. Indeed He will definitely gather you to the Day of the Resurrection; there is no suspicion about it. The ones who have lost their (own) selves; so they do not believe.

13.        And to Him belongs whatever rests in the night and the daytime; and He is The Ever-Hearing, The Ever-Knowing.

14.        Say, “Shall I take to myself as constant patron other than Allah, The Originator (Literally: The Renderer) of the heavens and the earth, and He is (The One) Who feeds, and is not fed?” Say, “Surely I have been commanded to be the first of the ones who have surrendered, ” (i.e. who have become Muslims) and definitely do not be of the associators (i.e., those who associate others with Allah).

15.        Say, “Surely I fear, in case I disobey my Lord, the torment of a tremendous Day.”

16.        From whomever it is turned about (i.e., it “torment” is turned away) upon that Day, then He will have mercy on him; and that is the evident triumph.

17.        And in case Allah touches you with an adversity, then none (can) lift it off except He, and in case He touches you with charity, (i.e., benefit, welfare) then He is Ever-Determiner over everything.

18.        And He is The Vanquisher above His bondmen, and He is The Ever-Wise, The Ever-Cognizant.

19.        Say, “Which thing is greatest in testimony?” Say, “ Allah is Ever- Witnessing between me and you; and this Qur’an has been revealed to me to warn you thereby and whomever it reaches.” Do you surely bear witness indeed that there are other gods with Allah?” Say, “I do not bear witness.” Say, “Surely He is only One God, and surely I (myself) am quit of whatever you associate (with Him).”

20.        The ones to whom We have brought the Book recognize it (just) as they recognize their sons. The ones who lost their (own) selves, so they do not believe.

21.        And who is more unjust than he who fabricates against Allah a lie, or cries lies to His signs? Sure it is that the unjust will not prosper.

22.        And on the Day We muster them altogether, thereafter We say to the ones who associated (other gods with Allah), “Where are your associates whom you were asserting?”

23.        Thereafter they will have no temptation (i.e., contention, subterfuge. Literally: their temptation will be (nothing) except that they (will) say, “By Allah, our Lord, in no way were we associators (of other gods with Allah).”

24.        Look into how they lie against themselves and how whatever they were fabricating has erred away from them.

25.        And among them are they who listen to you, and We set (Literally: make) upon their hearts lids, (so) they do not comprehend it, and in their ears obstruction; and in case they see every sign, they do not believe in it, until (the time) when they come to you, they dispute with you. The ones who have disbelieved say, “Decidedly this is nothing except the myths of the earliest (peoples).”

26.        And they forbid (i.e., the Qur’an) it, and retire aside of it, (i.e., keep away from it) and decidedly it is only themselves they cause to perish, and in no way are they aware of (it).

27.        And if you could see (them) as they are made to stand against the Fire, so they say, “Oh, would that we might be turned back, and (then) we would not cry lies to the signs of our Lord, and we would be among the believers!”

28.        No indeed, that which they were concealing earlier has (now) become displayed to them; and (even) if they were turned back, they would indeed go back to what they were forbidden; and surely they are liars indeed.

29.        And they have said, “Decidedly there is (nothing) except our present life, (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) and in no way ever are we made to rise again.”

30.        And if you could see (them) as they are made to stand against their Lord! He will say, “Is not this (ever) the Truth?” They will say, “Yes indeed by our Lord!” He will say, “Then taste the torment because you used to disbelieve.”

31.        The ones who have cried lies to the meeting with Allah have already lost until, when the Hour comes to them suddenly, they will say, “Oh, alas for us, for whatever we neglected in it.” And they will be carrying their encumbrances (Literally: whatever “they are encumbered with”) on their backs. Verily odious are the encumbrances they bear!

32.        And in no way is the present life (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) (anything) except a plaything and a diversion, and the Last Residence is indeed most charitable for the ones who are pious. Do you then not consider?

33.        We already know that surely it indeed grieves you (the things) they say. Yet surely they do not cry lies to you, but the unjust (people) repudiate the signs of Allah.

34.        And Messengers even before you were indeed already cried lies to, (yet) they were patient against what they were cried lies to (i.e., patient with what they were accused of lying about) and were hurt, until Our victory came up to them. And none can exchange the Words of Allah, and indeed there has already come to you (some) tiding of the Emissaries.

35.        And in case their veering away from you is greatly (annoying) to you, so in case you are able to seek out a tunnel in the earth, or a ladder in the heaven, then you would come up to them with a sign. And if Allah had so decided, He would indeed have gathered them to the guidance. So definitely do not be one of the ignorant.

36.        Surely the ones who will respond are only the ones who hear. And the dead, Allah will make them rise again. thereafter to Him they will be returned.

37.        And they have said, “If (only) a sign had been sent down upon him from his Lord!” Say, “Surely Allah is Determiner over sending down a sign, but most of them do not know.”

38.        And in no way is there a beast (moving) in the earth nor a bird flying with its two wings except that they are nations like you. In no way have We neglected anything whatever in the Book; thereafter to their Lord they will be mustered.

39.        And the ones who have cried lies to Our signs are deaf and dumb in the darkness (es). Whomever Allah decides, He leads away into error, and whomever He decides, He sets (Literally: makes) him on a straight Path.

40.        Say, “Have you seen (for) yourselves, in case the torment of Allah comes up to you or the Hour comes up to you, will you invoke any other than Allah, in case you are (truly) sincere?”

41.        No indeed, Him only you do invoke, so He lifts off that for which you invoke Him in case He (so) decides, and you will forget whatever you associate (with Him).

42.        And indeed We have already sent to nations even before you; so We took them (to task) with misery and tribulation, that possibly they would supplicate to (Us).

43.        If (only) as Our violence came to them, they had supplicated! But their hearts hardened and Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) adorned to them whatever they were doing.

44.        So, as soon as they forgot what they were reminded of, We opened upon them the gates of everything, until when they exulted with what was brought to them, We took them (away) suddenly; then lo, they were dumbfounded.

45.        So, the last trace of the people who did injustice was cut (off). And praise be to Allah, The Lord of the worlds.

46.        Say, “Have you seen (that) in case Allah takes away your hearing and your be holdings, (Literally: eyesights) and seals your hearts, who is a god other than Allah to come up with them (back) to you?” (i.e., bring them “back” to you) Look how We propound the signs; thereafter they turn aside.

47.        Say, “Have you seen for yourselves? In case the torment of Allah comes up to you suddenly or openly, will any be perished except the unjust people?”

48.        And in no way do We send the Emissaries except as constant bearers of good tidings and constant warners. So whoever believes and acts righteously, then no fear will be on them, nor will they grieve.

49.        And the ones who cry lies to Our signs, (the) torment will touch them for that they used to be immoral (i.e., with me).

50.        Say, “I do not say to you I have in my presence (i.e., with me) the treasuries of Allah, and I do not know the Unseen, and I do not say to you that surely I am an Angel. Decidedly I closely follow (nothing) except what has been revealed to me.” Say, “Are the blind and the constantly beholding (man) equal? Will you then not meditate?”

51.        And warn with it the ones who fear that they will be mustered to their Lord. They have, apart from Him, no constant patron and no constant intercessor, that possibly they would be pious.

52.        And do not drive away the ones who invoke their Lord in the early morning and at nightfall willing (to seek) His Face; in no way are you (responsible) for their reckoning in anything, and in no way are they (responsible) for your reckoning in anything that you should drive them away, and so you would be of the unjust.

53.        And thus We have tempted some of them by (others) (Literally: by some “others”) that they may say, “Are these (the ones) Allah has been bounteous to among us?” Is not Allah the Best Knower of the thankful?

54.        And when the ones who believe in Our signs come to you, then say, “Peace be upon you. Your Lord has prescribed for Himself (the) mercy, that whoever of you does an odious deed in ignorance, thereafter repents even after that and acts righteously, then (say) that He is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.”

55.        And thus We expound the signs, and that the way of the criminals may become evident.

56.        Say, “Surely I am forbidden to worship the ones you invoke apart from Allah.” Say, “I do not ever follow your prejudices, (then) lo, I have already erred, and in no way would I be of the rightly- guided.”

57.        Say, “Surely I am on a supreme evidence from my Lord and you have cried lies to it. In no way do I have whatever you seek to hasten; decidedly the judgment is with none except Allah. He narrates the Truth, and He is The Most Charitable of verdict givers.”

58.        Say, “If whatever you seek to hasten were in my presence, the Command between me and you would indeed be decreed, and Allah is the Best Knower of the unjust.”

59.        And in His Providence are the keys of the Unseen; none knows them except He. And He knows whatever is in the land and the sea. And in no way does a leaf fall down, except that He knows it, and not a grain in the darkness (es) of the earth, not a thing wet or dry, except that it is in an evident Book.

60.        And He is (The One) Who takes you up by night, and He knows whatever you indulge in by daytime; thereafter He makes you rise again therein that a stated term may be decreed; thereafter to Him will be your return; thereafter He will fully inform you of whatever you were doing.

61.        And He is The Vanquisher above His bondmen, and He sends preservers over you till, when death comes to any of you, Our Messengers take him up, and they (i.e., the Messengers) do not ever neglect.

62.        Thereafter they are turned back to Allah their Supreme Patronizer, The True. Verily His is the judgment; and He is The Swiftest of Reckoners.

63.        Say, “Who safely delivers you from the darkness (es) of the land and the sea? You invoke Him supplicating and (covertly) concealed, “Indeed in case He delivers us from these, indeed we will definitely be among the thankful.”

64.        Say, Allah safely delivers you from them and from every agony; thereafter you associate (others) with Him.”

65.        Say, “He is The Determiner over sending forth upon you a torment, from above you or from beneath your legs, (i.e., under your feet) or to confound you in sects and to make you taste the violence of one another.” (Literally: some of you… the violence of some) Look how We propound the signs that possibly they would comprehend.

66.        And your people have cried it lies; and it is the Truth. Say, “I am not a constant trustee over you.

67.        Every tiding has its repository; and you will eventually know.”

68.        And when you see the ones who wade (Or: plunge; become absorbed in) into Our signs, then veer away from them until they wade (Or: plunge; become absorbed in) into (some) other discourse; and in case Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) ever definitely makes you forget, then do not sit, after the Reminding, with the unjust people.

69.        And in no way are the ones who are pious (responsible) for their reckoning in anything. But (it is only) a Reminding, that possibly they would be pious.

70.        And leave out the ones who have taken to themselves their religion for a plaything and a diversion, and whom the present (Literally: lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) life has deluded. And remind with it (i.e., with the true religion ( Islam) so that a self should not be discomfited for what it has earned. Apart from Allah, it has no patron or intercessor. And in case it has (performed) all (acts) of justice, (Literally: if it does Justice with all Justice) it will not be taken from it. Those are they who are discomfited for what they have earned; they will have a drink of scalding (water) and a painful torment for what they used to disbelieve.

71.        Say, “Shall we invoke, apart from Allah, that which neither profits nor harms us, and will we be turned back on our heels after that Allah has guided us?” Like him whom Ash-Shayâtîn (The all-vicious “ones”; i.e., the devils) have lured in the earth, bewildered, (who) has companions calling him to the Guidance, “Come up to us!” Say, ” Surely the Guidance of Allah is the (true) Guidance, and we are commanded to surrender to The Lord of the worlds,

72.        And to keep up the prayer (s), and be pious to Him, and He is (The One) to Whom you will be mustered.”

73.        And He is (The One) Who created the heavens and the earth with the Truth; and the day He says, “Be!” and it is. His Saying is the Truth, and His is the Kingdom the Day the Trumpet will be blown; He is The Knower of the Unseen and the Witnessed; and He is The Ever-Wise, The Ever-Cognizant.

74.        And as Ibrahîm (Abraham) said to his father Éazar, “Do you take to yourself idols for gods? Surely I see you and your people in evident error.”

75.        And thus We show Ibrahîm (Abraham) the dominion of the heavens and the earth that he may be of the ones of constant certitude.

76.        So as soon as the night outspread over him, he saw a planet. He said, “This is my Lord.” Then, as soon as it set, (Literally: waned, faded) he said, “I do not love the setting (things).”

77.        Then, as soon as he saw the moon emerging, he said, “This is my Lord.” Yet as soon as it set, he said, “Indeed unless my Lord guides me, indeed I will definitely be of the erring people.”

78.        Then, as soon as he saw the sun emerging, he said, “This is my Lord, this is greater.” Yet as soon as it set, he said, “O my people, surely I am quit of whatever you associate (with Allah).

79.        Surely I have directed my face to Him Who originated (i.e., created) the heavens and the earth, unswervingly upright, (i.e., by nature upright) and in no way am I one of the associators.” (i.e., those who associate others with Allah)

80.        And his people argued with him. He said, “Do you argue with me concerning Allah, and He has already guided me? And I do not fear what you associate with Him, except my Lord will decide anything. My Lord embraces everything in His Knowledge; will you not remind yourselves?

81.        And how should I fear what you have associated, and you do not fear that you have associated with Allah that on which He has not sent down on you any all-binding authority? Then, which of the two groups is truly (worthier) of security, in case you know?”

82.        The ones who have believed and have not confounded their belief with injustice, to those belong the (true) security, and they are right-guided.

83.        And that is Our Argument, (which) We brought Ibrahîm (Abraham) against his people. We raise up in degrees whomever We decide; surely your Lord is Ever-Wise, Ever-Knowing.

84.    And We bestowed upon him Ishâq and Ya`qűb; (`Isaac and Jacob, respectively) each one We guided. And Nűh (Noah) We guided earlier, and of his offspring Dawűd and Sulayman, and Ayyűb and Yűsuf, and Műsa and Harűn (David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses and Aaron, respectively). And thus We recompense the fair-doers.

85.        And Zakariyya and Yahya and `Isa and Ilyâs, (Zechariah, John, Jesus and Elias “=Elijah”, respectively) each one was of the righteous.

86.    And  Isma`îl and Alyasa`a and Yűnus, and Lűt; (Ishmael, Elisha, Jonah and Lot, respectively) and each one We graced over the worlds;

87.        And of their fathers, and of their off springs, and of their brethren; and We selected them, and We guided them to a straight Path.

88.        That is the Guidance of Allah; He guides by it whomever He decides of His bondmen; and if they associated anything (with Him), indeed whatever they were doing would be frustrated for them.

89.        Those are they to whom We brought the Book, and the Judgment, and the Prophethood; yet, in case these disbelieve in it, then We have already entrusted it to a people who are not disbelievers in it (at all).

90.        Those are they whom Allah has guided; so emulate their guidance. Say, “I do not ask you (any) reward for it; decidedly it is (nothing) except a Reminding to the worlds.”

91.        And in no way have they estimated Allah His true estimate as they said, “In no way has Allah sent down anything on any mortal.” Say, “Who sent down the Book that Műsa (Moses) came with (as) a light and a guidance to mankind? You make it into papers, displaying them, and concealing much; and you were taught what you did not know yourselves, nor your fathers.” Say, “ Allah.” Thereafter leave them out, playing in their wading (i.e., plunge in vain discourse).

92.        And this is a Book We have sent down, blessed (and) sincerely (verifying) that which was before (Literally: between its two hands) it, and for you to warn the Mother of the Towns (Makkah) and whomever are around it; and the ones who believe in the Hereafter believe in it, and they (constantly) preserve their prayer.

93.        And who is more unjust than he who has fabricated against Allah a lie, or has said, “To me it has been revealed, ” and nothing has been revealed to him, and who has said, “I will send down the like of what Allah has sent down.” And if you could see, as the unjust (people) are in the perplexities of death and the Angels are stretching out their hands. “Get yourselves out! Today you are recompensed with the torment of degradation for what you were saying against Allah other than the truth, and you used to wax proud against His signs.”

94.        And indeed you have come to Us singly, as We created you the first time, and you have left whatever We granted you behind your backs. And in no way do We see with you your intercessors whom you asserted to be associates in you. Indeed (the bonds) between you are already cut off, and whatever you were asserting has erred away from you.

95.        Surely Allah is The Splitter of the grains and nuclei Also: date-pits, fruit stones and other kernels). He brings out the living from the dead, and He is The Bringer out of the dead from the living. That (Literally: those) is Allah; then, however are you diverged (into falsehood)?

96.        The Splitter of the daybreak, and He has made the night for rest, and the sun and moon to all-reckoned (courses). That is the determining of The Ever-Mighty, The Ever-Knowing.

97.        And He is (The One) Who has made for you the stars that you may be guided by them in the darkness (es) of the land and the sea. We have already expounded the signs for a people who know.

98.        And He is (The One) Who brought you into being from one self, then (for you is) a repository, then a depository. We (On the earth, then in the grave) have already expounded the signs for a people who comprehend.

99.        And He is (The One) Who has sent down from the heaven water; so thereby We have brought out the growth of everything; so We have brought out of it greenery, from which We bring out close-compounded grains, and out of the palm-trees, from their spaces, thick-clustered (dates) within reach, and gardens of vineyards, and the olives, and the pomegranates, each similar to each, and each not (Literally: other than being cosimilar) similar to each. Look upon their produce when they have produced, and their mellowness. Surely, in that (Literally: in those) are indeed signs for a people who believe.

100.    And they have made to Allah, as associates, the jinn; and He created them, and they have falsely imputed to Him sons and daughters without any knowledge. All Extolment be to Him and be He Supremely Exalted above what they describe.

101.    The Ever-Innovating of the heavens and the earth-however does He have a child, and He has no female companion, and He created everything, and He is Ever-Knowing of everything?

102.    That is Allah, your Lord, there is no god except He, the Creator of everything. So worship Him; and He is an Ever-Trusted Trustee over everything.

103.    Beholdings (i.e., eyesights) cannot perceive Him, and He perceives be holdings and He is The Ever-Kind, The Ever-Cognizant.

104.    Demonstrations have already come to you from your Lord; so whoever beholds, it is for his own good, (Literally: foe his “own” self) and whoever is blind, it is to his own harm, (Literally: upon his “own” self) and in no way am I (i.e. the prophet) a constant preserver over you.

105.    And thus We propound the signs, and that they may say, “You have studied, ” and that We may make it evident to a people who know.

106.    Closely follow what has been revealed to you (i.e. the prophet) from your Lord; there is no god except He, and veer away from the associators (i.e., those who associate others with Allah).

107.    And if Allah had so decided, in no way would they have associated (anything with Him); and in no way have We made you a constant preserver over them; and in no way are you as a constant trustee over them.

108.    And do not abuse the ones whom they invoke apart from Allah, (or) then they would abuse Allah aggressively without knowledge. Thus We have adorned (i.e., made attractive) to every nation their deed (s); thereafter to their Lord will be their return; so He will fully inform them of whatever they were doing.

109.    And they have sworn by Allah the most earnest oaths, that, indeed, in case a sign comes to them, indeed they will definitely believe in it. Say, “Surely the signs are only within the Providence of Allah; and what will make you (i.e., the believers) aware that, when it comes, they will not believe?”

110.    And We will turn about their heart-sights (Or: perception) and their beholdings, (i.e., eyesights) just as they did not believe in it the first time; and We will leave them out in their in ordinance blundering.

111.    And if We Ourselves had been sending down the Angels to them, and the dead had spoken to them, and We had mustered against them everything, face to face, (Or: in array) in no way indeed would they have been to believe except (when) Allah decides; but most of them are ignorant.

112.    And thus We have made to every Prophet an enemy: Shayâtîn All-vicious (ones), i.e., devils) of humankind and jinn, revealing fanciful (Literally: decorated) speech to each other, (all) as delusion. And if your Lord had (so) decided, in no way would they have performed it. So leave them out to whatever they fabricate.

113.    And (this is so) that the heart-sights of (the ones) who do not believe in the Hereafter may be readily attentive, and that they may be satisfied with it, and that they may score whatever they are scoring.

114.     (say, ) “Then, shall I inequitably seek other than Allah for arbiter, and He is (The One) Who has sent down to you the Book (clearly) expounded?” And the ones to whom We brought the Book know that it is being sent down from your Lord with the Truth, so do not definitely be of the constant wranglers.

115.    And perfected is the Word of your Lord in sincerity and justice; nothing whatever can exchange His Words; and He is the Ever-Hearer, The Ever-Knowing.

116.    And in case you obey most of whoever are on earth, (Literally: in the earth) they will make you err away from the way of Allah; decidedly they closely follow nothing except surmise, and decidedly they do (nothing) except conjecture.

117.    Surely your Lord is He Who knows best who errs away from His way, and He knows best the rightly-guided.

118.    So eat of that over which The Name of Allah has been mentioned, in case you are believers in His signs.

119.    And how is it with you, that you do not eat of that over which The Name of Allah has been mentioned-and He has expounded whatever He has prohibited to you-except whatever you are constrained to? And surely many do indeed lead into error by their prejudices without (any) knowledge. Surely your Lord is He Who knows best the transgressors.

120.    And leave behind the outward vice and the inward; surely the ones who earn vice will soon be recompensed for what they were scoring.

121.    And do not eat of that over which The Name of Allah has not been mentioned, and surely it is indeed an immorality. And surely Ash-Shayâtîn (The all-vicious “ones”, i.e., the devil) do indeed reveal to their patrons to dispute with you. And in case you obey them, (then) surely you are indeed associators (i.e., those who associate others with Allah).

122.    And is he who was deceased, then We gave him life and made for him a light to walk by among mankind, as one whose likeness is in the darkness (es), (and) he is not coming out of them? Thus whatever the disbelievers were doing was adorned (i.e., made attractive) for them.

123.    And thus We made in every town great ones among its criminals to scheme therein; and in no way do they scheme against anyone except themselves, and in no way are they aware.

124.    And when a sign (i.e., an "ayah” = a verse) came to them, they said, “We will never believe until we are brought the like of what the Messengers of Allah were brought.” Allah knows best where He makes His Message. Belittlement in the Meeting (i.e., the Reckoning of Allah) with Allah will soon afflict the ones who committed (crimes) and a strict torment (will afflict them) for whatever they were scheming.

125.    So, whomever Allah wills to guide, He expands his breast to  Islam; and whomever He wills to lead into error, He makes his breast straitened, restricted, as if he were laboriously climbing up in the heaven. Thus Allah sets (Literally: makes) abomination upon (the ones) who do not believe.

126.    And this is the Path of your Lord, straight; We have already expounded the signs to a people who constantly remember.

127.    For them is the Residence of Peace within the Providence of their Lord; and He is their Ever- Patronizing Patron for whatever they were doing.

128.    And the Day (when) He will muster them altogether (and say), “O company of jinn, you have already made much of humankind.” And their patrons among humankind will say, “Our Lord; we have enjoyed (privileges) with one another, (Literally: some of them with some “others”) and we have reached the term You have appointed for us.” He will say, “The Fire is your lodging, eternally (abiding) therein, except as Allah decides.” Surely your Lord is Ever-Wise, Ever-Knowing.

129.    And thus We make the unjust ones patrons of each other, for whatever they were earning.

130.    “O company of jinn and humankind, did Messengers not come up to you from among you, (who) narrated to you My signs and warned you of the meeting of this your Day?” They will say, “We bear witness against ourselves.” And the present life (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) deluded them, and they bore witness against themselves that they were disbelievers.

131.    That is so, for your Lord would not cause towns to perish unjustly, (Literally: with injustice) (while) their population are heedless.

132.    And all have degrees (according) to what they have done, and in no way is your Lord ever heedless of whatever they do.

133.    And your Lord is The Ever-Affluent, (Literally: The Ever-Rich) The Owner of (the) mercy. In case He decides, He (can) put you away, and cause whatever He decides to succeed even after you, as He brought you from the offspring of another people.

134.    Surely whatever you are promised will indeed be coming up (to you); and in no way are you able to be defiant to (Him).

135.    Say, “O my people, act (Literally: do) according to your situation; surely I am acting. Then eventually you will know who will have the (ultimate) End (i.e., Paradise) of the Residence! Sure it is (that) the unjust will not prosper.”

136.    And they made for Allah of whatever tillage and cattle that He propagated, an assignment; so they said, “This is for Allah, ” according to their assertion, and, “This is for Allah” according to their assertion, and, “This is for our associates.” (i.e., what they associate with Allah) So, whatever is for their associates does not get to Allah, and whatever is for Allah, then (this is what) gets to their associates. Odious is whatever (way) they judge!

137.    And thus, their associates (i.e., what they associate with Allah) have adorned (i.e., have made attractive) to many associators the killing of their children (in order) to topple them and confound for them their religion. And if Allah had (so) decided, they would not have performed it. So leave them alone with whatever they fabricate.

138.    And they have said, “These are cattle (Arabic ’ancam includes cattle, camels, sheep and goats) and tillage sacrosanct; none shall feed on them except whom we decide, ” according to their assertion, and cattle whose backs have been prohibited, and cattle over which they do not mention The Name of Allah, fabricating (lies) against (Him). He will soon recompense them for whatever they were fabricating.

139.    And they have said, “What is within the bellies of these cattle (Arabic ’ancam includes cattle, camels, sheep and goats) is exclusively for our males and prohibited to our spouses; and in case it is dead, then they shall be partners in it.” He will soon recompense them for their describing; surely He is Ever-Wise, Ever-Knowing.

140.    They have already lost, the ones who have killed their children in folly, without knowledge and have prohibited what Allah has provided them, fabricating against Allah; they have already erred, and in no way are they rightly-guided.

141.    And He is The (One) Who has brought into being gardens trellised and untrellised, and the palm-trees, and plantation of different crops, and the olives, and the pomegranates, cosimilar and not cosimilar (Literally: other than being cosimilar). Eat of their produce when they have produced, and bring the true (right) thereof on the day of its harvest, and do not be extravagant; surely He does not love the extravagant.

142.    And of the cattle, (Arabic ’ancam includes cattle, camels, sheep and goats) fit for burden and for a bedding, (i.e., for slaughter and furnishing) eat of what Allah has provided you, and do not ever follow the steps of Ash-Shaytan; (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) surely he is an evident enemy to you.

143.    Eight pairs: (i.e., eight males and females paired together) of mutton two, (i.e., sheep) and of goats two. Say, “Has He prohibited the two males or even the two females? Or even what the wombs of the two females contain? Fully inform me with knowledge, in case you are sincere.”

144.    And of the camels two, and of the bovine two. Say, “Has He prohibited the two males or even the two females? Or even what the wombs of the two females contain? Or even were you witnesses as Allah enjoined you with this? Then who is more unjust than he who fabricates against Allah a lie that he may lead mankind into error without (any) knowledge? Surely Allah does not guide the unjust people.”

145.    Say, “I do not find in what has been revealed to me anything prohibited to an eater (Literally: feeder) who feeds thereof except it be carrion, (i.e., deal meat) or blood poured forth or the flesh of swine, (for) then surely that is an abomination or an immoral thing that has been acclaimed to other than Allah. Yet whoever is constrained, without being inequitable or aggressive, then surely your Lord is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.”

146.    And to the ones who Judaized We have prohibited everything with (Literally: possessing, equipped with, owning) claws; and of the bovine and the sheep We have prohibited them the fat of them, except what their backs bear, or the entrails, or what is mixed up with bone (s); (by) that We recompensed them for their inequity; and surely We indeed are sincere.

147.    So, in case they cry you lies, then say, “Your Lord is The Owner of embracing mercy, and His violence will not be turned back from the criminal people.”

148.    The ones who have associated (i.e., associated others with Allah) will soon say, “If Allah had (so) decided, in no way would we have associated (with Him), nor our fathers, nor would we have even prohibited anything.” Thus, the ones before them cried lies until they tasted Our violence. Say, “Do you have in your presence any knowledge so you can bring it out to us? Decidedly you closely follow (nothing) except surmise, and decidedly you (do nothing) except conjecture.”

149.    Say, “So to Allah is the consummately proclaimed argument; then, if He had (so) decided, He would indeed have guided you altogether.”

150.    Say, “Bring forward your witnesses who bear witness that Allah has prohibited this.” So, in case they bear witness, (then) do not bear witness with them, and do not ever follow the prejudices of the ones who have cried lies to Our signs, and the ones who do not believe in the Hereafter, and they (unjustly) set up equals to their Lord.

151.    Say, “Come (so that) I may recite what your Lord has prohibited you: that you do not associate anything with Him, and to show fairest (companionship) to (your) parents; and do not kill your children (out) of want. We provide for you and for them too. And do not draw near obscenities (i.e., irregular sexual intercourse; shameful) whatever (of these) is outward and whatever inward; and do not kill the self that Allah has prohibited, except with the truth (i.e., by right, in the course of justice). That He has enjoined you with, that possibly you would consider.

152.    And do not draw near the wealth of the orphan, except in the fairest (manner), until he has reached full age. And fill up the measure and the balance with equity. We do not charge (any) self except to its capacity; and when you say (anything), then be just (i.e., do justice) even if he were a near kinsman. And fulfil the covenant of Allah. That is what He has enjoined you with, that possibly you would be mindful.

153.    And that this is My Path, a straight (one); so follow it closely and do not follow the (other) ways, or then they would make you part away from His way. That (Literally: those “rules”) is what He has enjoined you with, that possibly you would be pious.”

154.  Thereafter We brought Műsa (Moses) the Book, perfect for him who does fair (deeds), and expounding everything, and a guidance and a mercy, that possibly they would believe in the meeting with their Lord.

155.    And this is a Book We have sent down, blessed; so follow it closely and be pious, that possibly you would be (granted) mercy.

156.    So that you may not say, “Surely the Book was sent down only upon two sections even before us, and decidedly we have indeed been heedless of their study.”

157.    Or that you may not say, “ (As) for us, if the Book had been sent down upon us, we would indeed have been more rightly-guided than they.” Yet a supreme evidence has already come to you from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy. So, who is more unjust than he who cries lies to the signs of Allah and turns aside from them? We will soon recompense the ones who turn aside from Our signs with an odious torment for that they used to turn aside (from them).

158.    Do they look for (nothing) except that the Angels should come up to them, or that your Lord should come up, or that some of the signs of your Lord should come up? On the Day some of the signs of your Lord come up, its belief will not profit a self that did not believe earlier or earned some charity, (i.e., benefits) in its belief. Say, “Wait! Surely we (too) are waiting.”

159.    Surely the ones who have caused disunity in their religion and (become) sects, you are not one of them in anything; surely their Command (i.e., the Command of Allah to them) is only to Allah; thereafter He will fully inform them of whatever they were performing.

160.    Whoever comes with a fair deed, (Literally: the fair deed) then he will have ten times the like of it, and whoever comes with an odious deed, (Literally: the odious deed) then he will not be recompensed except the like of it; and they will not be done an injustice.

161.    Say, “Surely (as for) myself, my Lord has guided me to a straight Path, a religion (truly) upright, the creed of Ibrahîm, (Abraham) (the) unswervingly upright, and in no way was he one of the associators.” (Those who associate others with Allah).

162.    Say, “Surely my prayer, and my rites, and my living, and my dying are for Allah, The Lord of the worlds.”

163.    No associate has He; and this I am commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.” (Literally: of the ones who have surrendered to Allah).

164.    Say, “Shall I inequitably seek other than Allah for Lord and He is the Lord of everything? And every self earns nothing except what is to its own account; and no encumbered self is encumbered by the encumbrance of another self; thereafter to your Lord will be your return, so He will fully inform you wherein you used to differ.

165.    And He is (The One) Who made you succeeding each other (in) the earth, and has raised some of you above others (Literally: above “some” others) in degrees, that He may try you in what He has brought you. Surely your Lord is swift in punishment, and surely He is indeed Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

 

7. Surat Al- A`râf (The Battlements)

In The Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful.

1.            Alif, Lam, Mîm, Sad (These are the names of letters of the Arabic alphabet and only Allah knows their meaning here).

2.            A Book sent down to you, (i.e., The prophet) so let there be no restriction in your breast on account of it, that you may warn thereby; and (it is) a Reminding for the believers.

3.            Closely follow what has been sent down to you (i.e. the believers) from your Lord, and do not ever follow patrons apart from Him; little are you mindful!

4.            And how many a town We have caused to perish, so Our violence came to it at night (in their homes), or while halting (at midday).

5.            So, in no way did they have a plea as Our violence came to them, except that they said, “Surely we were unjust.”

6.            So, indeed We will definitely ask the ones to whom (a Message) was sent, and indeed we will definitely ask the Emissaries.

7.            Then indeed We will definitely narrate to them with Knowledge, and in no way were We absent.

8.            And the weight upon that Day is the true (one); so he whose scales weigh heavy, then those are they (who) are the prosperers.

9.            And he whose scales weigh light, then those are the ones who have lost their (own) selves for that they used to do injustice regarding Our signs.

10.        And indeed We have already established you in the earth and made for you therein (means of) subsistence; little do you thank (Us).

11.        And indeed We already created you, thereafter We fashioned you, thereafter We said to the Angels, “Prostrate to Adam;” so they prostrated, except Iblîs; he was not of the prostrators.

12.        Said He, “What prevented you from prostrating as I commanded you?” Said he, “I am more charitable (i.e. better) than he. You created me of fire, and You created him of clay.”

13.        Said He, “Then get down (out of) it; so, in no way is it for you to be proud therein; then go out; surely you are among the belittled.”

14.        Said he, “Respite me to the Day they are made to rise again.”

15.        Said He, “Surely you are among the ones respited.”

16.        Said he, “So, for that You caused me to be misguided, indeed I will definitely sit (i.e., in ambush) for them (on) Your straight Path.

17.        Thereafter indeed I will definitely come up to them from before them (Literally: between their hands) and from behind them, and from their right (hands), and from their left (hands); and You will not find most of them thankful.”

18.        Said He, “Go out of it, reproved and regretfully rejected. Indeed whoever of them will follow you, indeed I will definitely fill Hell from among you all together.”

19.        And O Adam, dwell, you and your spouse, in the Garden (and) so eat of where you (both) decide; and do not draw near this tree, (or) then (both of) you will be of the unjust.”

20.        Then Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) whispered to them (both) to display to them that which was overlaid (i.e., hidden) from them of their shameful parts; and he said, “In no way has your Lord forbidden you from this tree except that you should become (two) angels or become of the ones eternally (abiding).”

21.        And he swore to both of them, “Surely I am indeed for you both one of your honest (Literally: one of the honest advisers) advisers.”

22.        So he misled them both by delusion; (Or: caused their fall) then, as soon as they (both) tasted the tree, their shameful parts appeared to them, and they took to splicing upon themselves (some of) the leaves of the Garden. And their Lord called out to them, “Did I not forbid you from that tree and say to you both, surely Satan is for you both an evident enemy?”

23.        They both said, “Our Lord, we have done an injustice to ourselves; and in case You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, indeed we (both) will definitely be among the losers.”

24.        Said He, “Get down (all of you), some of you an enemy to (some) others; and in the earth there is for you a repository and an enjoyment for a while.”

25.        Said He, “Therein you will live, and therein you will die, and there from you will be brought out.”

26.        O Seed (Or: sons) of Adam! We have readily sent down on you a garment to overlay your shameful parts, and a vesture; (Fine clothes; or feathers) and the garment of piety, that is the most charitable; (i.e., better) that is of the signs of Allah, that possibly they would constantly remember.

27.        O Seeds (Or: sons) of Adam! Definitely do not let Ash-Shaytan (The All-vicious, i.e., the Devil) tempt you just as he brought your parents (Literally: your two feathers) out of the Garden, plucking out from them (both) their garments to show them their shameful parts. Surely he sees you, he and his (dependent) tribe, from where you do not see them. Surely We have made Ash- Shayâtîn (The all-vicious ones, i.e., the devils) patrons of the ones who do not believe.

28.        And when they perform an obscenity, they say, “We found our fathers (performing) it, and Allah has commanded us to (perform) it.” Say, “Surely Allah does not command obscenity; do you say against Allah that which you do not know?”

29.        Say, “My Lord has commanded equity; and set your faces upright at every mosque and invoke Him, making the religion His faithfully; just as He began you, so you will go back (to Him).

30.        A group He has guided, and errancy has come true against (another) group.” Surely they have taken to themselves Ash-Shayâtîn (The all-vicious ones, i.e., the devils) for patrons, apart from Allah, and they reckon that they are (right) guided.

31.        O Seeds (Or: sons) of Adam! Take your adornment at every mosque, and eat and drink, and do not be extravagant; surely He does not love the extravagant.

32.        Say, “Who has prohibited the adornment of Allah, which He has brought out for His bondmen, and the good things of (His) providing?” Say, “These, on the Day of the Resurrection, will be exclusively for the ones who believed in (i.e., during) the present life.” (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) Thus We expound the signs for a people who know.

33.        Say, “My Lord has only prohibited obscenities, (i.e., a dominations, unlawful sexual intercourse) whatever of (these) are outward and whatever are inward, and vice, and untruthful inequity, (Literally: with other than the truth) and that you associate with Allah that for which He has not sent down any all-binding authority, and that you say against Allah whatever you do not know.”

34.        And to every nation (there is) a term; so when their term comes, they will not (be able to) postpone (it) by a (single) hour, nor will they put (it) forward.

35.        O Seeds (Or: sons) of Adam! In case ever there should definitely come up to you Messengers from among you, narrating to you My signs, so, whoever is pious and acts righteously, then no fear will be on them, nor will they grieve.

36.        And the ones who have cried lies to Our signs and waxed proud against them, those will be the companions of the Fire; they are therein eternally (abiding).

37.        So, who is more unjust than he who fabricates against Allah a lie or cries lies to His signs? For those, their assignment of the Book (i.e., the Book of decrees) will begranted (Literally: attain) them; until when Our Messengers come to them to take them up, they will say, “Where is what you used to invoke apart from Allah?” They say, “They have erred away from us, ” and they will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers.

38.        Says He, “Enter among nations that already passed away even before you, of the jinn and humankind, into the Fire.” Whenever a nation enters, it curses its sister-nation until when they altogether have successively overtaken (each) other, the last of them will say to the first of them, “Our Lord, these led us into error, so bring them a double torment of the Fire.” Says He, “To each a double, but you do not know.”

39.        And the first of them will say to the last of them, “So, in no way are you of any grace (i.e. are in no way superior; are no better) over us; then taste the torment for what you were earning.”

40.        Surely the ones who cry lies to Our signs and wax proud against them, the gates of the heaven will not be made to open to them, nor will they enter the Garden until the cord (Sometimes interpreted) penetrates into the eye of the needle. And thus We recompense the criminals.

41.        They will have a resting place of Hell, and above them Envelopers; and thus We recompense the unjust.

42.        And (the ones) who have believed, and have done deeds of righteousness-We do not charge a self except according to its capacity-those are the Companions of the Garden; they are therein eternally (abiding).

43.        And We will draw out whatever rancor is in their breasts. From beneath them Rivers run, and they will say, “Praise be to Allah, Who guided us to this; and in no way could we have been guided, unless Allah has guided us. Indeed (the) Messengers of our Lord have already come with the Truth.” And they will be called out, “That (Literally: Those are) is the Garden you have been (made) to inherit for what you were doing.”

44.        And the companions (i.e., inhabitants) of the Garden will call out the companions of the Fire, (saying) “We have already found whatever our Lord promised us true; then have you found whatever your Lord promised true?” They will say, “Yes.” Then an announcer will announce between them, “The curse of Allah be on the unjust.

45.        Who bar from the way of Allah and inequitably seek to make it crooked; and they are disbelievers in the Hereafter.”

46.        And between them is a curtain, and on the battlements are men who recognize (them) all by their mark; and they will call out to the companions of the Garden, “Peace be upon you! They have not (yet) entered it, and they long (Or: ara eager) for that.”

47.        And when their beholdings (i.e., their eyes) are turned about towards the companions of the Fire, they will say, “Our Lord, do not make us among the unjust people.”

48.        And the companions of the battlements will call out to men they recognize by their mark. They will say, “In no way has your gathering (i.e., your amassing, and your multitude) availed you, neither whatever you used to wax proud of.

49.        Are these the ones that you swore Allah would not allow them to attain (any) mercy?” “Enter the Garden; no fear will (be) upon you, nor will you grieve.”

50.        And the companions of the Fire will call out to the companions of the Garden (saying), “Downpour on us some water, or some of whatever Allah has provided you.” They will say, “Surely Allah has prohibited both to the disbelievers, ”

51.        Who have taken (among themselves) their religion as a diversion and a plaything, and whom the present life (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) has deluded. So, today We forget them as they forgot the meeting of this their Day, and (that) they used to repudiate Our signs.

52.        And indeed We have already come to them with a Book that We have expounded with Knowledge, a guidance and a mercy to a people who believe.

53.        Do they look for (anything) except its interpretation? The Day its interpretation comes up, the ones who forgot it earlier will say, “The Messengers of Our Lord already came with the Truth; so, have we any intercessors, (for) then they would intercede for us, or will we be turned back to do other than what we were doing?” They have already lost their (own) selves, and what they were fabricating has erred away from them.

54.        Surely your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days. Thereafter He leveled Himself upon the Throne (How He did so is beyond human understanding). He envelops the daytime (with) the night, (which) seeks it out promptly, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars are subjected to His Command. Verily, to Him (belong) the creation and the Command. Supremely Blessed be Allah, The Lord of the worlds.

55.        Invoke your Lord in supplication and covertly; surely He does not love the transgressors.

56.        And do not corrupt in the earth after its being tilled, and invoke Him in fear and longing. Surely the mercy of Allah is near to the fair-doers.

57.        And He is (The One) Who sends the winds, bearing good tidings before (Literally: between the two hands of His mercy) His mercy, till when they carry heavy clouds, We drive it (i.e., the clouds) to a dead land; then We therewith send down water; so We bring out therewith products of all (kinds). Thus We will bring out the dead, that possibly you would be mindful.

58.        And the good land, its growth comes (Literally: goes out) out by the permission of its Lord, and (as for) that which is wicked, its growth does (i.e., its vegetation) not come (Literally: goes out) out except meagerly. Thus We propound the signs for a people who thank (Us).

59.    Indeed We have already sent Nh to his people; so he said “O my people! Worship Allah. In no way do you have any god other than He. Surely I fear for you the torment of a tremendous Day.”

60.        The chiefs of his people said, “Surely we indeed see you in evident error.”

61.        Said he, “O my people! There is no errancy in me; but I am a Messenger from The Lord of the worlds.

62.        I constantly proclaim to you the Messages of my Lord, and I advise you (sincerely), and I know from Allah what you do not know.

63.        And do you wonder that a Remembrance from your Lord has come to you by means (Literally: upon a man) of a man among you, that he may warn you, and that you may be pious, and that possibly you would be granted mercy?”

64.        So they cried him lies; then We delivered him, and the ones with him, in the ship (s), and We drowned (the ones) who cried lies to Our signs; surely they were a wilfully blind people.

65.    And to cAd (We sent) their brother Hd; he said, “O my people! Worship Allah! In no way do you have any god other than He. Will you then not be pious?”

66.        The chiefs who disbelieved among his people said, “Surely we see you indeed in foolishness, and surely we indeed expect that you are one of the liars.”

67.        Said he, “O my people! There is no foolishness in me, but I am a Messenger from The Lord of the worlds.

68.        I constantly proclaim to you the Messages of my Lord, and I am for you a devoted adviser.

69.        And do you wonder (Literally: have you wondered) that a Remembrance from your Lord has come to you upon a man among you, that he may warn you? And remember when (Literally: as) He made you successors even after the people of Nűh, and increased you sizably (Literally: Outspreading “in stature”) in creation. So remember the boons of Allah, that possibly you would prosper.”

70.        They said, “Have you come to us that we may worship Allah alone and leave out what our fathers were worshiping? Then come up to us with what you promise us, in case you are of the sincere.”

71.        He said, “Abomination and anger from your Lord have already befallen you. Do you dispute with me over names you have named, you and your fathers, (for) in no way has Allah ever sent down regarding them any all-binding authority? So, await, surely I will be with you among (the ones) a waiting.”

72.        So We delivered him, and the ones with him, by a mercy from Us; and We cut off the last trace of (the ones) who cried lies to Our signs and in no way were they believers.

73.    And to Thaműd (We sent) their brother Salih. He said, “O my people! Worship Allah! In no way do you have any god other than He. A Supremely evident (sign) from your Lord has already come to you. This is the she-camel of Allah to be a sign for you. So leave her out (free) to eat in the earth of Allah, and do not touch her with any odious (treatment) (lest) then a painful torment should take you (away).

74.    And remember as He made you successors even after cهd and located you in the earth, taking to your selves palaces of its plains, and hewing (its) mountains into homes; so remember the boons of Allah, and do not perpetrate (mischief) in the earth as corruptors.

75.        The chiefs who waxed proud from among his people said to whomever were deemed weak, to whomever of them believed, “Do you know that Salih is an Emissary from his Lord?” They said, “Surely in whatever he has been sent with, we are believers.”

76.        The ones who waxed proud said, “Surely in that which you believe, we are disbelievers.”

77.        So they hamstrung the she-camel and rebelled against the Command of their Lord, and said, “O Salih, come up to us with what you promise us, in case you are one of the Emissaries.”

78.        Then the Commotion took them (away), and so (in the morning) they became cowering (bodies) in their residence.

79.        So he turned away from them and said, “O my people! Indeed I have already proclaimed to you the Message of my Lord and advised you (sincerely), but you do not love (sincere) advisers.”

80.    And (remember) Lűt, (Lot) as he said to his people, “Do you commit (Literally: come up with the obscenity) such obscenity as in no way has anyone in the worlds ever gone before you (perpetrated) it?

81.        Surely you indeed come up with lust to men, apart from (i.e. instead of) women; no indeed, you are an extravagant people.” (i.e., exceeding the limits (of decency)

82.        And in no way was the answer of his people (anything) except that they said, “Drive them out of your town; surely they are a folk who constantly purify themselves.”

83.        So We delivered him and his family, except his wife; she was one of the laggards.

84.        And We rained down upon them a rain; so look how was the end of the criminals.

85.        And to Madyan (We sent) their brother Shu`ayb. He said, “O my people! Worship Allah! In no way do you have any god other than He. A supreme evidence has already come to you from your Lord; so fill up the measure and the balance, and do not depreciate mankind their things; (i.e., their goods) and do not corrupt in the earth after its being righteous. That (Literally: those “orders”) is most charitable for you, in case you are believers.

86.        And do not sit in every path, threatening and barring from the way of Allah (the ones) who believe in Him, and inequitably seeking to make (His way) crooked. And remember when you were few, then He multiplied you; and look how was the end of the corruptors.

87.        And in case there is a section of you who have believed in what (i.e. in the Message) I have been sent with, and a section who have not believed, then be patient till Allah shall judge between us; and He is The Most Charitable of judges.”

88.        The chiefs who waxed proud among his people said, “Indeed we will definitely drive you out, O Shu`ayb, and the ones who have believed with you, from our town, or (else) you indeed will definitely go back to our creed.” Said he, “Even if we hate (Literally: and even if we are hating “that”) it?

89.        We would have already fabricated against Allah a lie in case we (ever) went back into your creed, after Allah has finally delivered us from it; and in no way can we return into it, unless Allah, our Lord, so decides. Our Lord embraces everything in (His) knowledge. On Allah h we have put our trust. Our Lord! Arbitrate with the truth between us and our people, and You are The Most Charitable of arbiters.”

90.        And the chiefs who disbelieved from among his people said, “Indeed in case you (ever) follow Shu`ayb, lo, surely in that case you will indeed be losers.”

91.        Then the Commotion took them (away); so in the morning they became cowering (bodies) in their residence.

92.        The ones who cried lies to Shu`ayb were as if they had not flourished in it; the ones who cried lies to Shu`ayb were they (who) were the losers.

93.        So he turned away from them and said, “O my people! Indeed I have already proclaimed the Messages of my Lord and advised you (sincerely), so how should I feel sad for a disbelieving people?”

94.        And in no way have We sent any Prophet into a town except that We took its population with misery and tribulation that possibly they would earnestly supplicate (Us).

95.        Thereafter We exchanged in place of an odious deed a fair (reward), (i.e., replaced adversity by good fortune) till they lived in luxury and said, “Tribulation and easiness already touched our fathers.” So We took them (away) suddenly, (while) they were not aware.

96.        And if the population of the towns had believed and been pious, We indeed would have opened upon them blessings from the heaven and the earth, but they cried lies, (and) so We took them (away) for what they were earning.

97.        So, do the population of the towns feel secure that Our violence will not come up to them (in their homes) at night (while) they are sleeping?

98.        Or do the population of the towns feel secure that Our violence will not come up to them in the forenoon while they are playing?

99.        So, do they feel secure against the scheming of Allah? Then none feels secure against the scheming of Allah except the people (who) are the losers.

100.    And is it not a guidance (Literally: Does it not guide them) to the ones who inherit the earth after its population that, if We (so) decide, We will afflict them for their guilty deeds, and We stamp upon their hearts so they do not hear?

101.    Such were the towns We narrate (some) tidings of them to you, and indeed their Messengers already came to them with the supremely evident (signs). So in no way could they believe in what they had cried lies (to) earlier. Thus Allah stamps upon the hearts of the disbelievers.

102.    And in no way did We find (loyalty to any) covenant in most of them, and decidedly We found most of them immoral indeed.

103.  Thereafter We sent forth even after them Műsa (Moses) with Our signs to Firaawn (Pharaoh) and his chiefs, yet they did injustice regarding them. So look how was the end of the corruptors!

104.    And Műsa (Moses) said, “O Firaawn! (Pharaoh) Surely I am a Messenger from The Lord of the worlds,

105.    Truly (worthy) to say nothing regarding Allah except the truth. I have already come to you with a supremely evident (sign) from your Lord, so send forth with me the Seeds (Or: sons) of .”Israel).

106.    Said he, “In case you have come with a sign, so come up with it, in case you are of the sincere.”

107.    So he cast his staff, and only then was it an evident serpent;

108.    And he drew out his hand, and only then was it white to the on-lookers.

109.    The chiefs of Firaawns (pharaoh’s) people said, “Surely this is indeed a knowledgeable sorcerer.

110.    Who would (like to) drive you out of your land; so, what (is it that) you command?”

111.    They said, “Put him off, and his brother, (a while) and send among the cities mutterers.

112.     (And) they will come up to you with every knowledgeable sorcerer.”

113.    And the sorcerers came to Firaawn; they said, “Surely we will indeed have a reward in case we ourselves, are the over comers.”

114.    Said he, “Yes, and surely you will indeed be among the near-stationed.”

115.    They said, “O Műsa! (Moses) Either you cast, or we ourselves will be the ones casting (first).”

116.  Said he, “You cast.” So as soon as they cast, they bewitched (their) fellowmenصs eyes, and overawed them, and came with a tremendous sorcery.

117.    And We revealed to Műsa (Moses) (saying), “Cast your staff.” So, only then did it gulp whatever they falsified.

118.    So the Truth came to pass, (Literally: fell “on them”) and void (Literally: became untrue) was whatever they were doing.

119.    So they were overcome over there, and they turned over belittled.

120.    And the sorcerers were cast down prostrating.

121.    They said, “We believe in The Lord of the worlds,

122.    The Lord of Műsa (Moses) and Harűn.” (Aaron)

123.    Firaawn (Pharaoh) said, “You have believed in Him before I permit you. Surely this is indeed a scheme you have been scheming in the city that you may drive out its population. Yet you will eventually know!

124.    Indeed I will definitely cut up your hands and your legs alternately, thereafter indeed I will definitely crucify you all together.”

125.    They said, “Surely to our Lord we are around (Literally: turning over).

126.    And in no way do you take vengeance upon us except that we have believed in the signs of our Lord as soon they came to us. Our Lord, pour out upon us patience and take us to Yourself as Muslims.”

127.  And the chiefs of the people of Firaawn said, “Will you leave Műsa (Moses) and his people corrupt in the earth, and leave you and your gods behind?” He said, “We will soon massacre their sons and (spare) alive their women, and surely above them we are vanquishers.”

128.  Műsa said to his people, “Beseech Allah for help and be patient; surely the earth (belongs) to Allah. He causes whomever He decides among His bondmen to inherit it, and the (prosperous) end is for the pious.”

129.    They said, “We were hurt even before you came up to us and even after you came to us.” Said he, “It may be that your Lord will cause your enemy to perish and make you successors in the earth; so He looks into how you do.”

130.    And indeed We already took the house of Firaawn (to task) with years (of dearth), and diminution of products, that possibly they would constantly remember.

131.    Then when the fair (reward) came to them, they said, “This belongs to us, ” and in case an odious (thing) afflicted them, they would augur ill by Műsa (Moses) and the ones with him. Verily their bird (of augury) is surely only in the Meeting with Allah, but most of them did not know.

132.    And they said, “No matter what sign you come up with to us to bewitch us, then in no way are we believers with you.”

133.    So We sent upon them the deluge, and the locusts, and the lice, and the frogs, and the blood, expounded signs; yet they waxed proud and were a criminal people.

134.  And as soon as the chastisement befell them, they said, “O Műsa! Invoke your Lord for us by what He covenanted in your presence. Indeed in case you lift off from us the chastisement, indeed we will definitely believe you, and indeed we will definitely send with you the Seeds (Or: sons) of .”Israel)

135.    Then as soon as We lifted off from them the chastisement to a term that they should reach, only then did they breach (their covenant).

136.    So We took vengeance on them, then We drowned them in the main for that they cried lies to Our signs, and they were heedless of them.

137.    And We caused the people that were deemed weak to inherit the eastern parts of the earth and the western parts, which We had blessed, and the Fairest Word of your Lord was perfectly (fulfilled) upon the Seeds of for whatever they (endured) patiently; and We destroyed whatever Firaawn (pharaoh) used to work, (i.e., make) and his people, and what they used to trellis. (Literally: to trellis. Understood here to mean build as thrones, palaces and towers).

138.    And We made the Seeds (or: sons) of Israel) pass over the sea. Then they came upon a people consecrating themselves to idols they had. They said, “O Műsa, (Moses) make for us a god as they have gods.” He said, “Surely you are a people who are ignorant.

139.    Surely, whatever (idols) these (people consecrated themselves to) will be completely annihilated, and whatever they were doing is untrue.”.

140.    He said, “Shall I inequitably seek a god for you other than Allah and He has graced you over the worlds.?”

141.    And as We delivered you from the house of Firaawn (Pharaoh) who were marking you for an odious torment, massacring your sons and (sparing) alive your women, and in that (Literally: those (things) was a tremendous trial from your Lord. .

142.    And We appointed with Műsa (Moses) thirty nights and We perfected them with ten, so the fixed time of his Lord was perfect for forty nights. And Műsa (Moses) said to his brother Harűn, (Aaron) “Be my successor among my people and act righteously; do not ever follow the way of the corruptors.”

143.    And as soon as Műsa came to Our fixed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said, “Lord! Show me, that I may look at You!” Said He, “You will never see Me; but look at the mountain, so, in case it stays residing in its place, then you will eventually see Me.” Then as soon as his Lord manifested Himself to the mountain, He made it pounded (into dust), and Műsa collapsed stunned. So, as soon as he recovered, he said, All Extolment be to You! I repent to You, and I am the first of the believers.”.

144.    Said He, “O Műsa! Surely I have elected you above mankind for My Messages and for My Words (to you); so take what I have brought you, and be of the thankful.”.

145.    And We wrote for him on the Tablets of everything an admonition, and an expounding of everything. “So take them with power, and command your people to take the fairest of them. I will soon show you the residence of the immoral..

146.    I will soon turn about from My signs (the ones) who wax proud in the earth untruthfully; and in case they see every sign, they do not believe in it; and in case they see the way of right-mindedness, they will not take it to themselves for a way, and in case they see the way of misguidance, they will take it to themselves for a way. That is for that they cried lies to Our signs and were heedless of them.”.

147.    And the ones who have cried lies to Our signs and the meeting in the Hereafter, their deeds have (become) frustrated. Should they be recompensed, except (according to) whatever they were doing?.

148.    And the people of Műsa (Moses) took to themselves even after him, of their (diverse) ornaments, a corporeal Calf that had a lowing (voice). Did they not see that it did not speak to them nor did it guide them upon any way? They took it to themselves and were an unjust (people)..

149.    And as soon as it was made to fall down in their hands, (i.e., they regretted.) and (they) saw that they had already erred, they said, “Indeed in case our Lord has no mercy on us and does not forgive us, indeed, we will definitely be of the losers.”.

150.    And as soon as Műsa returned to his people, all-enraged and sorrowful, he said, “Miserable is what you have done while staying behind me (just) after my (departure). Would you hasten on the Command of your Lord?” And he cast down the Tablets and took hold of his brother's head, dragging him towards himself. He said, “Son of my mother, surely the people deemed me weak and were almost about to kill me. So do not make the enemies to gloat over me, and do not set me (Literally: do not make me) among the unjust people”.

151.    He said, “Lord! Forgive me and my brother and cause us to enter into Your mercy; and You are The Most Merciful of the merciful.”.

152.    Surely the ones who took to themselves the Calf anger will soon pertain to them from their Lord, and humiliation in the present life; (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) and thus We recompense the fabricators..

153.    And the ones who do odious deeds, thereafter repent even after that and believe, surely even after that your Lord is indeed Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful..

154.    And as soon as Műsa’s (Moses) anger calmed down, he took the Tablets; and in the transcript of them was a guidance and a mercy to the ones who hold their Lord in awe..

155.    And Műsa (Moses) chose his people, seventy men, for Our fixed time; then, as soon as the commotion took them, he said, “Lord! If you had so decided, You would have caused them to perish earlier and me. Would You cause us to perish for what the foolish ones of us have performed? Decidedly it is (nothing) except Your temptation, whereby You lead to error whomever You decide, and You guide whomever You decide. You are our Ever-Patronizing Patron, so forgive us and have mercy on us, and You are The Most Charitable of forgivers..

156.    And prescribe for us in this present (Literally: this lowly (life), i.e., the life of this word) (life) a fair (reward), and in the Hereafter; surely we have Judaized (i.e., to be a Jew) to You.” Said He, “My torment, I afflict with it whomever I decide, and My mercy has embraced everything; so I will soon prescribe it to the ones who are pious and bring the Zakat, (i.e., pay the poor-dues) and the ones who (themselves) believe in Our signs, .

157.    The ones who closely follow the Messenger, the Prophet, the illiterate one, whom they find written down in their presence in the Tawrah (the Book revealed to Műsa (Moses) and the Injil, (the Book revealed to Îsa (Jesus) commanding them to beneficence, and forbidding them maleficence, making lawful for them the good things, and prohibiting for them the wicked things, and ridding them of their obligation and the shackles that were upon them. So the ones who believe in him, and rally to him (in assistance) and vindicate him, and closely follow the light that has been sent down with him, those are they (who) are the prosperers.”.

158.    Say, “O you mankind, surely I am the Messenger of Allah to you altogether, to Whom belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth. There is no god except He. He gives life and causes to die. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Prophet the illiterate one who believes in Allah and His Speeches, and follow him closely that possibly you would be guided.”.

159.    And of the people of Műsa (Moses) there is a nation who guide with the truth, and by it do with justice.. And We cut them up into twelve Grandsons, (i.e., tribes.) nations.

160.    And We Cut them up into twelve Grandsons, (Moses) nations. And We revealed to Műsa, as his people asked him for water, (saying), “Strike with your staff the stone!” So there squirt forth from it twelve springs; every folk already knew their drinking-place. And We overshadowed them with mists, and We sent down manna and quails upon them: (i.e. the Tribes) “Eat of whatever good things with which We have provided you.” And in no way did they do injustice to Us, but to themselves they were doing injustice..

161.    And as it was said to them, “Dwell (serenely) in this town and eat of it where you decide, and say, “Unburdening, ” (Unburdening of their sins, i.e, forgiveness) and enter the gate constantly prostrating. (Then) We shall forgive you your offences. We will soon increase the fair-doers.”.

162.    Then the ones who did injustice among them substituted a saying other than what had been said to them; so We sent (down) upon them a chastisement from the heaven for their doing injustice..

163.    And ask them concerning the town which was by the (Literally: present by the sea) sea, as they were aggressors on (i.e. They broke the Sabbath) the Sabbath, as their whales came to them on the day of their Sabbath with their heads up, (i.e. They were swimming shorewards) and on the day they did not keep Sabbath, they did not come up to them. Thus did We try them for they were acting immorally..

164.    And as a (certain) nation of them said, “Why do you admonish a people whom Allah (is) causing to perish or tormenting with a strict torment?” They said, “ (As) a (possible) excuse to your Lord, and that possibly they would be pious.”.

165.    So, as soon as they forgot what they were reminded of, We delivered the ones who were forbidding odious deeds and We took (away) the ones who did injustice with most miserable torment because they were acting immorally..

166.    Then as soon as they rebelled against what they had been forbidden to do, We said to them, “Be you apes, (totally) spurned!”.

167.    And as your Lord has notified that indeed He will definitely send forth against them, to the Day of the Resurrection, ones who would mark them for an odious torment. Surely your Lord is indeed swift in punishment, and surely He is indeed Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful..

168.    And We cut them up in the earth into nations, (some) of them righteous, and (some) of them lesser than that; (Literally: orher than that) and We tried them with fair things and odious things that possibly they would return..

169.    Then there succeeded even after them a succession who inherited the Book, taking the advantage of this meaner (life), and saying, “Soon it will be forgiven us.” And in case an advantage, the like of it, comes up to them, they will take it. Has not the compact of the Book been taken upon them, that they should say nothing concerning Allah except the truth? And they studied what is in it; and the Last Residence is most charitable for the ones who are pious. Then do you not consider (that?. (

170.    And the ones who hold fast to the Book and keep up the prayer, surely We do not waste the reward of the righteous doers.. And (remember) as We agitated the mountain above them as if it were an overshadowing (awning) and they expected it was going to fall down on them: “Take powerfully what We have brought you, and remember what is in it, that possibly you would be pious.”.

171.    And (remember) as your Lord took from the Seeds (Or. sons) of ÉAdam, from their backs, their offspring, and made them bear witness concerning themselves, “Am I not your Lord?” They said, “Yes indeed, we bear witness.” (So) that you should not say on the Day of the Resurrection, “Surely we were heedless of this, ”.

172.    Or that you should not say, “Surely it is only our fathers (who) associated (i.e., associated others with Allah) earlier, and we were (their) offspring even after them. Would You then cause us to perish for what the wrong-doers performed?”.

173.    And thus We expound the signs and possibly that they would return..

174.    And recite to them the tiding of him to whom We brought Our signs, yet he stripped himself out of them; (i.e., he abaudoned them) then Ash-Shytan (The all-vicious one, i.e., the Devil) followed up after him, (and) so he became of the misguided..

175.    And if We had decided, We would indeed have raised him thereby, but he clung to the earth and closely followed his prejudice. So the likeness of him is like the likeness of a dog: in case you burden it, it lolls (its tongue out), or (in case) you leave it, it lolls (its tongue out). That is the likeness of the people who have cried lies to Our signs. So narrate (these) narratives that possibly they would meditate..

176.    An odious likeness (is the likeness) of the people who have cried lies to Our signs, and to themselves they were doing injustice..

177.    Whomever Allah guides, (then) he is (rightly) guided; and whomever He leads into error, then those are they (who are) the losers..

178.    And indeed We have already propagated for Hell many of the jinn and humankind; they have hearts with which they do not comprehend, and they have eyes with which they do not behold, and they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like the cattle; no indeed, they are further in error. Those are they (who are) heedless..

179.    And to Allah (belong) the Fairest Names, so invoke Him by them, and leave behind the ones who blaspheme His Names; they will soon be recompensed (for) whatever they were doing..

180.    And of the ones We created are a nation who guide with the Truth and by it do justice..

181.    And the ones who have cried lies to Our signs, We will soon gradually draw them (to punishment) from where they do not know..

182.    And I reprieve them; surely My plotting is constantly pervading..

183.    And do they not meditate? There is no madness in their Companion. (The Prophet) Decidedly he is nothing except an evident warner..

184.    And have they not looked into the Dominion of the heavens and the earth and what things Allah has created, and that may be that their term has already drawn near? So, in whichever discourse after (this) are they to believe?.

185.    Whomever Allah leads into error, then no guide he has, and He leaves them blundering in their inordinance..

186.    They ask you concerning the Hour, when it will have its anchorage. (i.e., when it will take place) Say, “Surely the knowledge of it is only in the Providence of my Lord; none will manifest it at its (proper) time except He. It is heavy in the heavens and the earth. It will not come up to you except suddenly!” They ask you, as if you were thoroughly (acquainted) with it. Say, “Surely the knowledge of it is only in the Providence of Allah, but most of mankind do not know.”.

187.    Say, “I do not possess (any) benefit or harm for myself, except what ever Allah decides; and if I had known the Unseen, I would indeed have got plenty of the most charitable things, and in no way would odious times have touched me. Decidedly I am nothing except a constant warner and a constant bearer of good tidings to a people who believe.”.

188.    He is The One Who created you of one self, and made of it its spouse that he might serenely dwell with her. Then as soon as he (intimately) enveloped her, she bore a light burden, then she passed by with it; then when she became heavy, they both invoked Allah their Lord, ”Indeed in case you bring us a righteous (child), (Or: of righteous disosition.) we indeed will be definitely of the thankful.”.

189.  Then, as soon as He brought them a righteous (child), they set up for Him associates in what He had brought them. Yet Allah is Supremely Exalted above whatever they associate..

190.    Do they associate (with Allah) that which does not create anything, and they themselves are created, .

191.    And that are unable to vindicate them, neither will they vindicate themselves?.

192.    And in case you (i.e. the believers) call them to the guidance, they do not ever follow you; equal it is to you whether you call them, or whether you are silent..

193.  Surely the ones you invoke, apart from Allah, are bondmen the likes of you; so invoke them, (and) then let them respond to you, in case you are sincere..

194.    Do they have legs with which they walk, or (even) do they have hands with which they assault, or (even) do they have eyes with which they behold, or (even) do they have ears with which they hear? Say, ”Invoke your associates, thereafter plot against me, (and) then do not respite me..

195.    Surely my Ever-Patronizing Patron is Allah, Who has been sending down the Book and He patronizes the righteous..

196.    And the ones you invoke apart from Him are neither able to vindicate you nor to vindicate themselves.”.

197.    And in case you call them to the guidance, they do not hear, and you see them looking at you, and they do not behold..

198.    Take to clemency, and command benevolence, and veer away from the ignorant..

199.    And definitely in case an incitement from Ash-Shaytan (the all-vicious (one), i.e., the Devil) ever incites you, then seek refuge in Allah; surely He is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing..

200.    Surely the ones who are pious, when a visitation of Ash-Shaytan (the all-vicious (one), i.e., the Devil) touches them, remind themselves, then, only then are they (clear) beholders..

201.    And their brethren reinforce them into misguidance, thereafter they do not stop short..

202.    And when you do not come up to them with a sign, they say, “Why have you not selected it?” Say, “Surely I closely follow only what has been revealed to me from my Lord; these one evident demonstrations (i.e., demonstrations for beholders) from your Lord, and a guidance, and a mercy for a people who believe.”.

203.    And when the Qur’an is read, then listen to it and hearken, that possibly you would be granted mercy..

204.    And remember your Lord within yourself, in supplication and in fright, other than being (too) loud in words, in the early mornings and the (hours) before sunset, and do not be among the heedless..

205.    Surely the ones who are in the Providence of your Lord do not wax too proud to (do) Him worship, and they extol Him, and to Him they prostrate themselves (A prostration is to be performed after this verse)

 

8. Surat Al-Anfâl (The Spoils)

In The Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful.

1.      They ask you about the spoils. (The Arabic word nafl originally means: supererogatory prayer, or gift) Say, “The spoils (belong) to Allah and the Messenger; so be pious to Allah, and act righteously among yourselves (Or: make a reconciliation after differences) and obey Allah and His Messenger, in case you are believers.”

2.      Surely the believers are only the ones who, when Allah is mentioned, their hearts tremble and when His ayat (Signs or verses) are recited to them, they increase them in belief, and in their Lord they put their trust,

3.      The ones who keep up the prayer and expend of what We have provided them.

4.      Those are truly the ones who are believers; they have degrees in the Providence of their Lord, and forgiveness, and an honorable provision.

5.      As also as your Lord brought you (The prophet) out of your home with the truth, and surely a group of the believers indeed are hating that.

6.      Disputing with you concerning the truth, after it had become evident, as though they were being driven to death while looking (at it).

7.      And as Allah promised you (The pronouns “you” and “yours” are plural) one of the two sections should be yours, and you would like that the one other than the accoutered (i.e. owning accoutrement, the armed section) should be yours. And Allah willed to uphold truthfully the truth by His words and cut off the last trace (Literally: the rear, hind part) of the disbelievers,

8.      That He might (uphold) truthfully the truth and void the untrue, although the criminals would hate (that).

9.      As you call your Lord for succor, so He responded to you that, “I am supplying you with a thousand Angels in successive ranks.

10.  And in no way has Allah made this except as good tidings and that your hearts thereby might be composed. And in no way is victory from (any- where) except from the Providence of Allah; surely Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

11.  As He was making drowsiness to envelop you as secure (reassurance) from Him, and sending down on you water from the heaven to purify you thereby, and to put away from you the chastisement of Ash-Shaytan, (The all-vicious :one”; i.e., the Devil) and to brace your hearts, and to make firm (your) feet thereby.

12.  As Your Lord was revealing to the Angels, (saying), “I am with you; so make the ones who believe stand firm. I will soon cast into the hearts of the ones who have disbelieved horror; so strike above the necks, and strike every finger-tip of them.”

13.  That (is) for that they opposed Allah and His Messenger; and whoever opposes Allah and His Messenger; then surely Allah is strict in punishment.

14.  That (The Arabic pronoun is in the plural from, indicating strict punishment) (is the punishment), so taste it; and that the torment of the Fire is for the disbelievers.

15.  O you who have believed, when you meet the ones who have disbelieved marching (to battle) then do not turn your backs (Literally: your hind parts) to them.

16.  And whoever turns his back upon that day to them, except (in case) of turning off (i.e., turning off “e.g., the road” as a stratagem or to regroup) to fight or taking the side of (another) community, he has then incurred anger from Allah, and his abode is Hell, and miserable is the Destiny!

17.  So, you did not kill them, but Allah killed them; and in no way did you (i.e., the prophet) throw when you threw, but Allah threw, and that He might try the believers by a fair trial from Himself. Surely Allah is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

18.  That (The Arabic pronoun is in the plural form) is for you; and (know) that Allah is enfeebling the plotting of the disbelievers.

19.  In case you seek arbitration, then arbitration has already come to you; and in case you refrain, then it is a most charitable thing for you; and in case you go back, We will go back, and your community will never avail you anything, though it be many; and that Allah is with the believers.

20.  O you who have believed, obey Allah and His Messenger and do not turn away from him, (even) as you hear (him speak).

21.  And do not be as the ones who have said, “We hear, ” and they do not hear.

22.  Surely the evilest of beasts in the Meeting with Allah are the deaf, the dumb, who do not consider.

23.  And if Allah had known of any charity in them, indeed He would have made them hear; and if He had made them hear, they would have turned back (while) veering away from (His words).

24.  O you who have believed, respond to Allah and to the Messenger when He calls you to that which enlivens you; and know that Allah interposes between a person and his heart, and that to Him you will be mustered.

25.  And protect yourselves against a temptation which will definitely not afflict in particular the ones who did injustice among you; and that Allah is strict in punishment.

26.  And remember as you were few (and) deemed weak in the earth, fearing that mankind would snatch you away, so He gave you an abode, and aided you with His victory, and provided you with the good things, that possibly you would thank (Him).

27.  O you who have believed, do not betray Allah and the Messenger, and do not betray your deposits and you know that.

28.  And know that your riches and your children are only a temptation and that in the Providence of Allah is a magnificent reward.

29.  O you who have believed, in case you are pious to Allah, He will set for you an all-distinctive Criterion, (i.e., He will make for you an all-distinctive Criterion “between right and wrong”) and expiate for you your odious (deeds), and forgive you; and Allah is The Owner of the magnificent Grace.

30.  And as the ones who have disbelieved were scheming to confine you, or kill you, or to drive you out, and they were scheming, and Allah was scheming; and Allah is The Most Charitable of schemers.

31.  And when Our signs are recited to them, they said, “We have already heard; if we decided, we would indeed say the like of this; decidedly this is nothing except the myths of the earliest (people).”

32.  And as they said, “O Allah, (The Arabic word has the suffix-unima for supplication) in case this is (really) the Truth from Your Providence, then rain down upon us stones from the heaven, or come up to us with a painful torment.”

33.  And in no way indeed would Allah torment them, (while) you are among them; and in no way would Allah be tormenting them (while) they ask forgiveness.

34.  And what (plea) have they, that Allah should not torment them, and they are barring from the Inviolable Mosque, and in no way have they been its patrons? Decidedly none (could be) its patrons except the pious ones; but most of them do not know.

35.  And in no way is their prayer at the Home anything except a whistling and a clapping of hands. So, taste the torment for that you have disbelieved (Literally: you were disbelieving).

36.  Surely the ones who have disbelieved expend their riches to bar from the way of Allah; so they will soon expend them; thereafter these will be (a cause) of regret for them; thereafter they will be overcome; and the ones who have disbelieved will be mustered to Hell.

37.  That Allah may discriminate the wicked from the good, and set up the wicked one upon another; (Literally: make some of them upon some “others”) (and) so accumulate them up altogether, and then set them up in Hell; those are they (who are) the losers.

38.  Say to the ones who have disbelieved, in case they refrain, whatever has already passed will be forgiven them; and in case they go back, then the enactment (for) the earliest (people) has already gone by.

39.  And fight them, till there is no temptation (Or: sedition, persecution) and the religion is all for Allah; so in case they refrain, then surely Allah is Ever-Beholding whatever they do.

40.  And in case they turn away, then know that Allah is your Supreme Patronizer, The Excellent Supreme Patronizer, and The Excellent Supreme Vindicator!

41.  And know that whatever thing you take as booty, then for Allah is the fifth of it and for the Messenger, and for a near kinsman, and the orphans, and the indigent, and the wayfarer, in case you believe in Allah and what We sent down upon Our Bondman on the day of the all-distinctive Criterion, the day the two gatherings encountered, and Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything.

42.  As you were on the closer embankment, and they were on the remotest embankment, and the cavalcade (of riders) was below you; and if you had made a mutual appointment, you would indeed have differed about the promised appointment, but that Allah might decree a Command that was to be performed, that whoever perished might perish by a supreme evidence, and whoever lived might live by a supreme evidence; and surely Allah is indeed Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

43.  As Allah showed you them in your sleeping as few; and if He had shown them to you as many, you would indeed have been disheartened, and you would indeed have contended together about the Command; but Allah saved (i.e., handed you victory) (you). Surely He is Ever-Knowing of the inmost (thoughts) in the breasts (Literally: what the breasts own).

44.  And as He showed you them in your eyes as few, as you encountered, and made you few in their eyes, that Allah might decree a Command that was to be performed, and to Allah all Commands are returned.

45.  O you who have believed, when you meet a community, (i.e., an enemy community) then stand firm and remember Allah much, that possibly you would prosper.

46.  And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not contend together, (and) so you would be disheartened and your vigor goes away; and (endure) patiently; surely Allah is with the patient.

47.  And do not be as the ones who went out of their residences boastfully (ungrateful) and showing off to the multitude and barring from the way of Allah; and Allah is Supremely Encompassing whatever they do.

48.  And as Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious “one”, i.e., the Devil) adorned their deeds to them (i.e., made their deeds attractive to them) and said, “Today not one of mankind will overcome you, and surely I am your neighbor.” Then as soon as the two communities sighted each other, he retreated on his heels and said, “Surely I am quit of you; surely I see what you do not see; surely I fear Allah; and Allah is strict in punishment.”

49.  As the hypocrites and the ones in whose hearts was sickness, said, “Their religion has deluded these (believers).” And whoever puts his trust in Allah, then surely Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

50.  And if you could see the Angels as they take up the ones who disbelieved, striking their faces and their hind parts and (saying), “Taste the torment of the burning.”

51.  That (is) for what your hands have forwarded, and for that Allah is not in the least unjust to (His) slaves.

52.  As was the steadfast manner of the house of Firaawn (Pharaoh) and the ones who were even before them (who) disbelieved in the signs of Allah; so Allah took them (away) for their guilty (deeds). Surely Allah is Ever-Powerful, strict in punishment.

53.  That is for that Allah is not changing (His) favor that He conferred (Literally: favored) on a people until they have changed what is within themselves; and that Allah is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing.

54.  As was the steadfast manner of the house of Firaawn (Pharaoh) and the ones who were even before them, they cried lies to the signs of their Lord; so We caused them to perish for their guilty deeds, and We drowned the house of Firaawn; (Pharaoh) and all were unjust.

55.  Surely the evilest of beasts in the Meeting with Allah are the ones who have disbelieved, so they would not believe.

56.  The ones of them with whom you have covenanted, thereafter they break their covenant every time, and they are not pious.

57. So definitely in case you ever catch them in the war, then deal with them so as to disperse the ones (who1..are) behind them, that possibly they would constantly remember.

58.  And definitely in case you ever fear treachery from any people, then renounce (the covenant) with them equally; surely Allah does not love the treacherous;

59.  And definitely let not the ones who have disbelieved reckon that they have outstripped (the believers); surely they (cannot) defy (My Will).

60.  And prepare for them whatever power and whatever garrisoned horses you can, to (spread) awe thereby into (the hearts) of the enemy of Allah and your enemy, and others, apart from them (i.e., besides them) that you do not know; Allah knows them. And whatever you expend in the way of Allah will be repaid you in full, and you will not be done an injustice.

61.  And in case they are bent on submission, then be bent on it and put your trust in Allah; surely He, Ever He, is The Ever-Hearing, The Ever-Knowing.

62.  And in case they would (like) to deceive you, then surely Allah is enough (i.e., enough Reckoner) for you; He is The One Who has aided you with His victory and with the believers,

63.  And He has brought their hearts together (Literally: joined “between” their hearts). If you had expended whatever is in the earth altogether, in no way could you have brought their hearts together; but Allah has brought them together; surely He is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

64.  O you Prophet, Allah is enough (i.e., your Reckoner) for you and (for) the ones of the believers who closely follow you.

65.  O you Prophet, exhort the believers to the fight. In case there are twenty of you, patient (men), they will overcome two hundred; and in case there are a hundred of you, they will overcome a thousand of the ones who have disbelieved for that they are a people who do not comprehend.

66.  Now Allah has lightened it for you, and He has known that there is weakness in you. So, in case there are a hundred of you patient (men), they will overcome two hundred; and in case there are of you a thousand, they will overcome two thousand by the permission of Allah, and Allah is with the patient.

67.  In no way can any Prophet have captives until he has subjugated (the enemy) in the earth; you (i.e., the believers) are willing to have the (chance) advantages of the present (life), (Literally: the lowly “life”, i.e., the life of this world) and Allah wills the Hereafter; and Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise.

68.  Had it not been for a prescription (Literally: a Book) that has gone before from Allah, a tremendous torment for what you have taken would indeed have touched you.

69.  So, eat of what you have taken as booty, such as is lawful (and) good; and be pious to Allah; surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.

70.  O you Prophet, say to the captives who are in your hands, “In case Allah knows of any charity in your hearts, He will bring you a more charitable (benefit) than what has been taken from you, and He will forgive you; and Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.”

71.  And in case they would (think) of treachery against you, then they have already betrayed Allah earlier (Literally: even before) yet He has established (your) mastery over them; and Allah is Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise.

72.  Surely the ones who have believed and have emigrated and striven with their riches and their selves in the way of Allah, and the ones who have given abode and have vindicated, those are constant patrons of one another (Literally: some of them are patrons of some “others). And the ones who have believed, and have not emigrated, in no way are you to offer them patronage in anything till they emigrate; and in case they ask you (help towards) victory in (the name) of the religion, then you have (to help them) towards victory, except against a people between whom and you there is a compact; and Allah is Ever-Beholding whatever you do.

73.  And the ones who have disbelieved are patrons one of another. In case you do not (i.e., if the believers do not patronize each other) perform that, there will be temptation (Or: dissension) in the earth and great corruption.

74.  And the ones who have believed, and have emigrated, and have striven in the way of Allah, and the ones who have given abode and helped towards victory, those are they (who truly) are believers; they will have forgiveness and an honorable provision.

75.  And the ones who have believed even after (that) and have emigrated, and have striven with you, then those are of you; and the ones who are related (by blood) (Literally: near by birth “womb”; endowed with near kinship) have more right to patronage with one another (Literally: some of them to some “others”) in the Book of Allah; surely Allah is Ever-Knowing of everything.

 

9. Surat At-Tawbah (Re-Pentance)

1.            An acquittal from Allah and His Messenger to the ones of the associators (Those who associate others with Allah) (with) whom you have covenanted:.

2.            So, wander about in the earth for four months, and know that you are unable to be (i.e. without the power to be defiant) defiant to Allah, and that Allah will be disgracing the disbelievers ..

3.            And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the day of the Greater Pilgrimage that Allah is quit of the associators and (so is) His Messenger. So in case you repent, then it is more charitable (i.e., better) for you; and in case you turn away, then know that you are unable to be defiant to Allah; and give tidings to the ones who have disbelieved of a painful torment..

4.            Excepting the ones of the associators (with) whom you covenanted, thereafter they did not fail (Literally: diminish anything) you in anything nor backed anyone against you. So complete (Literally: perfect (verb) your covenant with them till their (extended) period; surely Allah loves the pious..

5.            So, when the prohibiting months are drawn away, (Literally: stripped away) then kill the associators wherever you find them, and take them, and detain them, and sit (in wait) for them at every place of observation (i.e., ambush). But, in case they repent, and keep up the prayer, and bring the Zakat, (i.e., pay the obligatory poor-dues) then let them go their way; (Literally: pass on their way) surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful..

6.            And in case any of the associators (Those who associate others with Allah) seeks of you neighborly (protection), then grant him neighborly (protection) till he hears the Words of Allah; thereafter convey him to his secure place. That (is) for that they are a people who do not know..

7.            How should the associators (Those who associate others with Allah) have a covenant in the Meeting with Allah and in the sight of His Messenger? Excepting the ones (with) whom you covenanted at the Inviolable Mosque; so, as long as they go straight with you, so go straight with them; surely Allah loves the pious..

8.            How? (i.e., How can they keep their covenant?) And in case they get the better of you, they will respect towards you neither consanguinity nor treaty; they satisfy you with their mouths, (but) their hearts refuse; and most of them are immoral..

9.            They have traded the signs of Allah for a little price, so they have barred from His way; surely odious is whatever they were doing..

10.        They respect (Literally: watch) neither consanguinity nor treaty towards a believer; and those are the ones (who are) transgressors..

11.    So, in case they repent, and keep up the prayer, and bring the Zakat, (Pay the obligatory poor-dues.) then they are your brethren in the religion; and We expound the signs for a people who know..

12.        And in case they breach their oaths after their covenant, and discredit your religion, then fight the leaders of disbelief; surely they have no (binding) oaths, that possibly they would refrain..

13.        Will you not fight a people who breached their oaths and designed to drive out the Messenger, and it was they who began the first time against you? Are you apprehensive of them? Then Allah truly has more right (on you) to be apprehensive of Him in case you are believers..

14.        Fight them! Allah will torment them at your hands and disgrace them and grant you victory over them, and cure the breasts of a people (who are) believers..

15.        And He will put away the rage of their hearts; and Allah relents towards whomever He decides; and Allah is Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise..

16.        Or even did you reckon that you would be left (in peace), and Allah does not know (i.e., has not tried you, tested you) as yet the ones of you who have striven and have not taken to themselves, apart from Allah and His Messenger and the believers, any confidant? And Allah is Ever-Cognizant of whatever you do..

17.        In no way should the associators (Those who associate others with Allah) tend the mosques of Allah, witnessing against themselves disbelief; those, their deeds are frustrated, and in the Fire they are eternally (abiding (..

18.        Surely he only shall tend the mosques of Allah who has believed in Allah and the Last Day, and kept up the prayer, and brought the Zakat, (i.e., paid the obligatoery poor-dues) and is apprehensive of none except Allah; so, it may be that those will be among the right-guided..

19.        Do you make the giving of water to the pilgrims and the tending of the Inviolable Mosque the same as (the worship of) one who has believed in Allah and the Last Day and has striven in the way of Allah? They are not equal (Literally: They are not the same level) in the Meeting with Allah; and Allah does not guide the unjust people..

20.        The ones who have believed, and have emigrated, and have striven in the way of Allah with their riches and their selves are more magnificent in degree in the Providence of Allah; and those are they (who are) the triumphant..

21.        Their Lord gives them good tidings of mercy from Him and all-blessed Satisfaction, and Gardens wherein they will have perpetual bliss, .

22.        Eternally therein (abiding) forever; surely in the Providence of Allah is a magnificent reward..

23.        O you who have believed, do not take to yourselves your fathers and your brethren to be (your) patrons, in case they show love to disbelief (rather) than belief. And whoever of you patronizes them, then, those are they (who) are the unjust..

24.        Say, “In case your fathers, and your sons, and your brethren, and your spouses, and your kinsmen, and riches that you have scored (Literally: committed ) and commerce whose slackening you are apprehensive of, and dwellings you are satisfied with, in case these are more beloved to you than Allah and His Messenger and striving in His way, then await till Allah comes up with His Command; and Allah does not guide the immoral people.”.

25.    Indeed Allah has already (granted) you victory on many battlefields, and on the day of Hunayn, when your multitude made you admire it, yet it availed you nothing; and the earth, spacious as it is, was strait for you; thereafter you turned away, withdrawing..

26.        Thereafter Allah sent down upon His Messenger His serenity (The Arabic word is /sakînah/) and upon the believers, and He sent down hosts you did not see, and He tormented the ones who disbelieved; and that is the recompense of the disbelievers..

27.    Thereafter Allah even after that relents towards whomever He decides; and Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful..

28.        O you who have believed, surely the associators (Those who associate others with Allah) are only an impurity; so they should not come near the Inviolable Mosque after this season (Literally: after this duration = (this year) of theirs. And if you fear want, then Allah will eventually enrich you of His Grace, in case He (so) decides; surely Allah is Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise..

29.        Fight the ones who do not believe in Allah nor in the Last Day, and do not prohibit whatever Allah and His Messenger have prohibited, and do not practice (Literally: to have as a religion) the religion of Truth-from among the ones to whom the Book was brought-until they give the tax out of hand (i.e., by a ready money payment, or in token of submission) and have been belittled..

30.        And the Jews have said, “cUzayr (i.e. Ezra) is the son of Allah. “And the Nasara (i.e. the Christians) have said, Al-Masîh (The Messiah) is the son of Allah.” That is their saying with their mouths, conforming with the saying of the disbelievers earlier. Allah fights them! However are they diverged (into) falsehood? .

31.        They have taken to themselves as lords, apart from Allah, their doctors and their monks and Al-Masîh, (The Messiah) the son of Maryam; (Mary) and in no way were they commanded to worship (anyone) except One God; there is no god except He; All extolment be to Him, (He is) above whatever they associate (with Him)..

32.        They would (like) to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths; and Allah refuses (anything) except to perfect His light, though the disbelievers hate (that)..

33.        He (is The One) Who has sent His Messenger with the guidance and the religion of Truth that He may make it topmost over all religion, though the associators (Those who associate others with Allah) hate (that)..

34.        O you who have believed, surely many of the doctors and monks indeed eat (up) the riches of mankind untruthfully and bar from the way of Allah; and (so do) the ones who hoard gold and silver and do not expend them in the way of Allah. Then give them the tidings of a painful torment..

35.        The Day they will be heated in the fire of Hell, (and) so therewith their foreheads and their sides and their backs will be branded; (and it will be said), “This is what you have hoarded for yourselves; so taste what you were hoarding.”.

36.        Surely the (right) (i.e. fixed) number of the months in the Providence of Allah is twelve months (ordained) in the Book of Allah the day that He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are prohibiting. (i.e., fighting is prohibited during them) That is the most upright religion. So do not do (any) injustice to yourselves during them; (i.e., durimg the prohibited during them) and fight the associators as a whole as they fight you as a whole; and know that Allah is with the pious..

37.        Surely the month postponed is only an increase in disbelief whereby the ones who have disbelieved are led into error; one season they make it lawful, (i.e., they make fighting in it lawful) and keep it prohibited (i.e. they make fighting in it unlawful) (another) season to make it coincide with the (right) number that ة Allah has prohibited, so make lawful what Allah has prohibited. Their odious deeds have been adorned for them; (i.e., made attractive to them) and Allah does not guide the disbelieving people..

38.        O you who have believed, how is it with you, (that) when it is said to you, “March out in the way of Allah, ” you sink down heavily to the earth? Are you satisfied with the present life, (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) rather than with the Hereafter? Yet in no way is the enjoyment of the present life, in the Hereafter anything except a little thing..

39.        In case ever you do not march out, He will torment you with a painful torment and will (readily) exchange instead of you another people; and you will not harm Him anything and Allah is Ever-Determiner over everything..

40.        In case ever you do not vindicate him, (The prophet) yet Allah readily vindicated him, as the ones who disbelieved drove him out the second of two, as the two were in the cavern, as he said to his companion, “Grieve not; surely Allah is with us. “Then Allah sent down His serenity on him and aided him with hosts you did not see; and He made the word of the ones who disbelieved the basest; and the Word of Allah is that (which) is The Uppermost; and Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise..

41.        March out, light and heavy! And strive with your riches and yourselves in the way of Allah. That is most charitable for you, in case you know..

42.        If it had been (some) advantage near at hand, and a moderately (smooth) journey, they would indeed have closely followed you; but the distance was too far for them, and they will soon swear by Allah, “If we had been able, indeed we would have gone out with you; They bring perdition (i.e., permission to be excused form fighting) upon their selves; and Allah knows that surely they are liars indeed..

43.         Allah be clement towards you! (i.e., the prophet) Why did you give them permission, (i.e., permission to be excused form fighting) till it was evident to you the ones of them who (strive) sincerely, and you know the liars?.

44.        The ones who believe in Allah and the Last Day do not ask permission of you that they may strive with their riches and their selves; and Allah is Ever-Knowing of the pious..

45.        They only ask permission of you who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day, and whose hearts are filled with suspicion, so that in their suspicion they waver..

46.        And if they had been willing to go out (among you), they would indeed have made some preparation (Literally: prepared a preparation) for it; but Allah hated that they should be sent forth, so He discouraged them, and it was said to them, “Sit with the ones sitting back.”.

47.        And if they had gone out among you, in no way would they have increased you except in confusion, and would indeed have hurried about amidst you inequitably seeking to stir up sedition (Or: temptation) between you; and (some of) you are constant listeners to them; and Allah is Ever-Knowing of the unjust ..

48.        Indeed they inequitably sought (to stir up) sedition already earlier and turned the commands about for you, until the Truth came, and the Command of Allah became topmost, and they are hating (that)..

49.        And of them is he who says, “Give me permission (i.e., permission to be excused from fighting) and do not tempt me.” Verily they have already fallen down into temptation; and surely Hell is indeed encompassing the disbelievers..

50.        In case a fair (reward) alights (Literally: afflicts) on you, (i.e., the prophet) it vexes them; and in case an affliction afflicts you, they say, “We took our command (in hand) earlier, ” and turn away, and they (feel) exultant..

51.        Say, “Never will anything afflict us except what Allah has prescribed for us; He is our Supreme Patronizer; and on Allah let the believers then put their trust.”.

52.        Say, “Are you awaiting for us (anything) except one of the two fairest rewards? (i.e., martyrdom or victory) And we are awaiting for you that Allah will afflict you with a torment from His (providence) or at our hands. So await; surely we are awaiting with you.”.

53.        Say, “Expend, willingly or unwillingly, it will never be (graciously) accepted from you; surely you have been an immoral people.”.

54.        And nothing has prevented that their expendings should be accepted from them except that they have disbelieved in Allah and in His Messenger, and they do not come up to prayer except lazily, and they do not expend except while they are hating (that). (Literally: and they are of that)

55.        So let not their riches nor their children make you admire them; surely Allah only wills thereby to torment them in the present life, (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) and that their selves should expire (while) they are disbelievers..

56.    And they swear by Allah that surely they are indeed of you, and in no way are they of you; but they are a people who are terrified..

57.        If they could find a shelter, or (some) cavernous places, or any place of entry, they would indeed turn about and bolt away (to it)..

58.        And of them is he who defames you concerning donations; so in case they are given thereof, they are satisfied; and in case they are not given thereof, only then are they wrathful..

59.        And if they were satisfied with what Allah and His Messenger brought them, and said, “Enough (Reckoner) for us is Allah ; Allah will soon bring us of His Grace, and (so will) His Messenger; surely we (turn) to Allah, being desirous.” (i.e. of His Grace).

60.        Surely donations are only for the poor, and the indigent, and the ones collecting them, (Literally: working (doing) upon them) and the ones whose hearts are brought together, (i.e. newly converted enemies, so as to reconcile their hearts) and the ransoming of necks, (i.e. captives and slaves) and the ones penalized (for debt), and in the way of Allah, and the wayfarer; an ordinance from Allah, and Allah is Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise..

61.        And of them are the ones who hurt the Prophet and say, “He is an ear!” (i.e., He listens to everything, welfare) Say “An ear (i.e., giving ear, listening) of charity (Or: benefit; the choicest thing, welfare) for you. He believes in Allah, and believes (i.e. trusts, reassures) the believers, and (is) a mercy for the ones of you who have believed; and the ones who hurt the Messenger of Allah, for them is a painful torment.”.

62.        They swear by Allah to you, (i.e., the believers) to satisfy you. And Allah and His Messenger-it is truly worthier that they should satisfy Him, in case they are believers..

63.        Do they not know that whoever contravenes Allah and His Messenger; then for him is the fire of Hell, eternally therein (abiding). That is the tremendous disgrace..

64.    The hypocrites are wary that a srah may be sent down against them, (fully) informing them what is in their hearts. Say, “Mock on; surely Allah is bringing out whatever you beware.”.

65.        And indeed in case you ask them, then indeed they would definitely say, “Surely we were only wading (Or: plunging into, becoming abcoming absorbed in (a subject) and playing.” Say, “Then were you mocking Allah, and His signs, and His Messenger?.

66.        Do not excuse yourselves. You have readily disbelieved after your belief; in case We are clement towards a section of you, We will torment (another) section, for that they have been criminals.”.

67.        The men hypocrites and the women hypocrites are as one another; (Literally: some of them are as some (others) they command to maleficence and forbid beneficence, and they keep their hands shut. (Literally: grasp their hands; i.e., they do not give charity) They have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them; surely the hypocrites are they (who are) the immoral..

68.         Allah has promised the men hypocrites, and the women hypocrites, and the steadfast disbelievers the fire of Hell, eternally (abiding) therein. It will be enough (reckoning) for them; and Allah has cursed them; and for them is a perpetual torment..

69.        Like the ones even before you, (who) were stronger (Literally: more severe; more strict.) than you in power and had more riches and children; so did they enjoy their apportioning; so have you enjoyed your apportioning as the ones even before you enjoyed their apportioning. And you have waded (Or: plunged into, became absorbed in (a subject or deeds) in the way they waded. (i.e. in the things in which they waded) Those are (the people) whose deeds have been frustrated in the present (life) (Literally: the lowly (life), i.e., the life of this world) and the Hereafter; and those are they who are the losers..

70.        Has there not come up to them the tiding of the ones who were even before them, the people of Nűh, (Noah) and cAd, and Thamd, and the people of Ibrahîm, (Abraham) and the companions (i.e., the inhabitants) of Madyan, and the cities of falsehood? Their Messengers came up to them with the clear evidences; so in no way did Allah indeed do them (any) injustice, but they were doing themselves injustice..

71.        And the men believers and the women believers are patrons one of the other, ; they command beneficence and forbid maleficence, and keep up the prayer, and bring the Zakat, (i.e., pay the obligatory poor-dues) and obey ة Allah and His Messenger; those (are the people) on whom Allah will soon have mercy; surely Allah is Ever-Mighty, Ever-Wise..

72.         Allah has promised the men believers and the women believers Gardens from beneath which the Rivers run, eternally (abiding) therein, and goodly dwellings in the Gardens of cAdn (9) and greater: all-blessed Satisfaction from Allah; that, (is the bargain) that is the magnificent triumph..

73.        O you Prophet, strive against the steadfast disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be harsh with them. And their abode is Hell, and miserable is the Destiny!.

74.        They swear by Allah that in no way did they say (anything wrong), and they did indeed already say the word of disbelief, and disbelieved after their (acceptance of  Islam; and they designed what they did not attain and in no way did they seek vengeance except that Allah enriched them, and His Messenger, of His Grace; so, in case they repent, it will be more charitable (i.e., better) for them; and in case they turn back Allah will torment them with a painful torment in the present (life) (Literally: the lowly (life), the life of this world) and the Hereafter; and in no way do they have in the earth a constant patron or a ready vindicator..

75.         And of them are the ones who covenanted with Allah, “If He bring us of His Grace, indeed we will definitely donate (i.e., give alms) and indeed we will definitely be of the righteous.”.

76.        Yet, as soon as He brought them of His Grace, they were miserly with it and turned back (while) they are veering away (from His Words)..

77.        So He has made the consequence (to be) hypocrisy in their hearts until the Day they meet Him for that they failed Allah in what they promised Him and for that they were often lying..

78.        Do they not know that Allah knows their secret and their private conference and that Allah is The Sublime Knower of the things Unseen.?

79.        The ones who defame the ones of the believers who volunteer (their) donations and the ones who find (nothing) except their endeavor, and so scoff at them; (i.e., they scoff at the believers who volunteer their donations, as well as the believers who do not donate) Allah has scoffed at them; and they will have a painful torment..

80.        Ask forgiveness for them, or do not ask forgiveness for them; in case you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, yet Allah will never forgive them; that (is) for that they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger; and Allah does not guide the immoral people..

81.        The ones who were left behind exulted with their seat (s) behind the back of Messenger of Allah, (i.e., against the wishes of the Messenger) and hated to strive with their riches and their selves in the way of Allah, and said, “Do not march out in the heat.” Say, “The fire of Hell is strictly hotter, ” if they (really) comprehend..

82.        So, let them laugh a little and weep much in recompense for what they have been earning..

83.        Then, in case Allah returns you to a section of them, (and) so they ask permission of you to go out, then say, “You shall never go out with me at all, and you shall never fight with me any enemy; surely you were satisfied with sitting back the first time, so sit back with the ones who tarry behind.”.

84.    And do not pray at all over any of them (when) he is dead, nor rise up over (i.e., stand over) his tomb; surely they disbelieve in Allah and His Messenger and died while they were immoral..

85.        And do not let their riches and children make you admire them. Surely Allah only wills thereby to torment them in the present (life), and that their selves expire while they are disbelievers..

86.    And when a srah is sent down (saying), “Believe in